Fruits and Vegetables: List, Names, and Types with Pictures

Fruits and vegetables are not only delicious and nutritious but also essential for maintaining a healthy lifestyle. They are packed with vitamins, minerals, and fiber, which can help prevent chronic diseases and promote overall well-being.

There are many different fruits and vegetables but it doesn’t have to be difficult to learn them all, simply learning a few each day can greatly build your vocabulary.

Understanding Fruits and Vegetables

Fruits and Vegetables Vocabulary in EnglishPin

Fruits and vegetables play an essential role in a healthy diet, providing essential nutrients for overall well-being. They come in various forms, including berries, apples, oranges, bananas, grapes, melons, peaches, kiwis, and avocados. Known for their diverse colors, tastes, and benefits, no single fruit or vegetable can provide all the nutrients necessary for optimal health.

Fruits can be classified into several categories:

  • Berries: Examples include strawberries, blueberries, and raspberries.
  • Citrus fruits: Such as oranges, lemons, and grapefruits.
  • Stone fruits: Examples include peaches, plums, and cherries.
  • Tropical fruits: Bananas, pineapples, and mangoes are among these.
  • Melons: Examples include watermelons, cantaloupes, and honeydews.

Among the various types of vegetables, some common categories include:

  • Leafy greens: Spinach, kale, and lettuce are among these.
  • Root vegetables: Examples are carrots, beets, and potatoes.
  • Cruciferous vegetables: Broccoli, cauliflower, and Brussels sprouts fall into this category.
  • Nightshades: Tomatoes, eggplants, and peppers belong to this group.
  • Legumes: Examples include green beans, peas, and lentils.

Fruits and vegetables are not only major sources of essential nutrients like potassium, magnesium, and fiber but also rich in antioxidant plant compounds called polyphenols. These compounds contribute to various health benefits, particularly for the heart and blood vessels. Consuming a varied diet with an abundance of fruits and vegetables increases the overall nutritional value of meals and supports long-term health.

In summary, fruits and vegetables offer a wide range of flavors, nutrients, and health benefits. Incorporating a variety of these colorful and tasty plant foods into one’s diet is crucial for maintaining a balanced, nutritious lifestyle.

List of Fruits and Vegetables

Fruits and vegetables play an essential role in maintaining a healthy diet, offering various nutrients and vitamins for overall well-being. In this section, we will explore a list of fruits and vegetables categorized by their type.


Fruits can be divided into different types: citrus fruits, berries, stone fruits, tropical fruits, and more. Here are a few examples from each category:

  • Citrus fruits: oranges, lemons, limes, and grapefruit.
  • Berries: strawberries, blackberries, blueberries, and raspberries.
  • Stone fruits: peaches, plums, cherries, and apricots.
  • Tropical fruits: mangoes, pineapples, papayas, and bananas.


Similarly, vegetables can also be categorized into various types. Some of them include:

  • Leafy greens: spinach, kale, lettuce, and Swiss chard.
  • Cruciferous vegetables: broccoli, cauliflower, cabbage, and Brussels sprouts.
  • Root vegetables: carrots, beets, turnips, and radishes.
  • Legumes: peas, beans, lentils, and chickpeas.
  • Alliums: onions, garlic, leeks, and shallots.

Here is a tabular representation of various fruits and vegetables in alphabetical order:

Fruits Vegetables
Apple Artichoke
Apricot Asparagus
Avocado Beetroot
Banana Bell pepper
Blackberry Broccoli
Blueberry Brussels sprouts
Cabbage Carrot
Cantaloupe Cauliflower
Cherry Celery
Coconut Cucumber

By incorporating a diverse selection of fruits and vegetables into the daily diet, individuals can benefit from the array of nutrients and antioxidants they provide, which can promote overall health and prevent various illnesses.

Fruits and Vegetables | ImagesPin

Colorful Vocabulary

Red and Orange Fruits and Vegetables

Let’s start with a vibrant group of fruits and vegetables: the red and orange ones! The colors in this group are warm and make our dishes look appetizing. Some examples include tomatoes, carrots, bell peppers, strawberries, and oranges. These fruits and vegetables not only offer a visual treat but also contain essential nutrients like vitamin C, beta carotene, and lycopene.

Green Fruits and Vegetables

Next up are the green fruits and vegetables! Many of us are familiar with green leafy vegetables such as spinach, kale, and lettuce. However, there are also many green fruits that are packed with nutrients and flavor, such as kiwi, avocado, and green apples. This group of fruits and vegetables is well-known for containing a variety of vitamins like vitamin K, vitamin A, and folate.

Purple and Blue Fruits and Vegetables

Moving on to the more mysterious shades, the purple and blue fruits and vegetables! These colors are not only beautiful but also full of unique antioxidants called anthocyanins. Some examples of purple and blue fruits and vegetables include eggplants, purple cabbage, blueberries, and blackberries. Don’t forget to add these to your meals, as they provide a unique blend of flavors and health benefits!

White and Brown Fruits and Vegetables

Finally, we have the often unassuming, yet nutritionally-powerful group of white and brown fruits and vegetables. Many may associate these colors with staples like potatoes and onions, but there are other options too! Cauliflower, garlic, mushrooms, and coconut are all delicious and nutrient-rich examples. These can provide essential nutrients such as potassium, fiber, and allicin, which are important for maintaining overall health.

So, there you have it! We’ve covered colorful vocabularies of fruits and vegetables, from vibrant reds and oranges to the more subtle whites and browns. Mixing these different colored fruits and vegetables into your diet can help ensure that you benefit from a wide array of vitamins, minerals, and antioxidants, while also making your meals visually enticing!

Exotic Fruits and Vegetables

In this section, we will explore a variety of exotic fruits and vegetables that come from all around the globe. We’ll discover some of the unique flavors and characteristics of these extraordinary produce items, which are sure to pique your taste buds and intrigue your mind.

Many of the fruits we consider exotic come from tropical regions and boast a wide array of flavors, textures, and vibrant colors. We’ll acquaint you with the Dragon fruit (also known as Pitaya), an eye-catching, spiky fruit that has a sweet, kiwi-like texture and taste. Another exotic fruit worth mentioning is the Rambutan, a hairy red fruit that resembles a sea creature with its juicy, lychee-like flesh inside. The Durian is a controversial fruit, known for its strong smell, which divides people between loving its custard-like taste or avoiding it entirely due to the aroma.

Apart from fruits, there are plenty of fascinating exotic vegetables that deserve our attention. One such vegetable is the Romanesco broccoli, a bright green cousin of cauliflower that has an unusual, almost fractal-like appearance. For fans of color, the Purple sweet potato offers not only a unique hue but also a rich, earthy flavor that makes it ideal for both savory and sweet dishes. In Latin America, the Chayote (also called Vegetable pear or Mirliton) brings a versatile, mild zucchini-like taste to dishes and can be eaten raw or cooked.

We hope you enjoyed learning about these exotic fruits and vegetables and that the information might inspire you to step outside your culinary comfort zone. Trying new produce from around the world is not only an adventurous eating experience but also a great way to appreciate the incredible abundance of flavors that the earth has to offer.

List of 100 Common Fruits and Vegetables

  1. Apple
  2. Apricot
  3. Avocado
  4. Banana
  5. Bell pepper
  6. Blackberry
  7. Blueberry
  8. Broccoli
  9. Cabbage
  10. Cantaloupe
  11. Carrot
  12. Cauliflower
  13. Cherry
  14. Coconut
  15. Corn
  16. Cranberry
  17. Cucumber
  18. Date
  19. Dragonfruit
  20. Eggplant
  21. Elderberry
  22. Fig
  23. Garlic
  24. Grape
  25. Grapefruit
  26. Green beans
  27. Green onion
  28. Guava
  29. Honeydew
  30. Jackfruit
  31. Jicama
  32. Kiwi
  33. Kohlrabi
  34. Kumquat
  35. Leek
  36. Lemon
  37. Lettuce
  38. Lime
  39. Lychee
  40. Mango
  41. Mushroom
  42. Mustard greens
  43. Nectarine
  44. Okra
  45. Onion
  46. Orange
  47. Papaya
  48. Passion fruit
  49. Peach
  50. Pear
  51. Peas
  52. Pineapple
  53. Plum
  54. Potato
  55. Pomegranate
  56. Quince
  57. Radish
  58. Raspberry
  59. Red onion
  60. Red pepper
  61. Rhubarb
  62. Romaine lettuce
  63. Shallot
  64. Snow peas
  65. Spinach
  66. Squash
  67. Starfruit
  68. Strawberry
  69. Sweet potato
  70. Swiss chard
  71. Tangerine
  72. Tomato
  73. Turnip
  74. Ugli fruit
  75. Watermelon
  76. Zucchini
  77. Acai berry
  78. Acerola
  79. Appleberry
  80. Artichoke
  81. Asparagus
  82. Beet
  83. Bok choy
  84. Brussels sprouts
  85. Butternut squash
  86. Cactus pear
  87. Cardoon
  88. Cassava
  89. Celeriac
  90. Celery
  91. Chayote
  92. Cherimoya
  93. Chives
  94. Collard greens
  95. Corn on the cob
  96. Cranberry
  97. Cress
  98. Currant
  99. Dandelion greens
  100. Endive

Fruits and Vegetables Vocabulary Video

Learn fruits and vegetable names with American English pronunciation.

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