English Adjectives: A Complete Grammar Guide

Learn useful grammar rules in relation to English adjectives with examples.

What is an adjective?

An adjective is a word that describes a noun or pronoun such as person, place, thing or idea.

English Adjectives can be identified by their endings. Common adjective endings are as follows:

  • -able/-ible: credible, achievable, gullible, capable, illegible, sensible, remarkable, horrible
  • -al: annual, functional, individual, logical, essential
  • -ful: awful, cheerful, doubtful, faithful, forceful
  • -ic: terrific, cubic, manic, rustic
  • -ive: intensive, adaptive, attractive, dismissive, inventive, persuasive
  • -less: doubtless, endless, fearless, helpless, homeless, breathless, careless, groundless, restless
  • -ous: adventurous, famous, generous, courageous, dangerous, tremendous, fabulous

Though, a large number of adjectives are different…

  • hot
  • dark
  • smart
  • cool
  • common
  • complete
  • large
  • deep
  • thin
  • far
  • atractive
  • great
  • doutful
  • cold
  • crowded
  • careless
  • noisy        
  • quiet
  • real
  • pink
  • silent
  • simple
  • strange
  • generous
  • wide
  • young

Types of English Adjectives

In general, two main types of adjectives are:

  • Descriptive adjectives describe quality of the noun.
  • While, Limiting adjectives limit the noun being described.

Adjective Order

Rules and examples for order of adjectives.

Comparison of Adjectives

Three forms of comparison of adjectives in English

Positive: it is an ordinary form of adjectives

Comparative: shows when two persons or objects being compared

Superlative: indicates that the quality or quantity is at its highest or is most intense


Comparatives are used when two persons or objects being compared.


When an adjective compares three or more things, the superlative form of the adjective is used. Superlatives indicate that the quality or quantity is at its highest or is most intense.

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