What is the meaning of prefix dis? The following article introduces the definition of prefix and dis prefix with the histories of the word. You will also learn several similar prefixes with dis such as prefix mis-, prefix un-, etc. Now, let’s take a look!
A prefix is a word, number or letter that is placed before something else. One of the most common places that we see a prefix used in numbers is the first three digits of your phone number. So if my phone number is 555-4200, the “555” is the prefix. It is the part that “comes before” the final set of numbers.
The Prefix Dis Meaning
Prefixes are also used in language. One of the most common prefixes is “dis,” which is a Latin prefix that can be used to reverse the meaning of a word. You can use any of the following to specifically describe it:
- Lack of, or not,
When you add “dis” to a word you are often reversing the meaning. Some examples are:
- Honest – dishonest,
- Allow – disallow,
- Trust – distrust,
- Similar – dissimilar,
- Respect – disrespect,
- Please – displease.
But what about when “dis” is used in a word and it does not seem to directly reverse it? In many cases, you need to look at the origin and meaning of the word itself. A perfect example of this is the word “discover.”
“Discover” means to find, reveal, expose, or lay open. But in modern English, we generally use the word “cover” in a slightly different way. Most often, people will say things like:
- The cover of the book has beautiful artwork.
- I put the cover back on the plastic case.
- I covered myself with blankets.
We are using “cover” to describe something that is on top of something else. But the word “cover” actually originates from Old French and means to protect or conceal. That definition still fits with our modern usage (you “covered” yourself with blankets to protect you from the cold), we just no longer make the direct connection.
As a result, we might say that we “discovered the necklace my grandmother hid in the attic.” We probably would not say that our “grandmother covered the necklace in the attic.”
Similar Prefixes to the Prefix Dis
“Dis” is similar to the prefix “mis,” which can mean badly, unfavorably, or wrongly. In some cases, “dis” and “mis” are interchangeable. For example: trust – distrust – mistrust. Unfortunately, you cannot just substitute “dis” for “mis.” You could not say, “mishonest,” “misallow,” or “missimilar.”
The prefix “un” is also similar to “dis,” but as with “mis,” you cannot simply substitute one prefix for another. “Un” indicates negation or reversal such as:
- Happy – unhappy
- Wind – unwind
- Available – unavailable.
You can add either “dis” or “un” to some words such as “organized.” Both “disorganized” and “unorganized” are words that have very similar meanings. “Disorganized,” however, is usually used to describe people, while “unorganized” is usually used to describe a thing or place. For example:
- Jake is disorganized: he can never find his cell-phone.
- There is paperwork all over Jake’s office: it is very unorganized.
Although both “mis” and “un” are prefixes that are similar to “dis,” in most cases, you cannot simply substitute one for the other. They all add a reverse, or negative context to a word, but they are used differently in language.
In many cases, the prefix “dis” is used to reverse the meaning of a word. It is also used to describe a lack or removal of something.