Learn how to use demonstrative adjectives and pronouns in English. When a noun or nouns need to be identified, especially in a spatial or positional context, a demonstrative adjective is used.
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What are demonstrative adjectives?
The demonstrative adjectives are this, that, these, and those. They are used to point out specific people or things.
This train conveys passengers to London.
That dog is so adorable.
These cakes are very quick and easy to make.
Those shoes fit me very well.
This & That
- This and that are used to modify singular nouns.
- This to indicate someone or something near the speaker.
This car is cheap.
- That indicate someone or something far from the speaker.
That man irritates me!
These & Those
- These and those are used to modify plural nouns.
- These to indicate someone or something near the speaker.
These tomatoes is fresh.
- Those to indicate someone or something far from the speaker.
Do not approach those cat.
Difference between Demonstrative Adjectives and Demonstrative Pronouns
The demonstrative pronouns are the same words as the demonstrative adjectives (this, that, these, and those). They are also used to point out specific people or things. However, they do not modify nouns or pronouns. They stand alone as pronouns.
This is an enormous field.
Can you see that?
These are my suitcases.
Do not approach those.