What are Gerunds? Grammar Rules and Examples

Learn how to use Gerunds in English with examples.

What are Gerunds?

Gerunds are verbals that function as nouns and have an –ing ending.


I am waiting. (Present Participle)

(This is the present continuous. “Waiting” here is part of the verb. It is not a gerund.)

I don’t like waiting. (Gerund)

(This is present simple, but it contains a gerund. “Waiting” is the direct object of this sentence.)

How to Use Gerunds

The gerund can be used as subject of a sentence


Writing in English is difficult.

Reading is my most beneficial summer activity.

 The gerund can be used as direct object of a sentence


I like writing in English.

James enjoys swimming.

The gerund can be used as a subject complement


My cat’s favorite activity is sleeping.

One of his duties is doing homework.

The gerund can be used as an object of a preposition


Are you interested in working for us?

Would you like to walk instead of taking the bus?

The gerund can be used after certain expressions

It’s no use, it’s no good, there’s no point in…


It’s no good shouting at him – he’s deaf!

There’s no point in cooking food – I’m not hungry.

Gerunds | Grammar Rules and Examples

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