List of endangered animals! There are many millions of animals in the world and a vast variety of different species. However, while the majority of animals thrive, there are a number of species whose numbers are in decline and are classed as being endangered.
What are Endangered Animals
Endangered animals are species of animals that are at serious risk of dying out due to a declining population. If that happens then they could become extinct which would mean that there would be none of those animals left in the world. Animals are officially classed as endangered when there are less than 2,500 adults of that species in the world.
There are many reasons that a species could become endangered. This could be through changes to their natural habitat through natural reasons such as a change of climate, forest fires, flooding or through the growth and development of humans and our construction of roads, buildings, business development etc. Disease can also play a part in the decline of species, as can pollution, hunting, or overfishing.
Types of Endangered Animals
There are several types of classification which animals can be when they are on the endangered species list. There is critically endangered which are animals that have an extremely severe chance of dying out and becoming extinct. This is the highest / worst level which is the area of most concern if a species is classed as being critically endangered. Animals are classed as critically endangered when their numbers have reduced by around 90% over a ten year period.
The next level down from critically endangered is simply endangered, which is when there is a serious risk of the species dying out. Below that level is vulnerable which means that there is still a high chance of the species becoming extinct, but the threat level is not as serious as the two types above it. After vulnerable it moves down to near threatened and least concern.
List of Endangered Animals
- Black Rhino
- Asian Elephant
- Indian Elephant
- Giant Panda
- African Wild Dog
- Green Turtle
- Blue Whale
- Great White Shark
- Mountain Gorilla
- Sea Lions
- Leatherback Turtle
- Loggerhead Turtle
Endangered Animals with Interesting Facts
- The Ganges river dolphin cannot live in sea water – it can only live in freshwater.
- Chimpanzees can live to be over fifty years old.
- Chimpanzees use leaves to mop up drinking water.
- The right hand side of the bottom jaw of a Fin Whale is white, while the left is black.
- When hunting, tigers don’t rely on their sense of smell but instead use their eyesight and hearing.
- Tigers are extremely solitary animals.
- The dugon is also known as a “sea cow”.
- The Great White shark has three hundred teeth.
- Hippos are also known as “river horses”.
- It is estimated that there are only ninety two Irrawaddy dolphins left in the world.
- Mountain gorillas have much thicker fur than other types of ape. This helps to protect them from the freezing temperatures of the mountains where they live.
- Bluefin tuna can dive at a depth greater than 3,000 feet.
- Bluefin tuna can live to forty years old.
- There are three different types of bluefin tuna and the Atlantic tuna is the biggest and the most endangered.
- The blue whale is the largest animal in the world and can grow to be up to 100 feet long.
- The Amur leopard is a type of leopard that lives in the far east of Russia in forest and mountain regions.
- The red panda is just a bit bigger than a domestic cat.
- Whale sharks feed on plankton.
- There are two types of orangutan – the Bornean and the Sumatrean – and both are endangered.
- The African elephant can hear another elephant from 2.5 miles away.
- Elephants only give birth once in around every four years.
- When hunting and diving, the bald eagle can reach a top speed of around 100mph and they can also fly to a height of approx 10,000 feet.
- When bald eagle chicks are born, they are covered in feathers that are a light grey color.
- The Greater One-Horned rhino has skin that looks like armor.
- Pandas rarely eat anything other than bamboo and because of the destruction of their natural habitat this is a major factor in why they are on the endangered list.