Nature Vocabulary Words


For many people nature is a favorite topic to discuss, this could be for reasons related to your school studies or your job or it might simply be because you have a passion for nature and wish to talk about it. Not only this but when learning to speak English, it is very beneficial to watch TV shows and read articles and newspapers in order to improve your comprehension. In many of these media items, you are likely to come across many nature words and understanding these can help you to better understand what you are seeing or reading.

Nature Vocabulary Words

Nature Words List

  • Canal
  • Bridge
  • Dam
  • Lighthouse
  • Island
  • Bay
  • Riverbank
  • Beach
  • Sea
  • Ocean
  • Coast
  • Ground
  • Dune
  • Desert
  • Cliff
  • Park
  • Meadow
  • Jungle
  • Forest
  • Glacier
  • Land
  • Hill
  • Field
  • Grass
  • Soil
  • Sea shell
  • Mushroom
  • Pebble
  • Rock
  • Stone
  • Smoke
  • Pond
  • River
  • Wave
  • Sky
  • Water
  • Tree
  • Plant
  • Moss
  • Flower
  • Bush
  • Sand
  • Mud
  • Stars
  • Planet
  • Mine
  • Path
  • Road
  • Tunnel
  • Volcano
  • Cave

Learn these nature words in English to improve your English.

Nature Words: Useful Nature Vocabulary in English Nature Words: Useful Nature Vocabulary in English

Nature Words with Pictures and Examples


A man-made waterway used for transportation or irrigation.

  • Example: The canal was used to transport goods from one city to another.


A structure that spans over a physical obstacle, such as a river or valley.

  • Example: The bridge allowed us to cross the river safely.


A barrier built to hold back water and create a reservoir.

  • Example: The dam provided hydroelectric power to the nearby city.


A tower with a bright light used to guide ships at sea.

  • Example: The lighthouse warned ships of the rocky coast ahead.


A landmass completely surrounded by water.

  • Example: The island was a popular tourist destination.


A body of water partially enclosed by land.

  • Example: The bay provided a safe harbor for ships during storms.


The land on either side of a river.

  • Example: We sat on the riverbank and watched the boats go by.


A sandy or pebbly shore by the ocean or a lake.

  • Example: We spent the day relaxing on the beach and swimming in the ocean.


A large body of saltwater that is smaller than an ocean.

  • Example: The sea was calm and peaceful.


The vast body of saltwater that covers most of the Earth’s surface.

  • Example: The ocean is home to many different species of marine life.


The land along the edge of a sea or ocean.

  • Example: The coast was rugged and beautiful.


The surface of the Earth that is not covered by water.

  • Example: The ground was covered in a blanket of snow.


A hill of sand formed by wind or water.

  • Example: The children climbed to the top of the dune and slid down on their sleds.


A dry, barren region with little or no vegetation.

  • Example: The desert was hot and inhospitable.


A steep rock face that drops off abruptly.

  • Example: The hikers climbed to the top of the cliff for a stunning view of the ocean.


A public area of land set aside for recreational use.

  • Example: The park was filled with families enjoying a picnic.


A grassy field, often used for grazing livestock.

  • Example: The cows grazed peacefully in the meadow.


A dense forest in a tropical region.

  • Example: The jungle was filled with exotic plants and animals.


A large area covered with trees and underbrush.

  • Example: The hikers explored the forest and discovered a hidden waterfall.


A large mass of ice that moves slowly over land.

  • Example: The glacier carved out the valley over thousands of years.


The solid part of the Earth’s surface that is not covered by water.

  • Example: The farmer worked the land to grow crops.


A raised area of land that is lower than a mountain.

  • Example: The children climbed to the top of the hill and rolled down.


An area of land used for growing crops or grazing animals.

  • Example: The farmer planted corn in the field.


A green plant with narrow leaves that grows in fields and lawns.

  • Example: The cows ate the grass in the meadow.


The upper layer of the Earth’s surface, consisting of organic and inorganic material.

  • Example: The farmer tested the soil to determine its nutrient content.

Sea shell

The hard outer covering of a marine animal, often found on beaches.

  • Example: The child collected sea shells on the beach.


A fleshy, spore-bearing fungus that grows above ground.

  • Example: The hiker found a wild mushroom growing in the forest.


A small, smooth stone found on the ground or in bodies of water.

  • Example: The child skipped pebbles across the surface of the lake.


A solid, naturally occurring mineral material.

  • Example: The hiker climbed to the top of the rock for a better view.


A small piece of rock that is used for building or decoration.

  • Example: The mason used stones to build the wall.


A visible suspension of particles in the air, typically caused by burning.

  • Example: The chimney emitted a plume of smoke into the sky.


A small body of still water, usually smaller than a lake.

  • Example: The children caught frogs in the pond.


A large, flowing body of water that empties into a sea or ocean.

  • Example: The fisherman cast his line into the river to catch trout.


A ridge of water that moves across the surface of a body of water.

  • Example: The surfer rode the wave to the shore.


The expanse of space above the Earth’s surface, including the atmosphere and outer space.

  • Example: The stars twinkled in the sky at night.


A clear, colorless liquid that is essential for life.

  • Example: The child drank a glass of water to quench his thirst.


A tall perennial plant with a single stem or trunk, supporting branches and leaves.

  • Example: The birds nested in the branches of the tree.


A living organism that typically grows in soil and produces its own food through photosynthesis.

  • Example: The gardener planted a variety of plants in the flower bed.


A small, soft, non-vascular plant that typically grows in damp or shady locations.

  • Example: The rocks were covered in a thick layer of moss.


The reproductive structure of a flowering plant, typically brightly colored and fragrant.

  • Example: The garden was filled with a variety of flowers.


A woody plant with multiple stems, usually smaller than a tree.

  • Example: The birds nested in the bush.


A granular material composed of finely divided rock and mineral particles.

  • Example: The children built sandcastles on the sand.


A soft, wet earthy material, typically consisting of a mixture of soil and water.

  • Example: The hiker’s boots got stuck in the mud.


A luminous sphere of plasma held together by its own gravity, emitting light and heat.

  • Example: The astronomer studied the stars with his telescope.


A celestial body that orbits a star and is not a satellite of a planet.

  • Example: Earth is a planet in the solar system.


An excavation in the earth for extracting coal, minerals, and other geological materials.

  • Example: The miners worked in the mine to extract gold.


A way or track laid down for walking or made by continual treading.

  • Example: The hiker followed the path through the forest.


A wide way leading from one place to another, especially one with a specially prepared surface.

  • Example: The cars drove along the road to get to the city.


An underground passage created by digging through soil, rock, or other material.

  • Example: The train traveled through the tunnel to get to the other side of the mountain.


A mountain or hill, typically conical, having a crater or vent through which lava, rock fragments, hot vapor, and gas are being or have been erupted from the earth’s crust.

  • Example: The volcano erupted, spewing ash and lava into the air.


A natural underground chamber or series of chambers, typically accessible only by a narrow opening.

  • Example: The spelunkers explored the cave and discovered a hidden underground lake.

100 Common Nature Words

List of 100 common words about the Natural World in English

  1. Nature
  2. Earth
  3. Environment
  4. Wildlife
  5. Forest
  6. Ocean
  7. River
  8. Mountain
  9. Jungle
  10. Desert
  11. Valley
  12. Island
  13. Lake
  14. Beach
  15. Trees
  16. Animals
  17. Birds
  18. Fish
  19. Flowers
  20. Plants
  21. Grass
  22. Fauna
  23. Sky
  24. Landscape
  25. Grasslands
  26. Climate
  27. Rainforest
  28. Ecosystem
  29. Biome
  30. Terrain
  31. Fertile
  32. Soil
  33. Vegetation
  34. Natural resources
  35. Flora
  36. Ecological
  37. Diverse
  38. Biodiversity
  39. Habitat
  40. Endangered
  41. Extinct
  42. Conservation
  43. Renewable
  44. Non-renewable
  45. Water cycle
  46. Weather
  47. Climate change
  48. Global warming
  49. Air pollution
  50. Land pollution
  51. Ocean pollution
  52. Deforestation
  53. Renewable energy
  54. Solar power
  55. Wind power
  56. Hydro power
  57. Geothermal energy
  58. Biomass energy
  59. Sustainability
  60. Recycling
  61. Carbon footprint
  62. Greenhouse gases
  63. Climate action
  64. Renewable sources
  65. Natural disasters
  66. Earthquakes
  67. Hurricanes
  68. Tornadoes
  69. Tsunamis
  70. Floods
  71. Wildfires
  72. Droughts
  73. Avalanches
  74. Landslides
  75. Thunderstorms
  76. Winter storms
  77. Heatwaves
  78. Tornadoes
  79. Hailstorms
  80. Cloud formations
  81. Meteorology
  82. Weather patterns
  83. Barometer
  84. Hygrometer
  85. Anemometer
  86. Altimeter
  87. Thermometer
  88. Atmosphere
  89. Air pressure
  90. Humidity
  91. Precipitation
  92. Snowfall
  93. Rainfall
  94. Sunshine
  95. Shadows
  96. Daylight
  97. Solar eclipses
  98. Lunar eclipses
  99. Stars
  100. Planets

Nature Words | Images

Nature Vocabulary in English | Nature Words Picture 1

Nature Vocabulary in English | Nature Words Picture 2

Nature Vocabulary Words Video