European Countries Vocabulary with Pictures

There are a lot of countries in Europe, but do you know how to say them all in English? Learning these country names is particularly important if you are travelling to the United Kingdom, as they are on the same continent and many people from mainland Europe will move to the UK.

European Countries

European countries are the countries on the continent of Europe. There are 44 European countries in total. The continent of Europe is located between the Pacific and Atlantic oceans, and it is separated from the continent of Asia by the Ural Mountains. The entire continent is approximately 3,930,000 square miles (which is 10,180,000 square kilometres). The largest European country is France and the smallest is the Vatican City.

List of European Countries

  1. United Kingdom
  2. Ukraine
  3. Switzerland
  4. Sweden
  5. Spain
  6. Slovenia
  7. Slovakia
  8. Serbia and Montenegro
  9. San Marino
  10. Russia
  11. Romania
  12. Portugal
  13. Poland
  14. Norway
  15. Netherlands
  16. Monaco
  17. Moldova
  18. Malta
  19. Luxembourg
  20. Lithuania
  21. Liechtenstein
  22. Latvia
  23. Italy
  24. Ireland
  25. Iceland
  26. Hungary
  27. Greece
  28. Germany
  29. France
  30. Finland
  31. Estonia
  32. Denmark
  33. Czech Republic
  34. Croatia
  35. Bulgaria
  36. Bosnia and Herzegovina
  37. Belgium
  38. Belarus
  39. Austria
  40. Andorra
  41. Albania

List of European Countries with European Languages, Nationalities & Flags

Countries in Europe with European Languages and Nationalities

Estonia

  • Nationality: Estonian
  • Language: Estonian

Britain

  • Nationality: British / English
  • Language: English

Denmark

  • Nationality: Danish
  • Language: Danish

Iceland

  • Nationality: Icelandic
  • Language: Icelandic

Ireland

  • Nationality: Irish
  • Language: English/ Irish

Latvia 

  • Nationality: Latvian
  • Language: Latvian

Lithuania

  • Nationality: Lithuanian
  • Language: Lithuanian

Norway

  • Nationality: Norwegian
  • Language: Norwegian

Finland

  • Nationality: Finnish
  • Language: Finnish

Sweden

  • Nationality: Swedish
  • Language: Swedish

Moldova 

  • Nationality: Moldovan
  • Language: Romanian

Belarus

  • Nationality: Belarusian
  • Language: Belarusian / Russian

Poland

  • Nationality: Polish
  • Language: Polish

Bulgaria 

  • Nationality: Bulgarian
  • Language: Bulgarian

Czech Republic

  • Nationality: Czech
  • Language: Czech

Hungary 

  • Nationality: Hungarian
  • Language: Hungarian

Russia

  • Nationality: Russian
  • Language: Russian

Romania 

  • Nationality: Romanian
  • Language: Romanian

List of European Countries with European Languages, Nationalities & Flags

Slovakia

  • Nationality: Slovak / Slovakian
  • Language: Slovak

Ukraine

  • Nationality: Ukrainian
  • Language: Ukrainian

Greece

  • Nationality: Greek
  • Language: Greek

Albania

  • Nationality: Albanian
  • Language: Albanian

Andorra

  • Nationality: Andorran
  • Language: Catalan/ Spanish/ French

Portugal

  • Nationality: Portuguese
  • Language: Portuguese

Bosnia and Herzegovina

  • Nationality: Bosniak/ Bosnian Croat/ Bosnian Serb
  • Language: Bosnian/ Serbian/ Croatian

Croatia 

  • Nationality: Croatian
  • Language: Croatian

Macedonia

  • Nationality: Macedonian
  • Language: Macedonian

Malta

  • Nationality: Maltese
  • Language: Maltese / English

Montenegro

  • Nationality: Montenegrin
  • Language: Montenegrin

San Marino 

  • Nationality: Sammarinese
  • Language: Italian/ Sammarinese

Serbia

  • Nationality: Serbian
  • Language: Serbian

Slovenia 

  • Nationality: Slovenian / Slovene
  • Language: Slovene

Spain

  • Nationality: Spanish
  • Language: Spanish

Italy

  • Nationality: Italian
  • Language: Italian

Austria

  • Nationality: Austrian
  • Language: German

Belgium

  • Nationality: Belgian
  • Language: French / Flemish

Germany

  • Nationality: German
  • Language: German

Netherlands

  • Nationality: Dutch
  • Language: Dutch

List of European Countries with European Languages, Nationalities & Flags

Liechtenstein 

  • Nationality: Liechtensteiner
  • Language: German

Luxembourg 

  • Nationality: Luxembourger
  • Language: Luxembourgish/ French/ German

Monaco

  • Nationality: Monégasque / Monacan
  • Language: French

France

  • Nationality: French
  • Language: French

Switzerland

  • Nationality: Swiss
  • Language: French/ German/ Italian

List of European Languages

  • Swedish
  • Spanish
  • Slovene
  • Slovak
  • Romanian
  • Portuguese
  • Polish
  • Maltese
  • Lithuanian
  • Latvian
  • Italian
  • Irish
  • Hungarian
  • Greek
  • German
  • French
  • Finnish
  • Estonian
  • English
  • Dutch
  • Danish
  • Czech
  • Croatian
  • Bulgarian

European Countries | Infographics

List of European Countries with European Languages & European Flags - Infographic 1

List of Countries in Europe with European Languages & European Flags - Infographic 2

List of Countries in Europe with European Languages & European Flags - Infographic 2

List of European Countries | Video

Frequently Asked Questions

What are the main languages spoken in Europe?

In Europe, there are many languages spoken across the continent. Some of the major ones include English, French, German, Spanish, Italian, and Russian. There are also many regional and minority languages like Catalan, Welsh, and Basque. We love how diverse and rich the linguistic landscape in Europe is!

Which European countries are part of the EU?

The European Union (EU) has 27 member countries. These include countries like Germany, France, Italy, Spain, and Poland. The United Kingdom used to be a member, but they left the EU in 2020. It’s important to note that not all European countries are part of the EU, like Switzerland and Norway.

What are the biggest economies in Europe?

Europe is home to some of the world’s largest economies. Germany has the largest economy within Europe, followed by the United Kingdom, France, Italy, and Spain. Russia also has a significant economy, even though it straddles both Europe and Asia.

Can you name some popular tourist destinations in Europe?

There are so many amazing tourist destinations in Europe, it’s hard to narrow them down! Some popular attractions include the Eiffel Tower in Paris, the Colosseum in Rome, and the Acropolis in Athens. We also enjoy exploring the beautiful lakes in Switzerland and the stunning fjords in Norway. And don’t forget the bustling cities like London, Berlin, and Barcelona!