You can jump to any section of this lesson:
What are Comparatives?
Comparatives are used to compare and clarify the difference between two nouns. In other words, comparative adjectives are used when two persons or objects being compared.
Forming the Comparative Adjective
1. Form the comparative forms of a one-syllable adjective by adding –er.
- long – longer
- tall – taller
2. If the one-syllable adjective ends with an e, just add –r for the comparative form.
- cute – cuter
- large – larger
3. Add –er to adjectives that end in consonant-vowel-consonant and double the last consonant.
- big – bigger
- hot – hotter
1. With most two-syllable adjectives, you form the comparative with more.
- honest – more honest
- famous – more famous
2. If the two-syllable adjectives ends with –y, change the y to i and add –er for the comparative form.
- happy – happier
- crazy – crazier
3. Two-syllable adjectives ending in –er, –le, or –ow take –er to form the comparative forms.
- narrow – narrower
- gentle – gentler
Adjectives with three or more syllables
Add more to adjectives that has 3 or more syllables.
- expensive – more expensive
- difficult – more difficult
- good – better
- bad – worse
- far – farther
- little – less
- many – more
NOTE: When comparative adjectives are used, the word “THAN” appears after the adjective.