You can jump to any section of this lesson:
- 1 What are Adverbs of Manner?
- 2 Rules for Forming Adverbs of Manner
- 2.1 Adjectives ending in -ic
- 2.2 Adjectives ending in -le
- 2.3 Adjectives ending in -ll
- 2.4 Adjectives ending in –ue
- 2.5 Adjectives ending in -y
- 2.6 Some Special Cases In Forming Adverbs of Manner
- 3 Types of Adverbs | Video
What are Adverbs of Manner?
Adverbs of manner are the largest group of adverbs. Some of them can be used as either adjectives or adverbs. Adverbs of manner are formed by adding –ly to the corresponding adjectives.
- bad – badly
- clear – clearly
- rapid – rapidly
- complete – completely
- surprising – surprisingly
Rules for Forming Adverbs of Manner
Adjectives ending in -ic
When the adjective ends in –ic, the syllable al is usually added before the –ly ending.
drastic – drastically
frantic – frantically
specific – specifically
Adjectives ending in -le
- When the adjective ends in -le preceded by a consonant, the final –e is usually changed to -y.
simple – simply
preferable – preferably
gentle – gently
- When the adjective ends in –le preceded by a vowel, we simply add –ly to the adjective.
agile – agilely
sole – solely
whole – wholly
Adjectives ending in -ll
When the adjective ends in –ll, only –y is added.
dull – dully
full – fully
shrill – shrilly
Adjectives ending in –ue
When the adjective ends in –ue, we omit the final –e and add –ly.
due – duly
true – truly
Adjectives ending in -y
- When the adjective ends in -y preceded by a consonant, the -y is usually changed to –i before –ly.
happy – happily
easy – easily
shy – shyly
sly – slyly
- When the adjective ends in -y preceded by a vowel, we simply add –ly to the adjective.
coy – coyly
grey – greyly
gay – gaily
Some Special Cases In Forming Adverbs of Manner
Other types of adverb may also end in –ly
consequently – Connecting adverb
subsequently – Connecting adverb
frequently – Frequency adverb
generally – Frequency adverb
usually – Frequency adverb
rarely – Frequency adverb
Adverbs of manner which do not use the ending –ly
fast – fast
hard – hard
little – little
loud – loud or loudly
much – much
straight – straight
good – well
Several adjectives ending in –ly have no corresponding adverbs
The following pairs of adverbs are closely related, but have different meanings:
hard (with effort) – hardly (scarcely)
high (opposite of low) – highly (very)
late (opposite of early) – lately (recently)
near (opposite of far) – nearly (almost)
wide (opposite of narrow) – widely (commonly)