English Conjunctions | Types of Conjunctions

A complete guide to English conjunctions: grammar rules and examples.

What is a Conjunction?

In grammar, an English conjunction is a part of speech that connects two words, phrases or clauses together. You can use a conjunction to link words, phrases, and clauses, as in the following example:

  • The park is empty now, but it will be filled with children after school.
  • You can stay on the bus until you reach London.

Types of English Conjunctions

There are three types of conjunctions: Coordinating Conjunctions, Correlative Conjunctions and Subordinating Conjunctions.
English Conjunctions | Types of Conjunctions

Coordinating Conjunctions

We use a coordinating conjunctionfor,” “and,” “nor,” “but,” “or,” “yet” or “so” to join individual words, phrases, and independent clauses.

An easy way to remember these six conjunctions is to think of the word FANBOYS. Each of the letters in this somewhat unlikely word is the first letter of one of the coordinating conjunctions.

Subordinating Conjunctions

A subordinating conjunction is a word which joins together a dependent clause and an independent clause.

Common subordinating conjunctions: afterasas far asas ifas long asas soon asas thoughbecausebeforeeven ifeven thoughevery timeifin order thatsincesoso thatthanthoughunlessuntilwhile, whenwheneverwherewhereas, wherever, and although.

Correlative Conjunctions

Correlative conjunctions are pairs of conjunctions which work together to coordinate two items. They always appear in pairs.

There are many different pairs of correlative conjunctions:

  • either…or
  • not only…but (also)
  • neither…nor
  • both…and
  • whether…or
  • just as…so
  • the…the
  • as…as
  • as much…as
  • no sooner…than
  • rather…than

Correlative conjunctions consist simply of a coordinating conjunction linked to an adjective or adverb.

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