List of Cat Breeds with Pictures

The reference is designed to teach vocabulary to English learners about cats, their breeds, and unique characteristics. You will explore the list of cat breeds, diving into their appearances, personalities, and lifespans. This should give you a solid foundation in English vocabulary related to cats and their characteristics.

List of Cat Breeds

The cat is from all points of view an excellent life partner: it is tender, affectionate, loves cuddles, but at the same time it is a very independent animal, with a strong character, and which in turn requires affection and respect from our part. He eats what he is offered and loves to take long walks outdoors, even if he manages to live very well in the apartment. It does not require special care, it just needs our love.

List of Cat Breeds with Pictures
List of Cat Breeds with Pictures – Created by 7ESL

Cat Breeds List

  • Abyssinian
  • American Curl
  • American Shorthair
  • American Wirehair
  • Turkish Angora
  • Balinese
  • Bengal
  • Russian Blue
  • American Bobtail
  • Japanese Bobtail
  • Bombay
  • British Shorthair
  • Burmese
  • Carthusian (Chartreux)
  • Chausie
  • Colorpoint Shorthair
  • Cornish Rex
  • Cymric
  • Devon Rex
  • Egyptian Mau
  • Exotic
  • of the Island of Java
  • Havana Brown
  • Highlander
  • Himalayan
  • Khao Manee
  • Korat
  • Kurilian Bobtail
  • LaPerm
  • Maine Coon
  • Manx
  • Munchkin
  • Nebelung
  • Of the Norwegian forest
  • Ocicat
  • Oriental
  • Persian
  • Peterbald
  • Pixiebob
  • Ragamuffin
  • Ragdoll
  • Savannah
  • Scottish Fold
  • Selkirk Rex
  • Siamese
  • Siberian
  • Singapura
  • Snowshoe
  • Sokoke
  • Somali
  • Soriano
  • Sphynx
  • Thai
  • Tonkinese
  • Toyger
  • Turkish Van

Most Popular Cat Breeds


It is one of the most popular cat breeds in the world and attracts attention for its elegance and harmony in its movements, as well as for its gentle nature. Although its name derives from the well-known region of Ethiopia, it was created in Egypt. The name derives from the moment that the first example was recorded during an exhibition in England. For a misunderstanding, it was said that it was brought from the Abyssinian region. It is one of the cats that never grows up, an “eternal puppy” who loves to play all day. Tender, curious, and active, he always requires attention and pampering.


American Shorthair

The American Shorthair is a popular domestic cat breed known for its gentle, easygoing temperament and muscular body. They have a short, dense coat that comes in a wide variety of colors and patterns. This breed is adaptable and good with children, making them an excellent family companion.


The Bengal is a domestic cat breed that originated from crossing an Asian leopard cat with a domestic cat. They have a distinctive coat pattern that resembles a wild cat’s markings, with large, bold spots or marbled patterns. Bengals are highly energetic, intelligent, and require lots of stimulation and playtime.


Birmans are a semi-longhaired cat breed known for their striking blue eyes and soft, silky coat. They are typically cream-colored with darker points on their ears, face, paws, and tail. Birmans are affectionate, gentle, and enjoy the company of humans and other pets.


With its broad, flat face, abundant head, and exotic colors, the Persian cat is one of the most “aristocratic” breeds in existence, since 75% of registered purebred cats are of this same type. Originating from Persia (now Iran), these pets were introduced to Italy in 1620, although the branch we know today emerged as a cross with a Turkish Angora Cat. It is medium to large in size and is known as “the couch tiger”.



The Javanese is a medium-sized cat breed with a long, sleek body and a medium-long coat. They come in a variety of colors and patterns, often with striking points similar to the more well-known Siamese. Javanese cats are intelligent, social, and enjoy interactive play with their owners.


Balinese cats are a longhaired breed closely related to the Siamese, sharing the same elegant body type and striking blue eyes. Their silky, medium-length coat comes in a variety of point colors. Balinese cats are known for their intelligence, vocal nature, and strong bond with their human companions.



Coming from the ancient kingdom of Siam (now Thailand), it was then brought to England and the United States at the end of the 19th century. From the 1950s it began to be more popular thanks to its beauty and slender appearance. One of the main characteristics of the Siamese is the color of its coat (white or beige with dark legs, muzzle, tail, and ears) and its blue eyes.


British Shorthair

The British Shorthair is a medium-to-large, sturdy cat breed with a dense, plush coat. They come in various colors and patterns, but the most well-known is the blue “British Blue” variety. British Shorthairs are calm, affectionate, and adapt well to living with families and other pets.

American Bobtail

American Bobtails are a medium-to-large domestic cat breed known for their naturally short, bobbed tail, which varies in length from one to four inches. They have a sturdy, athletic build and a playful, sociable temperament. American Bobtails have a dense coat that can be either short or medium-long, with multiple colors and patterns possible.

American Curl

The American Curl is a medium-sized cat breed known for their uniquely curled-back ears. They have a slender body and can have either a short or semi-long coat in various colors and patterns. American Curls are affectionate, intelligent, and make wonderful companions for families or single owners.

American Wirehair

The American Wirehair is a medium-sized cat breed with a distinctive wiry, crimped coat texture. They come in multiple colors and patterns, often with a muscular and robust body shape. American Wirehairs are adaptable, friendly, and enjoy spending time with their owners.


The Asian cat breed is a group of cats originating from crossbreeding Burmese with other domestic shorthaired breeds. These cats come in various coat colors and patterns, with a muscular, medium-sized body. Asians are typically active, intelligent, and form strong bonds with their human companions.


Bombay cats are a medium-sized breed with a sleek, muscular body and a deep black, glossy coat. They are known for their large, expressive copper or gold-colored eyes. Bombay cats are highly social, intelligent, and enjoy human interaction.


Burmese cats are a medium-sized breed with a muscular, compact body and a short, glossy coat. They come in various shades of brown, from sable to champagne. Burmese cats are known for their friendly, affectionate nature, and thrive in social environments.


Chartreux cats are a medium-to-large breed with a muscular build and a dense, water-repellent blue-gray coat. They have a charming smile and expressive, round eyes. Chartreux cats are known for their quiet, gentle demeanor and their adaptability to different living situations.


The Chausie is a large domestic cat breed that originated from crossing a jungle cat with domesticated breeds. They have a lean, athletic build, resembling a smaller version of a cougar. Chausies have a short coat that comes in various colors and patterns, including solid, spotted, or marbled. They are highly active, intelligent, and need plenty of stimulation and exercise.

Devon Rex

Devon Rex cats are a unique, medium-sized breed with an impish appearance, characterized by their large, low-set ears and wavy, curly coat. They come in various colors and patterns. Devon Rex cats are highly social, affectionate, and enjoy attention from their human companions.

Oriental Longhair

The Oriental Longhair is a cat breed with a sleek, elongated body and a silky, semi-long coat. They are closely related to the Siamese and share similar facial features and striking blue eyes. Oriental Longhairs are highly intelligent, vocal cats that form strong bonds with their human companions.

Rarest Cat Breeds

These are not just the more expensive cats, such as the Savannah, Bengal, or the Donskoy cat, better known as the Sphynx. Some cat breeds are highly sought after for their particularities: precious creatures that can rarely be encountered if not only seen in feline beauty pageants. That’s why they are called the rarest cat breeds, let’s see what they are.


It was born from the cross between a Serval, a wild feline originally from Africa, and a domestic cat. It is considered the most expensive cat in the world. The price of an example can in fact range from 20 thousand to 115 thousand euros. Beyond its beauty, the Ashera is also a hypoallergenic cat, ideal for those who are allergic to cats. A large cat that can weigh up to 15 kilos.


The Cymric is a very rare cat. It is originally from the British Isle of Man. Its peculiarity is that it has no tail. A degeneration that would have been caused by a reproduction between relatives.


A breed native to the United States, the Snowshoe is descended from the Siamese, the two-tone American Shorthair, and the Sacred of Burma. The name recalls the peculiarity of the white socks that it has on its legs. Only in the 2000s did it appear in Europe.



Initially, it was called Khadzonzos (rind) to recall the particular motif of the geometric designs of the mantle that recall not only the bark of the tree but also the marble. It is a breed originating in Kenya, recognized in 2003 by the Tica (The International Cat Association), with the name of Sokoke. He has a wild character, a very lively cat who loves to climb, and an excellent swimmer.



There are several varieties of LaPerm with short hair, half-long or long hair, wavy or curly. He has a very expressive look and his ears also have curly hair. A very affectionate breed that needs a lot of attention and caresses.



The Munchkin has become quite popular due to its unusual, short-legged morphology. There are two varieties of Munchkin, one with short hair, the other with half long hair. All colors with all possible shades are allowed. The name comes from the movie The Wizard of Oz, where the young heroine Dorothea meets a small-sized people called Munchkins.


Oriental Shorthair

It is a breed that originated in Thailand. The Oriental Shorthair belongs to the Siamese cat family. They have a long-limbed and muscular body. The hair is very fine. Its peculiarity consists in the large and wide ears that are placed in continuity with the triangle of the head. They are a lively and affectionate breed.

Oriental Shorthair

Selkirk Rex

Finally, the Selkirk Rex is known for the peculiarity of curly hair, even his mustache is. He has a robust and muscular morphology. The coat is dense, curly, and very soft, it is nicknamed the sheep cat.

Selkirk Rex

Cat Breeds: List and Popularity

The world of cat breeds is diverse, with each breed offering its unique appearance and personality traits. Many people enjoy discovering the numerous breeds available and selecting the perfect match for their preferences and lifestyles.

Popular Cat Breeds

Some popular cat breeds known for their unique appearance and personalities include:

  • Ragdoll: A gentle and quiet breed with a soft plush coat, often ranked as the top breed in popularity. Ragdolls have intense blue eyes and a mellow disposition, and they can weigh between 10-20 pounds.
  • Exotic Shorthair: Ranked as the second most popular breed, the Exotic Shorthair is beloved for its quiet, sweet nature. With a weight range of 8-14 pounds, they are also easy to care for.
  • British Shorthair: Known for their hefty size and sturdy build, British Shorthairs are friendly and adaptable cats. They have a calm and gentle temperament, making them great companions for various lifestyles.

Abyssinian Cat

The Abyssinian is a sleek, elegant breed known for its striking appearance and playful nature. They are intelligent and active cats, often engaging in games with their owners. Their ticked coat comes in various colors, including ruddy, cinnamon, blue, and fawn.

American Shorthair Cat

The American Shorthair is a classic breed with a friendly and low-maintenance temperament. Known for their shiny, dense coat and muscular build, they make wonderful companions for families and individuals alike. Their broad range of coat colors and patterns means that there’s an American Shorthair to suit every preference.

Purebred Lists and Personalities

Many cat enthusiasts turn to lists of purebred cats to inform their decision about which breed to bring home. Purebred cats often have distinct personalities that can fit specific owner preferences or lifestyles. For example:

  • The Siamese is vocal and social, making it a suitable choice for an owner who enjoys communication and interaction with their cat.
  • The Maine Coon is a gentle giant, known for its size and friendly personality. They can make fitting companions for families with children or other pets.

When selecting a cat breed, it’s essential to consider both the appearance and personality traits of the breeds in question to find the perfect feline companion.

Cat Family and Origins

The cat family, also known as Felidae, consists of 37 species that include a diverse range of wild and domesticated cats. These species inhabit various regions on Earth, with the exception of Australia and Antarctica. Some well-known members of the cat family include cheetahs, jaguars, leopards, lions, lynxes, tigers, and the domestic cat.

Cats have a long history of association with humans, dating back to the origins of agriculture in the Middle East about 9,500 years ago. A significant discovery in southern Cyprus revealed a cat skeleton next to a human skeleton from that time, indicating a close relationship between the two.

In the modern era, there are numerous cat breeds, including established breeds recognized by various cat registries, new and experimental breeds, and even landraces that are in the process of being standardized. Some popular small-sized cat breeds are the Munchkin cat and the Pixie-Bob cat, known for their unique characteristics and care requirements.

Purebred cats are those that have been selectively bred to maintain specific traits, such as the Persian cat, which won the first fancy cat breed competition held at the Crystal Palace in London in 1871. These breeds are crafted by humans to achieve a specific appearance and are often sought by cat enthusiasts for their unique features and personalities.

The cat family is vast and includes many fascinating members, ranging from powerful wild cats to gentle domesticated breeds. Understanding their distinctive traits and origins can help cat lovers appreciate the remarkable diversity within the Felidae family.

Hypoallergenic Cat Breeds

Hypoallergenic cat breeds are those that produce fewer allergens compared to other cats. Although no cat is completely allergen-free, hypoallergenic breeds can be a great option for people with allergies. The allergen, Fel d 1, is a protein found in cat saliva and is less prevalent in these breeds.

Some of the most popular hypoallergenic cat breeds include:

  • Siberian: This medium-sized cat typically weighs between 8-17 pounds and has a lifespan of 10-18 years. Siberians are known for their thick, water-resistant fur, which requires regular brushing. Despite their dense coat, Siberians produce lesser amounts of Fel d 1 protein, making them a popular choice for allergy sufferers.
  • Russian Blue: These elegant cats have a distinct, plush blue coat and engaging green eyes. They are intelligent, gentle, and can be quite reserved. They produce lower amounts of Fel d 1 protein, which makes them a suitable option for people with mild cat allergies.
  • Bengal: Bengal cats are energetic, playful hybrids of domestic cats and Asian leopard cats. They are known for their striking appearance, resembling a miniature wild cat. Bengals are considered hypoallergenic because they produce fewer allergens due to their fine coats that require minimal grooming.
  • Sphynx: The hairless Sphynx is often associated with being a hypoallergenic breed. Although they lack fur, Sphynx cats still need regular grooming to keep their skin clean and healthy. As they do not shed, their allergens are less likely to be spread around the home.
  • Devon Rex: The Devon Rex is known for its short, curly coat and large ears, giving it a unique appearance. Their coats are low shedding, which contributes to reducing allergens in the environment. However, they still require regular grooming to prevent oils from building up on their skin.
  • Cornish Rex: Similar to the Devon Rex, the Cornish Rex also has a short, wavy coat, and large ears. They produce fewer allergens due to their low-shedding coat, making them a suitable option for allergy sufferers.

It is important to note that individual reactions to cats may vary, even amongst hypoallergenic breeds. Before adopting a hypoallergenic cat, it is recommended to spend time with the breed to determine how your allergies react. Remember, selecting a hypoallergenic cat breed can help minimize allergic reactions but may not entirely eliminate them.