Health Vocabulary: Health and Healthcare in English

Whether you’re a healthcare professional or just someone interested in taking care of your own health, having a strong grasp of medical terminology is essential. From understanding complex medical conditions to communicating effectively with doctors and other healthcare providers, knowing the right words can make all the difference. In this article, we’ll explore some of the most important health vocabulary words and phrases, so you can feel confident navigating the world of healthcare. 

Health Vocabulary

Common Diseases

Learn common names of illnesses and diseases in English, i.e. asthma, a backache, a broken leg, a cold, a cough, an earache, a fever, the flu, a headache…

List of Diseases

  • Runny nose
  • Broken bone
  • Bruise
  • Sunburn
  • Chills
  • Backache
  • Nausea
  • Dizziness
  • Flu
  • Stomachache
  • Fever
  • Snakebite
  • Cough

Disease Names | Picture

Disease Names | PicturePin

Diseases and Treatments

Also, learn illnesses and treatments vocabulary in English.

Common Illnesses

  • Fever
  • High blood pressure
  • Broken arm
  • Injury
  • Diabetes
  • Sore finger
  • Toothache
  • Stomachache
  • Sprain

Common Treatments

  • Bed rest
  • Blood tests
  • Diet
  • Surgery
  • Exercise
  • Physical therapy
  • Shot (U.S)/ Jab (U.K)
  • Massage
  • X-ray
  • Eye exam
  • Pressure measuring
  • Examination
  • Infusion

Common Illnesses and Treatments | Picture

Common Illnesses and Treatments | PicturePin

Types of Doctors

Here are different types of doctors and specialists in various areas in healthcare profession.

Different Types of Doctors

  • Surgeon
  • Paramedic
  • Psychologist
  • Nurse
  • ENT doctor
  • Pharmacist
  • Consulting doctor
  • Attending doctor
  • Duty doctor
  • Family doctor
  • Veterinarian
  • Dentist

Different Types of Doctors | Picture

Different Types of Doctors | PicturePin

Medical Vocabulary

Medicine is the science and practice of the diagnosis, treatment, and prevention of disease.

Medicine Names

  • Solution
  • Oral rinse
  • Cough syrup
  • Antiseptic
  • Lotion
  • Decongestant spray
  • Softgel
  • Blood
  • Ointment
  • Lozenges
  • Powder
  • Eye drops
  • Effervescent tablet
  • Tablet
  • Toothpaste
  • Aspirin
  • Caplet
  • Capsule

Medicine Vocabulary | Picture

Medicine Vocabulary | PicturePin

Medical Supplies and Equipment

Here is a useful list of medical supplies and equipment in English.

Medical Supplies and Equipment

  • Blood bag
  • Braces
  • Rubber gloves
  • Ambulance
  • First aid kit
  • Microscope
  • Crutch
  • Walker
  • Wheelchair
  • Cane
  • Scissors
  • Scalpel
  • Syringe
  • Stethoscope
  • Pipette
  • Tooth brush
  • Thermometer
  • Dental pick
  • Saline bag
  • Glasses
  • Sunglasses
  • Dumbbells
  • Stretcher
  • Surgical mask
  • Face mask
  • Tape
  • Bandage

Medical Supplies and Equipment Vocabulary | Picture

Health and Healthcare VocabularyPin

Health Vocabulary: Health and Healthcare Video

Learn the video of common diseases and different types of doctors with American English pronunciation.

Frequently Asked Questions

What are common terms related to physical health?

Physical health is an essential aspect of our overall well-being. Some common terms related to physical health include exercise, nutrition, sleep, hydration, and stress management. Exercise refers to engaging in physical activity to maintain or improve our fitness levels. Nutrition involves consuming a balanced diet rich in vitamins, minerals, and essential nutrients needed for our bodies to function properly. Sleep is essential for our bodies to rest, repair, and rejuvenate. Hydration involves drinking enough water to maintain the balance of body fluids. Stress management is crucial for maintaining a state of mental, emotional, and physical balance.

What are some essential words for health and the body?

There are many words related to health and the body that we should be familiar with. Some of these terms include:

  • Immune system: Our body’s defense mechanism against infections and diseases.
  • Digestion: The process our body uses to break down food into nutrients for energy, growth, and repair.
  • Metabolism: The chemical process our body undergoes to convert food into energy.
  • Inflammation: Our body’s natural response to injury or infection, often resulting in swelling, redness, or pain.
  • Chronic: A health condition that lasts for a long time or recurs.

Can you suggest vocabulary for maintaining a healthy lifestyle?

We recommend familiarizing yourself with essential vocabulary related to a healthy lifestyle. Some key terms include:

  • Balanced diet: A way of eating that includes a variety of foods to provide our body with all the necessary nutrients.
  • Physical activity: Any movement that expends energy and helps improve our fitness levels.
  • Mental health: Our emotional and psychological well-being, which allows us to effectively cope with stress and enjoy our lives.
  • Self-care: The practice of taking deliberate actions for our physical, emotional, and mental well-being.
  • Hygiene: Personal cleanliness practices that help prevent illness and promote good health.

Last Updated on November 16, 2023

15 thoughts on “Health Vocabulary: Health and Healthcare in English”

  1. These are such great aids to learn vocabulary!
    Are there any lessons that teach collocations with this vocabulary? Undergo/ have surgery; have (not feel) a fever and so on.
    Thanks a million.


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