List of African Countries with African Languages, Nationalities & Flags

Last Updated on October 17, 2023

African Countries! In this section, you will be able to learn the English names of all the countries on the continent of Africa. This is important to know because not only does its greatly widen your vocabulary but it also helps you to sound more like a native speaker.

There are over 50 African nations and so it may be intimidating to consider learning the English names for all of them but it doesn’t have to be a scary prospect. Simply learn a few at a time until your are confident that you remember them all.

African Countries

African countries are the countries on the continent of Africa. There are 54 African countries in total. The continent of Africa is south of Europe and located between the Atlantic and Indian oceans. The entire continent of all 54 countries is approximately 11,700,000 square miles (which is 30,303,000 square kilometres). The largest country in Africa is Algeria and the smallest is the Republic of The Gambia.

Helpful list of African countries and nationalities with African languages and ESL images. Learn names of these countries in Africa with African flags to improve and enlarge your vocabulary words in English.

List of African Countries

  1. Zimbabwe
  2. Zambia
  3. Uganda
  4. Tunisia
  5. Togo
  6. Tanzania
  7. Swaziland
  8. Sudan
  9. South Africa
  10. Somalia
  11. Sierra Leone
  12. Seychelles
  13. Senegal
  14. Sao Tome and Principe
  15. Rwanda
  16. Nigeria
  17. Niger
  18. Namibia
  19. Mozambique
  20. Morocco
  21. Mauritius
  22. Mauritania
  23. Mali
  24. Malawi
  25. Madagascar
  26. Libya
  27. Liberia
  28. Lesotho
  29. Kenya
  30. Guinea-Bissau
  31. Guinea
  32. Ghana
  33. Gambia, The
  34. Gabon
  35. Ethiopia
  36. Eritrea
  37. Equatorial Guinea
  38. Egypt
  39. Djibouti
  40. Chad
  41. Cote d’Ivoire
  42. Congo, Republic of the
  43. Congo, Democratic Republic of the
  44. Comoros
  45. Central African Republic
  46. Cape Verde
  47. Cameroon
  48. Burundi
  49. Burkina Faso
  50. Botswana
  51. Benin
  52. Angola
  53. Algeria

List of African Countries with African Languages, Nationalities & FlagsPin

Countries in Africa with African Languages and Nationalities


  • Nationality: Algerian
  • Language: Arabic


  • Nationality: Angolan
  • Language: Portuguese


  • Nationality: Beninese
  • Language: French


  • Nationality: Motswana(sing.)/ Batswana (pl.)
  • Language: English

Burkina Faso

  • Nationality: Burkinabe
  • Language: French


  • Nationality: Barundi
  • Language: Kirundi/ French

Cabo Verde

  • Nationality: Cape Verdean
  • Language: Portuguese


  • Nationality: Cameroonian
  • Language: French / English

Central African Republic (CAR)

  • Nationality: Central African
  • Language:  French/ Sango


  • Nationality: Chadian
  • Language: French /Arabic


  • Nationality: Comorian
  • Language: Shikomoro/ Arabic/ French

Democratic Republic of the Congo

  • Nationality: Congolese
  • Language: French

List of African Countries with African Languages, Nationalities & FlagsPin

Republic of the Congo

  • Nationality: Congolese
  • Language: French

Ivoirien/ Ivorian

  • Nationality: Ivoirian
  • Language: French


  • Nationality: Djiboutian
  • Language: French/ Arabic


  • Nationality: Egyptian
  • Language: Arabic

Equatorial Guinea

  • Nationality: Equatorial Guinean
  • Language: Spanish/ French


  • Nationality: Eritrean
  • Language: Tigrinya/ Tigre/ Standard Arabic


  • Nationality: Swazi
  • Language: Siswati/ English


  • Nationality: Ethiopian
  • Language: Amharic


  • Nationality: Gabonese
  • Language: French


  • Nationality: Gambian
  • Language: English


  • Nationality: Ghanaian
  • Language: English


  • Nationality: Guinean
  • Language: French


  • Nationality: Guinean
  • Language: Portuguese


  • Nationality: Kenyan
  • Language: Swahili


  • Nationality: Mosotho (sing.)/ Basotho (pl.)
  • Language: Sesotho/  English


  • Nationality: Liberian
  • Language: English


  • Nationality: Libyan
  • Language: Arabic


  • Nationality: Malagasy
  • Language: Malagasy / French


  • Nationality: Malawian
  • Language: Chewa / English

List of African Countries with African Languages, Nationalities & FlagsPin


  • Nationality: Malian
  • Language: French


  • Nationality: Mauritanian
  • Language: Arabic


  • Nationality: Mauritian
  • Language: French/ English


  • Nationality: Moroccan
  • Language: Arabic / French


  • Nationality: Mozambican
  • Language: Portuguese / Swahili


  • Nationality: Namibian
  • Language: English


  • Nationality: Nigerien
  • Language: French


  • Nationality: Nigerian
  • Language: English


  • Nationality: Rwandan
  • Language: French/ English/ Kinyarwanda


  • Nationality: Senegalese
  • Language: French


  • Nationality: Seychellois
  • Language: Creole/ English/  French

Sierra Leone

  • Nationality: Sierra Leonean
  • Language: English/ Krio/ Temne/ Mende


  • Nationality: Somali / Somalian
  • Language: Somali / Arabic

South Sudan

  • Nationality: South Sudanese
  • Language: English


  • Nationality: Sudanese
  • Language:  Arabic / English


  • Nationality: Tanzanian
  • Language: Swahili / English


  • Nationality: Togolese
  • Language: French


  • Nationality: Tunisian
  • Language: Arabic


  • Nationality: Ugandan
  • Language: English / Swahili


  • Nationality: Zambian
  • Language: English


  • Nationality: Zimbabwean 
  • Language: English /Shona/ Sindebele

South Africa

  • Nationality: South African
  • Language: Afrikaans/ English/ Swazi/ Sotho/ Tswana/ Ndebele/ Venda/ Zulu/ Northern Sotho/ Tsonga/ Xhosa

List of African Languages

  • Zulu
  • Yoruba
  • Xhosa
  • Wolof
  • Venda
  • Umbundu
  • Twi
  • Tswana
  • Tsonga
  • Tsoa
  • Tshivenda
  • Tshiluba
  • Tonga
  • Tigrinya
  • Tamil
  • Swazi
  • Swahili
  • Spanish
  • Southern Ndebele
  • Somali
  • Shona
  • Seychellois Creole
  • Sesotho
  • Sepedi
  • Sena
  • Portuguese
  • Oromo
  • Northern Sotho
  • Northern Ndebele
  • Noon
  • Ndebele
  • Ndau
  • Nambya
  • Mossi
  • Mauritian Creole
  • Malagasy
  • Luo
  • Luganda
  • Lingala
  • Khoekhoe
  • Kongo
  • Kituba
  • Kirundi
  • Kinyarwanda
  • Kimbundu
  • Italian
  • Igbo
  • Hausa
  • Gikuyu
  • German
  • Ga
  • Fulani
  • French
  • Fon
  • English
  • Dangme
  • Chewa
  • Comorian
  • Cape Verdean Creole
  • Bhojpuri
  • Berber
  • Arabic
  • Amharic
  • Akan
  • Afrikaans
  • Abron

African Countries with African Languages & African Flags | Infographics

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Frequently Asked Questions

What are the main languages spoken in African countries?

In Africa, there is a vast array of languages spoken due to the continent’s cultural and ethnic diversity. Some widely spoken languages include Arabic, English, French, and Swahili. Additionally, numerous indigenous languages are spoken by millions of people, such as Amharic, Hausa, and Yoruba.

What are the most common nationalities in Africa?

Africa is home to 54 recognized countries, each with its own distinct identity and nationality. Some of the most populous nations in Africa include Nigeria, Ethiopia, Egypt, the Democratic Republic of Congo, and South Africa. The nationalities usually correspond with the names of the countries, such as Nigerian, Ethiopian, Egyptian, Congolese, and South African.

Can you name some West African languages?

We sure can! West Africa is a linguistically diverse region with hundreds of languages spoken. Some of the most common West African languages include Hausa, Yoruba, Igbo, Fula, and Wolof. In addition, many West African countries use English, French, and Portuguese as official languages due to their colonial histories.

What are the currencies used in different African countries?

There are various currencies used in African countries, reflecting the diverse economic and political systems on the continent. Some of the commonly known currencies are the Nigerian Naira, South African Rand, Egyptian Pound, Moroccan Dirham, and Kenyan Shilling. Additionally, several countries in West Africa use a shared currency called the West African CFA Franc, while Central African countries use the Central African CFA Franc.

How many countries are there in Africa?

Africa is the second-largest continent in the world and is home to 54 recognized countries. This makes Africa a land of remarkable cultural, linguistic, and geographical diversity, offering a wealth of opportunities for exploration and learning. 

African Countries Vocabulary Practice

1. Flashcard


2. Listening Practice

3. Drag and Drop 


All Countries

Learn useful list of countries with languages, names of countries and nationalities.

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