Arctic Animals: List of Arctic Animals with Interesting Facts & Pictures

What are arctic animals? If you are in a location near the North Pole, you are considered to be in the Arctic region. The Arctic is a region that consists of the northern latitudes — and has several different terrestrial and maritime ecosystems. As a result of this, there are several different arctic animals that inhabit this area. But what are these arctic animals and what else is there to know about them? This article will give a list of arctic animals and describe some of the most common arctic animals with some interesting facts.

Arctic Animals

Arctic AnimalsPin

List of Arctic Animals

Terrestrial Mammals

  • Polar Bear
  • Brown Bear
  • Grizzly Bear
  • Kodiak Bear
  • Moose
  • Reindeer
  • Muskox
  • Arctic Fox
  • Arctic Ground Squirrel
  • Arctic Lemming
  • Arctic Hare
  • Arctic Shrew
  • Arctic Wolf
  • Taiga Vole
  • Tundra Vole
  • Singing Vole
  • Red Fox
  • Muskrat
  • Sable
  • Stoat
  • Brown Lemming
  • Wolverine
  • Gray Wolf

Maritime Mammals

  • Blue Whale
  • Bowhead Whale
  • Sei Whale
  • Fin Whale
  • Humpback Whale
  • Common Minke Whale
  • Northern Bottlenose Whale
  • Sperm Whale
  • Gray Whale
  • Beluga Whale
  • Narwhal
  • Killer Whale
  • Harbor Porpoise
  • Cumberland Sound Beluga
  • Long-Finned Pilot Whale
  • Atlantic White-Sided Dolphin
  • White-Beaked Dolphin
  • Harp Seal
  • Ringed Seal
  • Hooded Seal
  • Ribbon Seal
  • Bearded Seal
  • Spotted Seal
  • Gray Seal
  • Walrus
  • Northern Elephant Seal


  • Arctic Tern
  • King Eider
  • Iceland Gull
  • Ivory Gull
  • Long-tailed Jaeger
  • Pomarine Jaeger
  • Parasitic Jaeger
  • Brant
  • Crested Auklet
  • Least Auklet
  • Little Auk
  • Atlantic Puffin
  • Snowy Owl
  • Arctic Warbler
  • Snow Goose
  • Ruddy Turnstone


  • Arctic Flounder
  • Arctic Char
  • Greenland Cod
  • Greenland Halibut
  • Bering Flounder
  • Viviparous Eelpout
  • Pacific Herring
  • Atlantic Salmon
  • Nelma
  • Capelin
  • Twohorn Sculpin
  • Pink Salmon
  • Pacific Sleeper Shark
  • Liparis montagui
  • Liparis fabricii


  • Arctic Wolf Spider
  • Bees
  • Wasps
  • Butterflies
  • Moths
  • Mosquitoes
  • Flies
  • Ice Worms

Arctic Animals | Facts & Pictures

Polar Bear

The Polar Bear (Ursus maritimus) is the largest carnivore to live on land, with males weighing more than 1,700 pounds.

Polar BearPin

Blue Whale

The Blue Whale (Balaenoptera musculus) is believed to be the largest animal to ever have existed; it can reach 98 feet long and weigh up to 219 tons.

Blue WhalePin

Grizzly Bear

The Grizzly Bear (Ursus arctos horribilis) is a North American subspecies of the Brown Bear; it has 30,000 instances living in Alaska alone. Grizzly Bears like to feed on bass, salmon, and trout, as well as larger animals like moose, elk, and reindeer.

Grizzly BearPin

Arctic Wolf

The Arctic Wolf (Canis lupus arctos) is a subspecies of the Gray Wolf; it lives in northern North America and Greenland. Its diet consists of muskox, reindeer, and Arctic Hares.

Arctic WolfPin


The Reindeer (Rangifer tarandus) is also known as Caribou. It is a large species of deer that can reach 3.9 feet in height at the shoulder and weigh as much as 550 pounds.



The Walrus (Odobenus rosmarus) is a large marine mammal that can weigh more than 4,400 pounds. They are known for their tusks, which are used for fighting other walruses, as well as for pulling themselves up onto the ice in their environment.



The Muskox (Ovibus moschatus) is a large bovine that can grow up to five feet high at the shoulder and weigh up to 800 pounds. It lives in Greenland, Alaska, Canada, and Siberia — and subsists on grass and woody plants.



The Wolverine (Gulo gulo) is a large (with a weight of up to 70 pounds) member of the Mustelidae family — it is closely related to weasels and badgers. This animal has a top speed of 30 miles an hour and can take on other animals (like moose and caribou) many times its size.



The Narwhal (Monodon monoceros) is a large marine mammal that can weigh up to 4,200 pounds and reach up to 17 feet in length. The Narwhal is known for having an elongated tusk (sometimes two) in males, which can reach up to 10 feet in length.


Arctic Char

The Arctic Char (Salvelinus alpinus) is a freshwater fish that is common to Alaska. They can reach up to 10 pounds and subsist on a diet of other fish, insects, and zooplankton.

Arctic CharPin

Atlantic Puffin

The Atlantic Puffin (Fratercula arctica) is a seabird that is native to the Northern Atlantic and Arctic Oceans. It is noted for its black-and-white coat, its brightly colored beak, and hunting behavior — it swims after schools of small fish.

Atlantic PuffinPin

Different Types of Animals

Last Updated on October 31, 2023

Leave a Comment