List of domesticated animals (or domestic animals) and farm animals with interesting facts and images. Learn these farm animals list to improve your vocabulary words in English. It doesn’t matter which country you come from or what your native language is, we all know what kinds of animals can be found on the farm. But do you know how to refer to them when speaking English? Would you recognize their names if they were mentioned in a conversation?
Domestic Animals & Farm Animals
What Are Farm Animals and Domesticated Animals?
Domesticated or domestic animals are animals that are bred to serve varying purposes of humans. Domesticated animals differ from wild animals in that they are born, raised, conditioned, and reproduced to work with, respond to, or serve humans in one form or another.
Farm animals are a type of domesticated animal that serve purposes in the form of agriculture. They may be raised and used for their meat (such as chicken or pigs), milk (such as from cows or sheep), or labor (such as horses, cattle, or donkeys).
Types of Domestic Animals
Domesticated animals are generally classified into two types: those that serve as farm animals (or livestock, animals raised for making commodities), or those that serve as pets. Cattle, sheep, pigs, and chickens are considered farm animals, while cats and dogs are considered pets.
There may be some overlap in these categories. For example, a dog may be considered a pet, but it can also be (colloquially) considered a farm animal if used as a shepherding dog. In some countries, laws exist as to what animals are considered pets (in the United States, for example, horses are considered livestock, not pets).
List of Domestic Animals & Farm Animals
- Cattle (cows and bulls)
Domestic Animals Names
Domesticated Animals & Farm Animals (with Facts & Examples)
Cattle (cows and bulls) were domesticated as long ago as 6500 BCE, with some regarding the domestication of the animal to go as far back as 10,000 years ago. Cattle are bred for their meat, labor, and milk. Popular breeds include Angus, Wagyu, Kerry, and Holstein.
Example: The farmer raised a herd of cattle on his ranch.
Domesticated rabbits are used for their meat and pelts. They are also considered to be good pets, common breeds include Californian, Alaska, Opposum, Fox, Lynx, Brazilian, and Isabella.
Example: The children giggled as they watched the playful rabbit hop through the garden.
The American Pekin Duck is a breed of duck that is primarily used for meat. It was introduced to the Americas in March 1873 when a ship of nine specimens arrived in New York City from Beijing, China. Three of the duck hens of this group had laid three hundred eggs by July 1873.
Example: The mother duck led her ducklings to the pond for their first swim.
A shrimp is a small, shellfish-like creature that lives in the ocean. They have a long, curved body with multiple legs and a hard outer shell. Shrimp are a popular seafood and are often cooked and eaten in a variety of dishes.
Example: The chef prepared a delicious shrimp scampi with garlic and butter for the dinner party.
Pigs are believed to have been domesticated in the Mesopotamian region and Turkey from at least over 11,000 years ago. They have also been believed to be domesticated separately in China 8,000 years ago. Common breeds include the Welsh, American Yorkshire, and Large White.
Example: The farmer raised several pigs on his farm, which he planned to sell at the local market.
A bee is a flying insect that is known for its role in pollination and production of honey. Bees are social creatures and live in colonies, with each colony having a queen bee, worker bees, and drones. They have a fuzzy, striped appearance and are often seen buzzing around flowers.
Example: The bee landed on the flower and collected nectar to bring back to the hive.
Female goats, also known as nannies or does, will produce a large amount of milk during a single year. In a ten-month period, they will produce 90 quarts of milk each month. Some goat breeds are used only for their meat, and this includes the Kiko and Boer breeds.
Example: The farmer’s goat escaped from its pen and wandered into the garden, munching on the vegetables.
A crab is a type of crustacean that lives in oceans, rivers, and other bodies of water. They have a hard exoskeleton, sharp claws, and a sideways walk. Crabs are often used as a food source and are considered a delicacy in many cultures.
Example: The children were excited to go crabbing on the beach and catch some crabs for dinner.
A deer is a four-legged mammal that is commonly found in forests and other wooded areas. They have a slender body, long legs, and antlers (in males) that they shed and regrow each year. Deer are herbivores and feed on leaves, grass, and other vegetation.
Example: The hiker spotted a majestic deer in the distance and watched as it gracefully leapt through the forest.
Modern domesticated turkeys are descended from domesticated turkey breeds of Central America and Mexico — breeds that were domesticated by Native Americans almost 2,000 years ago. Compared to wild turkeys, they are less genetically diverse and can not fly.
Example: The family gathered around the table to enjoy a delicious Thanksgiving dinner, complete with a roasted turkey as the centerpiece.
A dove is a small bird that is often associated with peace and love. They have a plump body, small head, and a distinctive cooing sound. Doves are often used as symbols of love and are commonly seen at weddings and other romantic events.
Example: The couple released a pair of white doves into the air as a symbol of their love and commitment to each other.
Sheep are known for their meat and their milk, but they are also known for the wool they produce. In a year, a single sheep can produce anywhere from 2 to 30 pounds of wool. Wool is commonly harvested (especially in the United States) in the spring.
Example: The shepherd guided his flock of sheep through the meadow, making sure they stayed together and didn’t wander off.
A fish is a cold-blooded aquatic animal that typically has scales, fins, and gills. It breathes through its gills and swims using its fins.
Example: I caught a big fish while fishing in the lake.
Though some chickens are bred distinctly for their meat or their eggs, there are some breeds that are considered to be dual-purpose. These include breeds like the Black Australorp, Speckled Sussex, and the Rhode Island Red.
Example: The farmer collected the eggs from the chicken coop and sold them at the local market.
Horses are domesticated animals that serve as transportation, agricultural labor, and occasionally as a food resource. They originated in Central Asia and have been used as domesticated animals for thousands of years. Popular breeds include Arabian, Clydesdale, and Palamino.
Example: The farmer used his draft horses to plow the fields and plant the crops
The exact location, or even region, of the domestication of the dog — is not known, but theorists place the time of its domestication from 20,000 to 40,000 years ago. It is believed the dog is descended from an extinct wolf-like ancestor.
Example: The guide dog led the blind man safely across the busy street and to his destination.
The ancestor of today’s domesticated cat is believed to be Felis silvestris lybica, or the North African (or Southwest Asian) Wildcat. The period of time of domestication is believed to be the Neolithic Period (10,000 to 4,500 BCE) in the Near East/Fertile Crescent region.
Example: The cat napped lazily in the sunbeam, enjoying the warmth on her fur.
Donkeys (Equus asinus) are grazing animals that spend as much as 16 hours a day feeding. When compared to horses, they are not as ready to show a response of fear — leading some to assume stubbornness. Donkeys are very social animals and will befriend other donkeys and horses.
Example: The donkey brayed loudly, alerting the farmer to the presence of a coyote in the area.
The domesticated goose (Anser anser domesticus) is a domesticated grey goose, descended from the greylag or swan goose species. Geese are raised for their meat and eggs, but also for their feathers, which are referred to as down.
Example: The flock of geese honked loudly as they flew overhead in a V-formation.
Llamas (Lama glama) are domesticated animals that have their origins in South America, particularly the Andes Mountain region. They are used as pack animals (able to carry 25 percent of their body weight for 5 to 8 miles), for meat, and for their wool.
Example: The farmer used his llamas to carry supplies and equipment up the steep mountain trail.
Ostriches are considered only partly domesticated animals, but they are raised as livestock for their meat and eggs. Ostriches are the largest birds on the planet, with adult males reaching 7.8 feet tall, and weighing anywhere from 200 to 300 pounds.
Example: The children were amazed at the size of the ostrich eggs, which were much larger than chicken eggs.
The Dromedary camel (Camelus dromedarius) is a one-humped camel that originated in North Africa and the Middle East. It is a long-domesticated species, with naturally-occurring wild specimens not appearing for as long as 2,000 years. It is used for its meat, milk, hides, transport, and labor.
Example: The children rode the gentle camels around the petting zoo and marveled at their humps.
Oxen are a type of cattle used specifically for draught purposes — pulling plows, wagons, and carts. They are usually castrated male cattle that are valued for their strength, heft, weight, and ease of control. North American oxen commands include words like back, haw, get up, gee, and whoa.
Example: The farmer used his pair of oxen to plow the fields and plant the crops.
The reindeer is native to northern regions of Eurasia and North America, and can be considered semi-domesticated — though it is still used for its meat, milk, and pelts. It is the only domesticated deer in the world and is used by the Inuit, Sami, Nenets, and Yakut peoples.
Example: The reindeer‘s thick fur and padded hooves protected it from the harsh arctic weather.
Domestic Animals & Farm Animals Video
Learn a huge list of animals with American English pronunciation.
Frequently Asked Questions
What is the definition of domestic animals?
Domestic animals are species that have been selectively bred, tamed, and adapted by humans to live and work alongside us. These animals serve various purposes, such as companionship, agriculture, transportation, and more. The domestication process often involves breeding for specific traits that are beneficial to humans or to the animals themselves in a human-controlled environment.
Which animals are commonly considered as domestic pets?
Domestic pets comprise a variety of animals, including dogs, cats, rabbits, guinea pigs, hamsters, birds, and even some reptiles such as snakes and lizards. These animals serve primarily as companions and provide emotional support, companionship, and entertainment for their owners. It is essential to ensure that each pet’s needs are met, including appropriate housing, food, exercise, and attention.
How are domestic animals used by humans?
Domestic animals serve various purposes in human societies. For instance:
- Companionship: Many people keep pets such as dogs, cats, and birds for companionship and emotional support.
- Agriculture: Livestock animals like cows, pigs, and chickens are reared for meat, milk, and eggs.
- Work: Animals like horses, oxen, and donkeys are used for transportation, plowing fields, and carrying goods.
- Entertainment: Some domestic animals, such as horses, dogs, and pigeons, are involved in sporting activities, races, or shows.
- Education and research: Animals like rats, mice, and rabbits are often used in laboratory testing for scientific research and medical advancements.
What are examples of large domesticated animals?
Some large domesticated animals include horses, cows, pigs, donkeys, camels, goats, sheep, and buffalo. These animals have been domesticated for various purposes, such as transportation, agriculture, and textiles (e.g., wool).
Can you list some domestic animals for educational purposes?
Here are a few examples of domestic animals often used in educational settings:
- Guinea pigs
These animals can be utilized in various capacities, including teaching responsibility, illustrating biological concepts, and fostering empathy and compassion towards animals.
What is the difference between domestic and wild animals?
Domestic animals have been selectively bred and adapted by humans to live and work alongside us. They are more docile, tend to have specific physical and/or behavioral traits desired by humans, and often rely on human care for their survival. In contrast, wild animals have not undergone human-induced changes through selective breeding, display wild tendencies, and naturally survive and thrive in their natural habitats without human intervention.
Domestic Animals Practice
Drag and Drop
Last Updated on October 31, 2023