List of Diseases: Common Disease Names with Pictures

Last Updated on November 16, 2023

If you have found yourself ill whilst in an English speaking country or you wish to speak to someone about a disease which you have, then it will be hugely beneficial for you to know the English names for diseases.

This is also really useful information for anyone who is studying medicine and the human body as well as being very handy for reading texts on the subject or watching English TV shows.

Common Diseases

You are now going to learn the correct English names for a whole host of diseases.

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List of Diseases

  • Runny nose
  • Broken bone
  • Bruise
  • Sunburn
  • Chills
  • Backache
  • Nausea
  • Dizziness
  • Flu
  • Stomachache
  • Fever
  • Snakebite
  • Cough

Learn more with other illnesses and medical treatments at the doctor‘s office.

Common Disease Names with Pictures and Examples

Learn common disease list in English with useful pictures and example sentences. Illness is generally used as a synonym for disease.

Learn more with a list of useful treatments for common diseases in English.

Runny nose

  • A condition in which the nose produces excessive mucus, often a symptom of allergies or a cold.
  • Example: The person had a runny nose and sneezed frequently, so they took allergy medication to relieve their symptoms.

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Broken bone

  • A fracture or break in one of the bones of the body, often caused by an injury or accident.
  • Example: The person fell off their bike and broke their leg, so they had to wear a cast to allow it to heal.

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Bruise

  • A discoloration of the skin caused by damage to blood vessels under the skin, often caused by an injury or impact.
  • Example: The person had a bruise on their arm after they accidentally bumped into a table.

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Sunburn

  • A condition in which the skin becomes red, painful, and irritated after exposure to the sun’s ultraviolet (UV) rays.
  • Example: The person forgot to apply sunscreen and got a painful sunburn after spending the day at the beach.

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Chills

  • A sudden feeling of coldness and shivering, often accompanied by fever or illness.
  • Example: The person had chills and a fever, so they stayed home from work to rest and recover.

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Backache

  • Pain or discomfort in the back, often caused by injury, poor posture, or age-related changes.
  • Example: The person had a backache after lifting heavy boxes, so they applied heat and took pain medication to relieve their symptoms.

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Nausea

  • A feeling of sickness or queasiness in the stomach, often accompanied by the urge to vomit.
  • Example: The person had nausea and felt dizzy, so they lay down and rested until they felt better.

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Dizziness

  • A feeling of lightheadedness or unsteadiness, often accompanied by a loss of balance or fainting.
  • Example: The person had dizziness and felt like they might faint, so they sat down and rested until their symptoms subsided.

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Flu

  • A contagious viral infection that causes fever, chills, muscle aches, cough, and other symptoms.
  • Example: The person had the flu and stayed home from work to avoid spreading the virus to others.

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Stomachache

  • Pain or discomfort in the stomach or abdominal area, often caused by digestive problems or illness.
  • Example: The person had a stomachache after eating spicy food, so they drank ginger tea to help soothe their stomach.

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Fever

  • A temporary increase in body temperature, often a sign of infection or illness.
  • Example: The person had a fever and took over-the-counter medication to reduce their temperature and relieve their symptoms.

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Snakebite

  • A wound caused by the venomous bite of a snake, which can be life-threatening if not treated promptly.
  • Example: The person was bitten by a snake and went to the hospital to receive antivenom treatment.

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Cough

  • A reflex action that clears the throat and airways of mucus, often a symptom of respiratory illness or allergies.
  • Example: The person had a persistent cough and went to the doctor to get a diagnosis and treatment for their underlying condition.

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100 Common Diseases in English

Here is a list of 100 common diseases in English:

  1. Cancer
  2. Diabetes
  3. Flu
  4. COVID-19
  5. Alzheimer’s disease
  6. Heart disease
  7. Stroke
  8. Depression
  9. HIV/AIDS
  10. Malaria
  11. Tuberculosis
  12. Asthma
  13. Arthritis
  14. Parkinson’s disease
  15. Multiple sclerosis
  16. Hepatitis
  17. Measles
  18. Mumps
  19. Rubella
  20. Chickenpox
  21. SARS
  22. Lyme disease
  23. Chlamydia
  24. Gonorrhea
  25. Syphilis
  26. Genital warts
  27. Herpes
  28. Influenza
  29. Polio
  30. Yellow fever
  31. Rabies
  32. Ebola
  33. Smallpox
  34. Cholera
  35. Typhoid fever
  36. Diphtheria
  37. Pneumonia
  38. Tuberculosis
  39. Bronchitis
  40. Emphysema
  41. Colitis
  42. Crohn’s disease
  43. Ulcerative colitis
  44. Irritable bowel syndrome
  45. Gastroenteritis
  46. Diverticulitis
  47. Appendicitis
  48. Hernia
  49. Cirrhosis
  50. Hepatitis B
  51. Hepatitis C
  52. Leukemia
  53. Lymphoma
  54. Melanoma
  55. Prostate cancer
  56. Breast cancer
  57. Ovarian cancer
  58. Endometrial cancer
  59. Cervical cancer
  60. Colon cancer
  61. Rheumatoid arthritis
  62. Osteoarthritis
  63. Gout
  64. Migraine
  65. Epilepsy
  66. Schizophrenia
  67. Bipolar disorder
  68. Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD)
  69. Autism spectrum disorder
  70. Obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD)
  71. Post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD)
  72. Anemia
  73. Hemophilia
  74. Sickle cell anemia
  75. Thalassemia
  76. Hypothyroidism
  77. Hyperthyroidism
  78. Addison’s disease
  79. Cushing’s syndrome
  80. Multiple sclerosis
  81. Muscular dystrophy
  82. ALS (Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis)
  83. Huntington’s disease
  84. Alzheimer’s disease
  85. Dementia
  86. Parkinson’s disease
  87. Epidermolysis bullosa
  88. Dermatitis
  89. Psoriasis
  90. Eczema
  91. Acne
  92. Rosacea
  93. Shingles
  94. Athlete’s foot
  95. Ringworm
  96. Jock itch
  97. Impotence
  98. Infertility
  99. Menopause
  100. Andropause

Health Vocabulary in English

Learn health vocabulary in English

Learn common diseases and different types of doctors with American English pronunciation.

Frequently Asked Questions

How is health vocabulary used in everyday conversations?

Health vocabulary is frequently used when discussing personal well-being, medical appointments, and general experiences with illness. Becoming familiar with common health terms will help you clearly convey and understand medical information with others.

Which common illnesses are most frequently discussed?

Common illnesses often discussed include the flu, common cold, allergies, diabetes, and high blood pressure. These diseases impact many people, so knowing the vocabulary will help you discuss them with friends, family, and healthcare professionals.

What are the key terms related to sickness and disease?

Key terms related to sickness and disease include diagnosis, symptoms, treatment, prevention, and recovery. By familiarizing yourself with these terms, you’ll be better equipped to understand medical information and engage in conversations about health.

How can I expand my ESL health vocabulary?

To expand your health vocabulary, try reading medical articles, watching educational videos, and engaging in conversations about health with native English speakers. Additionally, make a habit of practicing new words and phrases regularly to reinforce your learning.

What are the most common diseases for English language learners to know?

Some common diseases for English language learners to know include asthma, diabetes, arthritis, hypertension, and seasonal allergies. By learning about these prevalent conditions, you’ll be more prepared to discuss and understand health topics in everyday life. 

Diseases Vocabulary Practice

Flashcards

Listening Practice

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