100+ Common Examples of Homographs in English

Homographs are words that share the same written form but have different meanings. They can also differ in pronunciation, which can sometimes lead to confusion. We encounter them quite often in the English language. For example, when we read the word “lead,” it’s not immediately clear if it’s a verb signifying to guide, or if it’s a noun denoting the metal. Context is crucial in understanding which meaning is intended.

We know that the richness of the English language partly comes from its vast vocabulary and various exceptions to the rules. Homographs add another layer of complexity, testing our language skills and comprehension. Homographs aren’t just academic curiosities; they play an important role in our day-to-day communication. They challenge us to pay closer attention to the words we use and how we interpret them.


What Is A Homograph?

Homographs are words that are spelled the same but have different meanings and sometimes different pronunciations. They often cause confusion due to their dual nature but are fascinating elements of the English language.

We encounter homographs regularly as they are an integral part of the English language. They share the same spelling but can differ in origin, meaning, and even pronunciation. When pronounced differently, they typically differ in syllable stress, which impacts the word’s meaning. This characteristic can usually be discerned from the context in which the word is used.

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Commonly Confused Homographs


  • (a-gayp) mouth wide open in wonder
  • (a gah pay) sacrificial love

Example: We’re left agape when considering the agape love of God’s grace.


  • (bas) a species of fish
  • (bayss) a low deep voice (or low register musical instrument)

Example: After catching the bass from the river, Joe mimicked the fish talking in a deep bass voice.


  • (boh) a device used with an arrow; a curved shape; a type of knot
  • (b ow) the front of a ship; the polite gesture of bending at the waist

Example: After shooting a bullere with his bow, the archer made a grand bow to the audience.


  • (klohz) to make shut
  • (klohs) being nearby

Example: As she left the house to go to the store close to the house, the woman was careful to close and lock the front door.

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  • (ENtrance) an entryway; act of entering
  • (enTRANCE) filled with wonder or delight

Example: The museum display will entrance the visitors the moment they come through the entrance.


  • (led) a type of metal
  • (leed) to start in front

Example: The city took the lead in getting the lead out of the municipal plumbing.


  • (obJECT) to disagree
  • (OBject) an item

Example: I object to being given this object!


  • (soo er) a drain for waste
  • a person who sews (this definition also applies to someone who scatters seeds)

Example: The sewer tripped and dropped their needlework into the sewer.


  • (wind) the moving of air
  • (wine d) to twist or wrap around

Example: The wind blew softly as we watched the river wind its way through the valley.


  • (woond) an injury
  • (wownd) past tense of wind (to wrap)

Example: The wound was caused by the rope wound too tightly.


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List of Homographs

We often encounter words in English that have the same spelling but different meanings, and even different pronunciations. These are known as homographs. We’ve collected an array of homographs to highlight the diversity of our language. Let’s explore some together:

  1. Lead (to guide) / Lead (a metal)
  2. Bow (part of a ship) / Bow (a ribbon)
  3. Tear (result of crying) / Tear (to rip)
  4. Object (thing) / Object (to oppose)
  5. Row (a line) / Row (a quarrel)
  6. Sow (verb – to plant seeds) / Sow (noun – a female pig)

These words can be quite tricky because we must rely on context to understand the intended meaning. When we read or hear them, we pay close attention to the surrounding words to grasp which concept is being discussed.

Additionally, some of our words have a change in pronunciation which helps us distinguish between the meanings during conversation:

  • Read (present – /ri/) / Read (past – /red/)
  • Lead (to guide – /li/) / Lead (metal – /led/)
  • Bass (instrument – /beɪs/) / Bass (fish – /bæs/)

Spotting homographs can be an entertaining linguistic exercise, and we encourage everyone to discover more examples in their everyday reading and listening. They add an interesting layer to our language, making it a fun puzzle for both writers and linguists alike.

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Linguistic Characteristics of Homographs

In our exploration of homographs, we consider the subtle nuances in pronunciation and the distinct patterns of their spelling that make them a fascinating feature of language.

Phonetic Variation

Homographs are unique in that they are words which are spelled identically but have different pronunciations. For instance, the word “lead” can be pronounced as /liːd/ when it means to guide, but as /led/ when referring to the metal. This phonetic variation is central to the dual identity of homographs.

  • Example 1wind (/waɪnd/ – to twist or coil) vs. wind (/wɪnd/ – moving air)
  • Example 2row (/roʊ/ – a line of things) vs. row (/raʊ/ – a quarrel)

Such variations often emerge from the etymological origins of the words, where one meaning might derive from an Old English root while another slips in from Old Norse, resulting in the same spelling but different sounds attached to different meanings.

Orthographic Patterns

The spelling of homographs is consistent, regardless of their meaning or pronunciation. This orthographic property is what characterizes them and sets them apart from homophones and homonyms.

Consistent Spelling Examples

Homograph Pronunciation 1 Pronunciation 2 Meaning 1 Meaning 2
tear /tir/ /teər/ to rip droplet from the eye
lead /liːd/ /led/ to guide a type of metal
read /riːd/ /rɛd/ to interpret written words past tense of ‘to read’

Through regular spelling but variable pronunciation, homographs add a layer of complexity and richness to English, demanding careful context to elucidate their intended meaning.

Role in Language Learning

Homographs play a crucial role in language learning because they highlight the complexity of vocabulary and the importance of context.

Homographs in Vocabulary Acquisition

We often encounter words that look alike but have different meanings, known as homographs. These words are valuable for expanding our vocabulary. For instance:

  • Lead (to guide) | Lead (a metal)
  • Bass (a type of fish) | Bass (a low sound)

Understanding these words requires us to pay attention to the context in which they’re used. When we learn homographs, we’re training our brains to recognize subtle differences in language that inform meaning.

Challenges for Language Learners

For us, language learners, homographs can present a unique set of challenges:

  • PronunciationWind (to turn) vs. Wind (airflow); learn to say these correctly through practice.
  • Understanding contextBow (to incline) vs. Bow (a tied ribbon); understand the setting to get the meaning.

We engage with complex language patterns when figuring out which meaning is applicable. This is essential in mastering the language. However, it demands patience and exposure to various contexts where homographs are used.

Use of Homographs in Literature

Homographs add a layer of complexity and depth to literary works. They can enhance the reading experience with their dual meanings and engage readers in a more interactive way.

Literary Devices

Homographs as puns: We often see homographs used in literature as a form of wordplay, where words that sound alike but have different meanings are juxtaposed for humorous or rhetorical effect. For example, Shakespeare was fond of using homographs to craft puns in his plays.

  • Lead (to guide) vs. lead (the metal) can be played upon in the context of leadership or heaviness in a dialogue.

Homographs for thematic depth: Writers might also use homographs to introduce themes or duality in their storytelling.

  • The word tear can refer to both the result of crying and to rip something, adding layers to a narrative surrounding grief or conflict.

Effect on Reading and Comprehension

Challenge in reading: Homographs can create a unique challenge for readers, as they require us to use context clues to determine the correct meaning of a word in a text.

Homograph Meaning 1 Meaning 2
bow a type of knot or tie to bend forward
wind to turn or twist movement of air

Enrichment through interpretation: Homographs make reading more dynamic. We engage with the text to interpret meaning, which can enhance comprehension and retention.

  • Bass could be a low, deep voice or a type of fish, prompting readers to analyze the text more critically.

Through careful usage and context, homographs serve as valuable literary devices that contribute to the sophistication and enjoyment of literary works.

Cognitive Processing of Homographs

When we encounter homographs, our brains determine their meaning using the surrounding text for context and the specific neurological pathways associated with language processing.

Contextual Interpretation

We interpret homographs based on the words around them. This contextual information is vital because homographs are spelled identically but have different meanings and sometimes different pronunciations. For example, in the sentence “I can’t bear this cold weather,” the context indicates that “bear” refers to enduring, not the animal.

  • Sentence Context: Helps to distinguish between meanings.
  • Pronunciation: Can change depending on the meaning; context guides us.

Neurological Aspects

Our brains process homographs through complex cognitive functions. Research with imaging techniques like fMRI reveals that specific areas, such as the left inferior frontal gyrus, activate more when we encounter these words.

Brain Regions Involved:

  • Left Inferior Frontal Gyrus
  • Wernicke’s Area for comprehension
  • Broca’s Area for production

By understanding these processes, we can appreciate the astonishing ability of our brains to make sense of language’s complexities.

Homographs | Pictures

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Homographs Video

Learn a list of homographs illustrated with pictures and a pronunciation video.

Frequently Asked Questions

What is the definition of homographs and can you provide examples?

Homographs are words that are spelled the same but have different meanings and sometimes different pronunciations. For example, “lead” (to guide) and “lead” (a metal).

How do you use homographs in sentences?

We use homographs based on context, which provides clues to their meaning and pronunciation. For instance, “I will lead the way” versus “The pipes are made of lead.”

What are some common homographs suitable for students in Grade 3 to learn?

Grade 3 students can learn homographs like “bat” (the flying mammal and a piece of sports equipment), “fair” (equitable or a gathering), and “bark” (the sound a dog makes or the outer layer of a tree).

How can one correctly pronounce homographs?

We determine the correct pronunciation of homographs by examining their role in a sentence. For instance, “record” (to capture) is often pronounced with an accent on the second syllable, while “record” (a vinyl disk) accentuates the first.

Resources Related to Homographs

Homophones List