Adverbs of Manner: Useful Rules, List & Examples

Adverbs of manner are a crucial component of the English language, as they provide more information about how an action is performed. They describe the manner or way in which something is done, and can completely change the meaning of a sentence. From the way you walk to the way you speak, adverbs of manner help to paint a clearer picture of the action being performed. In this article, we’ll explore the different types of adverbs of manner, their placement in sentences, and provide some examples to help you better understand their usage. So, let’s now take a look at how they can enhance your writing! 

What are Adverbs of Manner?

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Adverbs of manner are the largest group of adverbs. Some of them can be used as either adjectives or adverbs. Adverbs of manner are formed by adding –ly to the corresponding adjectives.

Examples of adverbs of manner

  • bad – badly
  • clear – clearly
  • rapid – rapidly
  • complete – completely
  • surprising – surprisingly

Adverbs of manner allow speakers and writers to express the specific way in which an action is performed. They typically answer the question “how?” in a sentence. For example, in the sentence “She sings beautifully,” the adverb “beautifully” indicates how she sings. Common adverbs of manner include carefully, quickly, slowly, comfortably, patiently, and safely.

  • She drives carefully: The manner in which she drives is careful.
  • The cat jumped quickly: The cat carried out the action of jumping in a quick manner.
  • He works patiently: The individual performs his job with patience.

Rules for Forming Adverb of Manner

Adjectives Ending in -ic

When the adjective ends in –ic, the syllable al is usually added before the –ly ending.

For example:

drastic – drastically

frantic – frantically

specific – specifically

dramatic – dramatically

scientific – scientifically

enthusiastic – enthusiastically

Adjectives Ending in -le

  • When the adjective ends in -le preceded by a consonant, the final –e is usually changed to -y.

For example:

simple – simply

preferable – preferably

gentle – gently

reasonable – reasonably

terrible – terribly

  • When the adjective ends in –le preceded by a vowel, we simply add –ly to the adjective.

For example:

agile – agilely

sole – solely

Exception:

whole – wholly

Adjectives Ending in -ll

When the adjective ends in –ll, only –y is added.

For example:

dull – dully

full – fully

shrill – shrilly

Adjectives Ending in –ue

When the adjective ends in –ue, we omit the final –e and add –ly.

For example:

due – duly

true – truly

Adjectives Ending in -y

  • When the adjective ends in -y preceded by a consonant, the -y is usually changed to –i before –ly.

For example:

happy – happily

easy – easily

busy – busily

hungry – hungrily

lazy – lazily

Exception:

shy – shyly

sly – slyly

  • When the adjective ends in -y preceded by a vowel, we simply add –ly to the adjective.

For example:

coy – coyly

grey – greyly

Exception:

gay – gaily

Some Special Cases In Forming Manner Adverbs

Other Types of Adverb May also End in –ly

For example:

consequently – Connecting adverb

subsequently – Connecting adverb

frequently – Frequency adverb

generally – Frequency adverb

usually – Frequency adverb

rarely – Frequency adverb

Irregular Adverbs of Manner 

For example:

fast – fast

hard – hard

little – little

loud – loud or loudly

much – much

straight – straight

good – well

Adjectives Ending in –ly that Have No Corresponding Adverbs

For example:

friendly

likely

ugly

lively

silly

lonely

Pairs of Adverbs That Are Closely Related, but Have Different Meanings

The following pairs of adverbs are closely related, but have different meanings:

hard (with effort) – hardly (scarcely)

high (opposite of low) – highly (very)

late (opposite of early) – lately (recently)

near (opposite of far) – nearly (almost)

wide (opposite of narrow) – widely (commonly)

Position of Adverbs of Manner

Adverbs of manner provide information about how an action is performed. Their placement in a sentence can affect the meaning and clarity. In this section, we will discuss the different positions where adverbs of manner can be placed, focusing on mid-position and end-position.

Mid-Position

In the mid-position, adverbs of manner are placed right before the main verb or after the auxiliary verb. This placement provides emphasis on the manner in which the action is performed. Here are some examples:

  • She quietly entered the room.
  • They were loudly laughing during the party.
  • He has carefully prepared the documents.

When using negative verbs, the adverb typically comes after the negation “not”:

  • She did not slowly walk towards him.
  • They are not politely speaking to each other.

It’s necessary to note that in sentences with Verb + Preposition + Complement structure, the placement of the adverbs of manner depends on the length of the complement and the purpose of the writer. Let’s consider these examples: 

  • He looked at me kindly
  • He kindly looked at me.

The sentences above have the same meaning. However, the manner of the verb looked is more emphasized in the second sentence. 

Another example: 

  • She look at the picture carefully. (1)
  • She (furiously) yelled (furiously) at the group of people standing in her way. (2) 

In (1), the adverb is placed after the object “picture”. However, in (2), the adverb can be placed either before or after the verb  “yelled”, but not after the complement “at the group of people standing in her way” simply because it is too long, and placing it at the end of the sentence can make it sound unnatural. 

End-Position

Adverbs of manner often appear at the end of a verb phrase or sentence. This placement emphasizes the action itself, rather than the manner in which it is performed. Examples include:

  • The cat purred softly.
  • The speaker talked enthusiastically.
  • The players practiced diligently.

Beginning of Sentence

In some cases, adverbs of manner can also be placed at the beginning of the sentence for emphasis or stylistic purposes:

  • Quickly, she finished the race.
  • Gently, he closed the door behind him.

Understanding the positions of adverbs of manner is essential for clear and effective communication. Proper placement can emphasize the manner, the action, or provide a more engaging style to the sentence.

Changes in Meaning

Placement of the adverbs can also change the meaning of the sentence. Let’s take a look at this example: 

  • Foolishly, he answered the phone. (1)
  • He answered the phone foolishly. (2)

In (1), foolishly denotes that the act of answering the phone was foolish. In (2), foolishly is used to describe the foolish way he answered the phone. 

You have to be careful when it comes to adverb placement, so that the readers get a clear sense of your intended meaning. 

Adverbs of Manner | Images

Forming Manner Adverbs – Image 1

Adverbs of Manner: Useful Rules, List & Examples 1Pin

Forming Manner Adverbs – Image 2

Adverbs of Manner!!! Learn list of Adverbs of Manner in English with examples and useful rules to form manner adverbs to help you use them correctly and increase your English vocabulary. Pin

List of Adverbs Video

Frequently Asked Questions

What are some common examples of adverbs of manner?

Common examples of adverbs of manner include quickly, slowly, loudly, quietly, carefully, and easily. Most adverbs of manner are formed by adding “-ly” to an adjective (e.g., “quick” becomes “quickly”).

How do irregular adverbs of manner affect their positioning?

Irregular adverbs of manner, such as “well” (the adverb form of “good”), can follow the same rules for positioning as regular adverbs of manner. The meaning and context of the sentence remain the primary determinants of their placement.

What are the rules for placing adverbs of manner in a sentence?

Adverbs of manner typically take positions after the object of the verb, right before the verb, or at the beginning of a sentence. The most common position is after the object of the verb. It is important to consider the context and meaning of the sentence to ensure that the adverb of manner is properly placed.

When should an adverb of manner be placed before or after a verb?

Generally, an adverb of manner is placed after the verb or object to show how an action is performed. However, there might be exceptions, like when an adverb is used to emphasize a specific aspect of an action. In such cases, the adverb of manner can come before the verb (e.g., “Quietly, she tiptoed through the hallway”).

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Last Updated on November 13, 2023

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