What are English pronouns?
One of the nine parts of speech in the English is the pronoun.
In English grammar, pronoun is a word that substitutes for a noun or noun phrase.
Types of Pronouns
English Pronouns can be divided into several categories: personal, indefinite, reflexive, reciprocal, possessive, demonstrative, interrogative and relative.
There are two types of personal pronouns: subject and object.
When the person or thing is the subject of the sentence, subject pronouns are used.
I like to watch TV, but he does not.
Object pronouns are used when the person or thing is the object of the sentence.
Sophia likes me but not him.
Reflexive pronouns are used when a person or thing acts on itself.
She tried it herself.
Tom hurt himself.
In English they all end in –self or –selves and must refer to a noun phrase elsewhere in the same clause.
Possessive pronouns are used to indicate possession or ownership. They are: mine, yours, his, hers, ours, yours, theirs.
Do you see that woman over there? Her dog is very friendly.
Is that your house? No, ours is the one beside it.
The demonstrative pronouns are the same words as the demonstrative adjectives (this, that, these, and those). They often distinguish their targets by pointing or some other indication of position. They can be either near or far in distance or time, specifically.
This is an enormous field.
Can you see that?
These are delicious cookies.
An indefinite pronoun is a pronoun that refers to non-specific beings, objects, or places. Indefinite Pronouns can also function as other parts of speech too, depending on context.
I don’t want anyone to see it.
Is there anything in that box?
You can’t blame him for everything.
A relative pronoun is a pronoun that relates to the word that it modifies and is not specific. In English, relative pronouns are who, whom, which, whose, and that. They refer back to people or things previously mentioned, and they are used in relative clauses.
The woman who called yesterday wants to buy the house.
Now they were driving by the houses which Andy had described.
She is an artist whose work I really admire.