Pronoun: Definition, Rules, List of Pronouns with Examples

English Pronouns List! What is a pronoun? Learn a useful list of pronouns in English with different types of pronouns, example sentences and ESL printable worksheets. One of the most important forms of grammar in the English language is the pronoun. This is something that you will come across very frequently when studying the language and it is important that you are aware of what a pronoun is, how it is used and where it fits into a sentence. In this article, we are going to be taking a look at how pronouns work and what they are used for, this will be intertwined with some examples so that we can gain a better understanding of their function.

What Is A Pronoun?

What is a pronoun in English grammar? One of the nine parts of speech in the English language is the pronoun. In English grammar, pronoun is a word that substitutes for a noun or noun phrase.

In the most simple terms, a pronoun is a word which takes the position of a noun. One of the most commonly recognised forms of the pronoun are names of people, for example John, Jill, Mary or Peter. However, a pronoun could also be one of the following words:

  • He/she
  • It
  • They
  • Me
  • Himself
  • Somebody/everybody/anybody
  • Many
  • Each
  • Few
  • Whoever/who

pronoun is used instead of a noun or noun phrase in a sentence. A pronoun may take place of the name of a person, place or thing.

Pronoun examples: I, me, we, they, you, he, she, it, yours, himself, ourselves, its, my, that, this, those, us, who, whom…

There are many more examples of pronouns, and you might think of them as pointing towards possession. As we mentioned, the pronoun is used as a way of replacing a noun, take a look at the following sentence:

The couch is large, the cupboard is heavy.

There is no need to use the word couch in the second part of the sentence, therefore it could be replaced with a pronoun now that we recognise what item is being talked about, take a look at the modified sentence which uses the pronoun it.

The couch is large, it is heavy.

Types of Pronouns and List of Pronouns – Image 1

English Pronouns! What is a pronoun? Learn useful list of pronouns in English with different types of pronouns, example sentences and ESL printable worksheets. 

Types of Pronouns with Examples

English Pronouns can be divided into several categories: personal, indefinite, reflexive, reciprocal, possessive, demonstrative, interrogative, reciprocal and relative.

Learn types of pronouns in English with examples. We briefly discussed some of the different words that are classed as pronouns, however there are also different types of pronoun. Most often, pronouns fall into one of nine categories. We will now take a look at each of these.

Personal Pronouns

This type of pronoun is used to refer to a person, in this category you will see words such as I, we, you, they, he, she, …

  • I have green eyes.
  • They are coming to my house.
  • You are my friend.

There are two types of personal pronounssubject and object.

When the person or thing is the subject of the sentence, subject pronouns are used.

Subject pronoun list: I, you, he, she, it, we, they.

Subject pronoun examples:

  • I like to watch TV, but he does not.
  • You cannot judge a tree by its bark.
  • She struck him on the nose.
  • He studies hard to pass the exam.

Object pronouns are used when the person or thing is the object of the sentence.

Object pronoun list: me, you, him, her, it, us, you, them.

Examples:

  • Sophia likes me but not him.
  • John will call you soon.
  • Don’t tell her the truth.
  • I helped him pull his boots off.

Personal Pronouns

Reflexive Pronouns

The reflexive pronoun will end in -self or -selves and is used in reference to another pronoun. Words within the category are himself, herself, themselves, yourself/ves, myself, itself.

  • He takes care of himself.
  • She can do it by herself.
  • You could travel by yourself.

In English, reflexive pronouns are used when a person or thing acts on itself.

Reflexive pronoun list: myself, yourself, himself, herself, itself, ourselves, yourselves, themselves.

Examples:

  • She tried it herself.
  • Tom hurt himself.

In English they all end in –self or –selves and must refer to a noun phrase elsewhere in the same clause.

Possessive Pronouns

In English, possessive pronouns are used to indicate possession or ownership. They are: mine, yours, his, hers, ours, yours, theirs.

Possessive pronoun list: mine, yours, his, hers, ours, yours, theirs.

Examples:

  • Do you see that woman over there? Her dog is very friendly.
  • Is that your house? No, ours is the one beside it.
  • his is my laptop. It’s mine.
  • These books are mine, not yours.
  • This is my brother ‘s book. It’s his.

Possessive Pronouns

Demonstrative Pronouns

This type of pronoun is used to indicate something, the words in the category are these, those, that, this.

  • These are the shoes that I am going to wear.
  • He likes the green flowers but he prefers those red ones over there.
  • I would like that one.

The demonstrative pronouns are the same words as the demonstrative adjectives (thisthatthese, and those). They often distinguish their targets by pointing or some other indication of position. They can be either near or far in distance or time, specifically.

Demonstrative pronoun list: this, that, these, those.

Pronoun examples:

  • This is an enormous field.
  • Can you see that?
  • These are delicious cookies.

Indefinite Pronouns

The indefinite pronoun is used to talk about something which is not specific. Words in the category are some, all, few, none, either, one, nobody, both, each, anyone, several etc.

  • Nobody is going to the party.
  • There are several people in my class.
  • I like both of these photos.

An indefinite pronoun is a pronoun that refers to non-specific beings, objects, or places. Indefinite Pronouns can also function as other parts of speech too, depending on context.

Indefinite Pronoun List: another, anybody/ anyone, anything, each, either, enough, everybody/ everyone, everything,…

Pronoun examples:

  • I don’t want anyone to see it.
  • Is there anything in that box?
  • You can’t blame him for everything.
  • Each company is fighting to protect its own commercial interests.
  • Much has happened since we met.
  • No one can cope with her in English.

Indefinite Pronouns

Relative Pronouns

This type of pronoun can be used as a way of giving additional information within a sentence, pronouns in this category are that, who, which, whom…

  • This is my brother who lives in New Zealand.
  • This is the ball that my dog likes best.

relative pronoun is a pronoun that relates to the word that it modifies and is not specific. In English, relative pronouns are whowhomwhichwhose, and that. They refer back to people or things previously mentioned, and they are used in relative clauses.

Relative pronoun list: who, whom, which, whose, that.

Pronoun examples:

  • The woman who called yesterday wants to buy the house.
  • Now they were driving by the houses which Andy had described.
  • She is an artist whose work I really admire.
  • The author whom you criticized in your review has written a letter in reply.

Intensive Pronouns

The intensive pronoun is used as a reference to another pronoun or noun in the same sentence as a way of emphasising it.

  • The dog caught the ball itself.
  • Sarah cooks dinner herself.
  • I eat my candy myself.

Interrogative Pronouns

An interrogative pronoun is used in a question, the words within the category are who, which, where, how and what.

  • How many apples do you have?
  • Which way is the hotel?
  • Is that where the chair goes?

Reciprocal Pronouns

The reciprocal pronoun is used to show an action or feeling which is reciprocated, words in this category are one another and each other.

  • They are happy with each other.
  • The two friends really care about one another.

List of Pronouns

Learn the list of all pronouns in English with different types.

Personal pronoun list

Subject pronouns: I, you, he, she, it, we, they.

Object pronouns: me, you, him, her, it, us, you, them.

Demonstrative pronoun list: this, that, these, those.

Reflexive pronoun list: myself, yourself, himself, herself, itself, ourselves, yourselves, themselves.

Intensive pronoun list: myself, yourself, himself, herself, itself, ourselves, yourselves, themselves.

Possessive pronoun list: mine, yours, his, hers, ours, yours, theirs.

Relative pronoun list: who, whom, which, whose, that.

Indefinite pronoun list: another, anybody/ anyone, anything, each, either, enough, everybody/ everyone, everything, less, little, much, neither, nobody/ no-one, nothing, one, other, somebody/ someone, something, both, few, fewer, many, others, several, all, any, more, most, none, some, such.

Interrogative Pronoun List: who, whom, which, what, whose, whoever, whatever, whichever, whomever.

Pronoun Rules

As with all types of grammar, there are rules surrounding the use of the pronoun. Let’s take a look at these now.

If the pronoun is being used as a subject it is known as a subject pronoun and often appears at the beginning of a sentence, although this is not always the case. An example of this would be She went to the shop.

The words he, I, she, we, whoever, they, it etc are all subject pronouns,

Secondly a subject pronoun can be used if they are renaming the sentence subject, in this case they always come after to be verbs, these might be verbs such as were, am, are, is etc. An example of this would be That is she or This is him talking.

Another rule is that if the word who is being used as a pronoun to refer to a person, it will take the form of the verb to which that person corresponds, this might sound strange as this rule is not always followed but an example might look like this It is I who am going to town.

An object pronouns is used to refer to the object of a sentence. Object pronouns might include the words him, me, her, us, them etc. An example of this might be Sarah watched her. In this example. her is the object of the verb watched.

When an possessive pronoun is used, the use of an apostrophe is never required.

When using the pronouns which, that and who you should use either a singular or plural verb depending on what the pronoun is referring to. For example, look at the following sentence.

  • John is one of those men who likes fishing.
  • John and Bob are two of these men who like fishing.

You can see that the verb like has been modified to become plural when the pronoun who refers to two people as opposed to one.

List of Pronouns in English | Picture

Types of Pronouns and List of Pronouns – Image 2

English Pronouns! What is a pronoun? Learn useful list of pronouns in English with different types of pronouns, example sentences and ESL printable worksheets. 

Pronouns List Video

What is a pronoun? Learn list of pronouns in English with different types.

Conclusion

Pronouns are words which are used as a replacement for a noun and are commonly seen throughout the English language. There are various types of pronoun and certain rules that must be followed in order to create a grammatically correct sentence.

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Baig
Baig
1 year ago

So much ofeffort & research put in ! Thanks a lot !

Ankur Pandey
Ankur Pandey
11 months ago

its fucked up

Lorena Medina
Lorena Medina
9 months ago
Reply to  Ankur Pandey

there other people here that don’t like swearing

ok buddy
ok buddy
2 months ago
Reply to  Lorena Medina

didnt ask

Bill Allen
Bill Allen
4 months ago
Reply to  Ankur Pandey

Elaborate on that, please

WHY
WHY
3 months ago
Reply to  Ankur Pandey

Well WHY READ IT DUMB BOTYHOLE

Andreas Heiner
Andreas Heiner
9 months ago

great work! Is it possible to publish it also in ascii text? That would help NLP a lot (hoping this does not contain too much incorrect English 😉

yeet
yeet
9 months ago

There are infinite pronouns!

Ellie
Ellie
6 months ago
Reply to  yeet

fuck all of the homophobes i give this a upvote

Michelle Salinas
Michelle Salinas
9 months ago

Are question words pronouns ?? Who, What, Where ?

Chandra Dickson
Chandra Dickson
5 months ago

Who is a pronoun. The other two are not.

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