The First Conditional or Conditional Type I – Present or Future Real Conditional.
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What is the first conditional?
- Like a zero conditional, a first conditional sentence consists of two clauses, an “if” clause and a main clause.We use different verb forms in each part of a first conditional:
If + Simple Present, Subject + will/won’t + Verb.
If it rains, I will stay at home.
If I wake up late, I will miss the bus.
And, if it‘s sunny, we‘ll go to the park.
If Juan leaves, Paula will be sad.
- You can reverse the order of the clauses. If the “if” clause comes first, a comma is usually used. If the “if” clause comes second, there is no need for a comma
I will stay at home if it rains.
- We use ‘may‘ or ‘might‘ to say that the future event is possible, but not definite.
If you need someone to help you move, I might be able to help.
If it’s a sunny day tomorrow, we might have a pool party.
- Sometimes we use ‘be going to’ instead of ‘will’ in the main clause. This is done to emphasize a certain result.
I’m going to buy a new car next year if I have enough money.
If you don’t give me back my sweater right now, I’m going to scream!
She’s going to take a vacation next week if she gets time off work.
How to use the first conditional
The Conditional Type I is used to talk about things which are possible in the present or the future. It is generally used for things which may happen.
If you study hard, you will pass your exams.
If I find your email, I will send you the picture.
And, if Mary comes home, I will tell her about the exam.
If you cook the supper, I’ll wash the dishes.