Learn how and when to use the Future Perfect Tense in English with examples and rules.
How to Use the Future Perfect Tense
Forming the Future Perfect Tense
The future perfect is a verb form or construction used to describe an event that is expected or planned to happen before a time of reference in the future.
In English, the future perfect construction consists of the auxiliary verb “will” (shall) to mark the future, the auxiliary verb “have” to mark the perfect, and the past participle of the main verb.
S + will + have + past participle + …
- I will have finished my report by the end of this month.
S + will + not + have + past participle + …
- He will not have done it by this evening.
Will + S + have + past participle + …
- Will you have written me a letter?
Future Perfect Tense | Usage
The Future Perfect is used:
– To talk about an action that will finish before a certain time in the future
- By eight o’clock tomorrow, I will have taken off for Japan.
– To talk about an action that will be completed before another event takes place
- She will have learnt Chinese before she moves to China.
– To express conviction that something happened in the near past
- The guests will have arrived at the hotel by now. (I’m sure the guests have arrived at the hotel.)
Time Expressions Used with the Future Perfect Tense
- By + …
- By the time
- By then
- By the end of + …
- By tomorrow