150+ Useful Symbols and Abbreviations For Note Taking

Below is a list of a number of common abbreviations for note taking that you should learn to speed up your writing.

How to Take Notes Quickly

Frequently Used Abbreviations For Note Taking

  • approx.: Approximately
  • b/c: Because
  • b/4: Before
  • bk.: Book
  • C: (e.g. 21C for ‘twenty-first century’)
  • c.: Approximately, roughly, about (abbreviation for the Latin ‘circa’)
  • cf.: Compared to, in comparison with
  • cp.: Compare
  • def.: Definition
  • diff.: Different, difference
  • ea.: Each
  • e.g.: For example
  • fr.: From
  • etc.: And so on
  • i.e.: That is, that means, in other words
  • impt.: Important
  • NB: Important, notice this, note well
  • nec.: Necessary
  • re.: Regarding, about
  • sim.: Similar
  • s/t: Something
  • T.: Theory, theoretical
  • tho’: Though
  • thro’: Through
  • w/: With
  • w/o: Without
  • viz.: Namely, that is to say
  • v.: Very
  • vv.: Extremely
  • vs.: Against
  • ppl: People
  • res: Research
  • natl: National
  • eqn: Equation
  • ed: Education
  • dep: Department
  • esp: Especially
  • ustand: Understand
  • Am.: Morning
  • Pm.: Afternoon
  • asap: As soon as possible
  • Wrt: With respect to
  • =ity: Equality
  • evryt: Everything
  • infl: Influence
  • r.: Rate (i.e. birth r.)
  • devel: Development
  • expl: Explanation
  • trad: Traditional
  • cult: Cultural
  • instit: Institution
  • justific: Justification
  • nt: Nothing
  • lrg: Large
  • soc.: Social or society
  • Stats: Statistics
  • Am’t: Amount
  • educat’l: Educational
  • subj: Subject
  • cons: Conservative
  • ind: Individual
  • ckg: Checking
  • estg: Establishing
  • Expting: Experimenting
  • bkgd: Background
  • ppd: Prepared
  • prblm: Problem
  • C19: Nineteenth century; similarly C20 etc.
  • 1920s: i.e. 1920-1929; similarly 1970s etc.
  • Ltd: Limited
  • max.: Maximum
  • min.: Minimum
  • G.B.: Great Britain
  • U.K: United Kingdom
  • Eng.: English
  • Brit.: British
  • Sts: Students

Common Symbols For Speedy Note Taking

  • 2: To, two, too
  • 4: For
  • 8: Anything ending in ‘ate’
  • +: And, also, as well as, in addition to, plus
  • – : Minus, without
  • : Does not equal, is not the same as, does not result in
  • : Is approximately equal to, is similar to
  • =: Equals, is the same as, results in
  • >: Is greater than, is larger than
  • : Increase, rise, growth
  • <: Is less than, is smaller than
  • ↑↑: Rapid increase
  • ↓ : Decrease, fall, shrinkage
  • ↓↓: Rapid decrease
  • ∴ : Therefore, thus
  • : Because
  • : Leads on to, produces, causes
  • x : No, not, incorrect
  • xx : Definitely not, disproved
  • ? : Uncertain, possibly, unproven, question
  • ✓ : Yes, correct
  • ✓✓: Definitely, certain, proven
  • # : Number
  • ✳ : Special, important, notable (when added to a word or phrase)
  • / : Per (e.g., £50/day instead of ‘fifty pounds per day’)
  • ! : Not, isn’t
  • @: At
  • : Proportional to
  • Δ : Change
  • ♀️: Female or women
  • ♂️: Male or men
  • … : Means space in quote

Specific Historical Terms

  • 19thC or 19C: 19th Century
  • WWI: World War I
  • WWII: World War II
  • Indust. Rev.: Industrial Revolution
  • Fren. Rev.: French Revolution
  • Rus. Rev.: Russian Revolution
  • Nat Soc or Nazism: National Socialism
  • Prus: Prussian
  • US: United States or American
  • Brit or GB: Great British or Britain
  • Eng.: English or England
  • Germ.: German
  • Fr.: French, France

Less Frequently Used Abbreviations For Note Taking

  • A: Answer
  • adm.: Administration
  • adj.: Adjective, adjourned, adjustment
  • abr.: Abridged
  • abbr.: Abbreviation, abbreviated
  • acad.: Academic, academy
  • aka.: Also known as
  • app.: Appendix
  • assoc.: Association
  • biol.: Biology
  • bibliog.: Bibliography
  • bot.: Botanical, botany
  • cap.: Capital, capitalise
  • chap.: Chapter
  • chem.: Chemical
  • co.: Company
  • colloq.: Colloquial, colloquialism
  • conf.: Conference, confer
  • cont.: Containing, content, continental, continue, continued
  • com.: Commercial, commission, common, communication, community
  • cr.: Credit
  • crit.: Criticism
  • diag.: Diagram
  • disc.: Discovered
  • dist.: Distinguished
  • div.: Dividend, division
  • distr.: Distribution, distributed
  • econ.: Economics, economy
  • esp.: Especially
  • est.: Established, estimate
  • ex.: Examined, example
  • excl.: Excluding
  • f.: Feminine, feminism, frequency
  • gen.: Gender, general
  • govt.: Government
  • hist.: Historian, historical, history
  • illus.: Illustrated
  • inc.: Including
  • info.: Information
  • lang.: Language
  • m.: Male
  • orig.: Original, originated
  • p. / pp.: Page / pages
  • para.: Paragraph
  • poss.: Possible, possibly
  • prin.: Principal
  • prob.: Problem, probable, probably
  • probs: Problems
  • prob.: Produced by, producer, production
  • pt./pts.: Part, point / parts, pts
  • Q.: Question
  • ref.: Refer, reference
  • reg.: Region, registered, regular, regulation
  • rev.: Review, revision
  • sci.: Science, scientific
  • sect.: Section
  • sp.: Special, species, specific
  • st.: Study, student
  • univ.: Universal, university
  • usu.: Usually
  • vers.: Version
  • yr.: Year

Symbols and Abbreviations For Note Taking | Pictures

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150+ Useful Symbols and Abbreviations For Note Taking 2

Abbreviations for Note Taking | Image 2

150+ Useful Symbols and Abbreviations For Note Taking 3

Useful Abbreviations for Note Taking | Image 3

Abbreviations for Note Taking

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Abbreviations for Note Taking

Useful Abbreviations for Note Taking | Image 5

Abbreviations for Note Taking

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Abbreviations for Note Taking

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