Adjectives Ending in -ED and -ING: Useful List & Great Examples

Adjectives Ending in -ED and -ING! Some adjectives have the characteristic of ending in -ed and -ing. Learn the difference between Adjectives Ending in -ED and -ING with useful rules and examples.

Adjectives Ending in -ED and -ING

Adjectives that End in -ING

In general, adjectives that end in -ing are used to describe things and situations. They have an active meaning. They describe someone that is doing something (acting) or something that is causing something to us, making us feel in a certain way.

Adjectives that End in -ED

Adjectives that end in -ed are used to describe how people feel. They have a passive meaning. They describe someone ‘receiving‘ some kind of action, made to feel in a certain.

Examples of Adjectives Ending in -ED and -ING

  • Space science is very interesting to her.
  • She is interested in space science.

The -ing adjective tells you about something (space science) . The -ed adjective tells you how somebody feels about something (She is interested in space science because it is very interesting).

Other examples:

  • I was disappointed with the movie. I expected it to be much better. (I felt disappointed.)
  • The movie was disappointing. I expected it to be much better. (It was a disappointing movie.)
  • We were very shocked when we heard the news. (We felt shocked.)
  • The news was shocking. (It was a shocking news.)

To make it clearer, let’s have a look at the following examples:

  • A crying baby
  • A running man
  • A sleeping cat

They all “do” something: the baby is crying, the man is running, the cat is sleeping. The –ing adjectives have an active meaning: crying, running and sleeping are used to describe an action.

Now look at these examples with adjectives ending in –ed:

  • smashed window.
  • An interested audience
  • A confused man
  • An excited child

These adjectives are used with a passive meaning. Something has been done to the object (the window) or something/someone has caused people to be in a certain state (the audience, the man, the child) or feel in a certain way.

The adjectives smashed, interested, confused, excited describe states or feelings as a result of something done: the window has been smashed, the audience has been interested, the man has been confused, the child has been excited.

Notes | Adjectives Ending in -ED and -ING

  • We can use adjectives ending in -ing for things or people. Remember that when we use adjectives ending in -ing, it is describing the person or thing.
  • We can use the -ed ONLY for people (or animals) because THINGS CANNOT FEEL.

List of Adjectives Ending in -ED and -ING

  • Amazing – Amazed
  • Amusing – Amused
  • Annoying – Annoyed
  • Boring – Bored
  • Challenging – Challenged
  • Charming – Charmed
  • Confusing – Confused
  • Convincing – Convinced
  • Depressing – Depressed
  • Disappointing – Disappointed
  • Disgusting – Disgusted
  • Disturbing – Disturbed
  • Embarrassing – Embarrassed
  • Entertaining – Entertained
  • Exciting – Excited
  • Exhausting – Exhausted
  • Depressing – Depressed
  • Disappointing – Disappointed
  • Fascinating – Fascinated
  • Frightening – Frightened
  • Frustrating – Frustrated
  • Inspiring – Inspired
  • Interesting – Interested
  • Pleasing – Pleased
  • Relaxing – Relaxed
  • Relieving – Relieved
  • Satisfying – Satisfied
  • Shocking – Shocked
  • Surprising – Surprised
  • Terrifying – Terrified
  • Threatening – Threatened
  • Thrilling – Thrilled
  • Tiring – Tired
  • Touching – Touched
  • Worrying – Worried

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Iruku Vidya Sagar
Iruku Vidya Sagar
3 years ago

I am learning English… Kindly give me suggestions

2 years ago

These explanations are very clear. Thank you!:)

1 year ago

can u think more that a good person does ending with ing.

1 year ago

You explained it all very clearly. However, you say the – Ed cannot be used with things because things cannot feel and in one of the exemple you use a “smashed window”. Could you explain to me the subtlety?

evelynn Alice
evelynn Alice
11 months ago

hi i am a kid this is pretty fast lerning

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