Determiner: Definition, Types, List and Useful Examples of Determiners

A determiner is a word which is used to introduce a noun or a noun phrase. You will come across these very often when studying the English language and it is very important that you are aware of how to incorporate them into your own speech.

In this section, we will be looking at the different determiner types such as articles, demonstratives and possessives and how they can be used. This will help you in selecting the correct determiner for the noun in any given conversation.

What Is a Determiner?

What is a determiner? Learn different types of determiners in English with meaning, list and example sentences.

An important role in English grammar is played by determiners – words or phrases that precede a noun or noun phrase and serve to express its reference in the context / to give more information about the noun.

The most common of these are the definite and indefinite articles, the and a, an. Other determiners in English include demonstratives such as this and that, possessives such as my and the boy’s, and quantifiers such as all, many and three.

Types of Determiners

The following is a rough classification of determiners used in English, including both words and phrases:

Determiners - Types of Determiners

What Is a Determiner?

Determiners - Types of Determiners | List, Definition, Examples

Definite Determiners

Which imply that the referent of the resulting noun phrase is defined specifically:

1. The definite article the.

Example: The girl, all the factories, the red wine

2. The demonstrative adjectives

Examples: this, that, these, those

3. Possessive adjectives

Examples: my, your, his, her, its, our, their, whoseone’s, everybody’s, Cindy’s, Linda’s, a boy’s, the man we saw yesterday’s.

4. Interrogatives

Examples: which, what (these can be followed by -ever for emphasis).

5. Relative determiners: which, whichever and whatever…

Example: Whichever way you look at it, things are pretty bad.

Indefinite Determiners

1. The indefinite article

Example: a or an

2. The word some

Used as an equivalent of the indefinite article with plural and non-count nouns.

3. The strong form of some

Example: Some people pretend to despise the things they cannot have.

4. The word any

Often used in negative and interrogative contexts in place of the article -equivalent some (and sometimes also with singular count nouns). It can also be used to express alternative.

Quantifiers

1. Words indicating a large or small quantity and their comparative and superlative forms

Examples: much/many, little/few, more, most, less/fewer, least/fewest.

2. Phrases expressing similar meanings to the above.

Examples: a lot of, lots of, plenty of, a great deal of, tons of, etc.

3. Words and phrases expressing some unspecified or probably quite small amount

Examples: a few/a little (learners often confuse these with few/little), several, a couple of, a bit of, a number of, etc.

4. Cardinal numbers

Examples: zero (quite rare as determiner), one, two, etc.

5. Other phrases expressing precise quantity

Examples: a pair of, five liters of, etc.

6. Words and phrases expressing multiples or fractions

Examples: half, half of, double, twice, three times, twice as much, etc.

7. Words expressing maximum, sufficient or zero quantity

Examples: all, both, enough, sufficient, no.

Note that many of these quantifiers can be modified by adverbs and adverbial phrases such as almost, over, more than, less than, when the meaning is appropriate.

Personal Determiners

The words you and we/us, in phrases like we teachers; you guys can be analysed as determiners.

Examples:

  • I thought you guys all wore those penguin coats.
  • Us girls wear woolen socks in winter.

These examples can be contrasted with a similar but different use of pronouns in an appositional construction, where the use of other pronouns is also permitted but the pronouns cannot be preceded by the (pre-) determiner “all”.

Examples:

  • I/we, the undersigned, . . . , 
  • We, the undersigned, . . . , (but not All we, the undersigned, . . .)

Other Cases

1. The words such and exclamative what

These are followed by an indefinite article when used with a singular noun.

Examples:

  • Such a long way.
  • What a disaster!

2. Noun phrases used as determiners

Example: This color and what size (as in I don’t like the color furniture; What size shirt does he wear?)

Zero Determiners

In some contexts a complete noun phrase can exist without any determiner (or with “zero determiner”). The main types of such cases are:

1. With plural or uncountable nouns used to refer to a concept or members of a class generally

Examples:

  • Cars are useful. (but the cars when specific cars are being referred to)
  • Happiness is contagious. (but the happiness when specific happiness is referred to, as in the happiness that laughter engenders…)

2. With plural or uncountable nouns used to refer to some unspecified amount of something

Examples:

  • There are dogs under the table.
  • Do you take milk in your tea?

3. With many proper names

Examples: Tom Smith, Birmingham, Italy, Jupiter, Mars, Paris, Thomas Johnson

4. With singular common nouns in some common expressions

Examples: smiling from ear to ear, leaving town today.

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Arun Kumar Pandey
Arun Kumar Pandey
1 year ago

My this book is costly.

Arun Kumar Pandey
Arun Kumar Pandey
1 year ago

My this book is costly. Is this statement correct

ukenosa
ukenosa
1 year ago

I think that is an expression with an interjection. If the complete thought were written out, it would be “Oh my! This book is costly.”

Pooshit
Pooshit
11 months ago

My / this / book
“my” = possessive determiner = central determiner
“this” = demonstrative determiner = central determiner

“only 1 central determiner allowed”.
For example : “My” book or “This” book

This book of mine is costly. = My this book is costly.

Kavitagautam2@gmail.com
Kavitagautam2@gmail.com
1 year ago

I have _________more style. Some may_______ your ttest.

Jessica saunders
Jessica saunders
10 months ago

I dont think these answers are correct

a........diment
a........diment
6 months ago

hi it is ………. the worst thing in the park but i like it any way 8 out of 10

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