Comparative Adjectives: Definition, Rules & Useful Examples 1

Comparative Adjectives: Definition, Rules & Useful Examples

Comparative Adjectives! Learn how to use and form comparatives in English with useful grammar rules, ESL pictures and example sentences.

Comparative Adjectives

Comparative Definition

Comparatives are used to compare and clarify the difference between two nouns. In other words, comparative adjectives are used when two persons or objects being compared.

Comparative Adjectives | Forming Comparatives

Forming Comparative Adjectives

One-syllable Adjectives

1. Form the comparative forms of a one-syllable adjective by adding –er.

Examples:

  • long – longer
  • tall – taller

2. If the one-syllable adjective ends with an e, just add –r for the comparative form.

Examples:

  • cute – cuter
  • large – larger

3. Add –er to adjectives that end in consonant-vowel-consonant and double the last consonant.

Examples:

  • big – bigger
  • hot – hotter

Two-syllable Adjectives

1. With most two-syllable adjectives, you form the comparative with more.

Examples:

  • honest – more honest
  • famous – more famous

2. If the two-syllable adjectives ends with –y, change the y to i and add –er for the comparative form.

Examples:

  • happy – happier
  • crazy – crazier

3. Two-syllable adjectives ending in –er, le, or ow take –er to form the comparative forms.

Examples:

  • narrow – narrower
  • gentle – gentler

Adjectives with Three or More Syllables

Add more to adjectives that has 3 or more syllables.

Examples:

  • expensive – more expensive
  • difficult – more difficult

Irregular Adjectives

  • good – better
  • bad – worse
  • far – farther
  • little – less
  • many – more

NOTE: When comparative adjectives are used, the word “THAN” appears after the adjective.

Comparative Examples

List of affirmative and comparative adjectives in English.

Examples of Comparative Adjectives
AffirmativeComparative
slowslower
fastfaster
cheapcheaper
clearclearer
loudlouder
newnewer
richricher
shortshorter
thickthicker
oldolder
talltaller
largelarger
widewider
wisewiser
nicenicer
bigbigger than
fatfatter than
fitfitter than
politemore polite than
helpfulmore helpful than
usefulmore useful than
obscuremore obscure
hungryhungrier than
happyhappier than
prettyprettier than
heavyheavier than
angryangrier than
dirtydirtier than
funnyfunnier than
narrownarrower than
shallowshallower than
humblehumbler than
gentlegentler than
clevercleverer than
interestingmore interesting than
comfortablemore comfortable than
beautifulmore beautiful than
difficultmore difficult than
dangerousmore dangerous than
expensivemore expensive than
popularmore popular than
complicatedmore complicated than
confidentmore confident than
goodbetter than
badworse than
farfarther than
littleless than
much/manymore than
stupidless stupid than

 

Forming Comparatives | Images

Comparative Adjectives

Comparative Adjectives!!! Learn how to use and form Comparatives in English with useful grammar rules and example sentences. 

Adjectives in English Grammar

List of useful lessons about adjectives in English.

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