If you would like to talk about an event which might possibly happen in the future then you will need to make use of the first conditional. An example of this might be the sentence ‘If my bus is late, I will miss the movie.’ This is an important part of English grammar that will not only help you in sounding much more fluent but will also give you the opportunity to form much more complex sentences.
In this section, we are going to be looking at the first conditional in a lot more detail, enabling you to become much more confident when using it.
What Is the First Conditional?
Learn how to use Conditional Sentences Type 1 (Present or Future Real Conditional) with structure, usage and example sentences.
First Conditional Form: If + Simple Present, Subject + will/won’t + Verb.
First conditional examples:
- If it rains, I will stay at home.
- If I wake up late, I will miss the bus.
- And, if it‘s sunny, we‘ll go to the park.
- If Juan leaves, Paula will be sad.
You can reverse the order of the clauses. If the “if” clause comes first, a comma is usually used. If the “if” clause comes second, there is no need for a comma
- I will stay at home if it rains.
We use ‘may‘ or ‘might‘ to say that the future event is possible, but not definite.
- If you need someone to help you move, I might be able to help.
- If it’s a sunny day tomorrow, we might have a pool party.
Sometimes we use ‘be going to’ instead of ‘will’ in the main clause. This is done to emphasize a certain result.
- I’m going to give you twenty pounds if you fix my computer for me.
- I’m going to stay for the weekend if you like.
- If you are not ready, I‘m going to go out without you.
How to Use the First Conditional
The Conditional sentences type 1 is used to talk about things which are possible in the present or the future. It is generally used for things which may happen.
Conditional sentences type 1 examples:
- If you study hard, you will pass your exams.
- If I find your email, I will send you the picture.
- And, if Mary comes home, I will tell her about the exam.
- If you cook the supper, I’ll wash the dishes.