At The Doctor’s Vocabulary: Diseases and Treatments in English

At The Doctor’s Vocabulary! List of diseases and treatments with pictures and examples to increase your vocabulary words in English. When you pay a visit to the doctors there are a lot of terms that you might need to be able to understand and communicate. The reason that this is so important is because your health is the most important thing you have and so understanding the things that are happening at the doctor will benefit more than your language skills.

In this section, you will be learning all the vocabulary that you will need when attending the doctors in an English speaking country.

At The Doctor’s Vocabulary

List of Diseases and Treatments


  • Fever
  • High blood pressure
  • Broken arm
  • Injury
  • Diabetes
  • Sore finger
  • Toothache
  • Stomachache
  • Sprain


  • Bed rest
  • Blood tests
  • Diet
  • Surgery
  • Exercise
  • Physical therapy
  • Shot (U.S)/ Jab (U.K)
  • Massage
  • X-ray
  • Eye exam
  • Pressure measuring
  • Examination
  • Infusion

Common Disease Names with Examples and Pictures

Illness is generally used as a synonym for disease. Treatments or medical therapies are efforts to cure or improve a disease or other health problems.


– He’s got a headache and a slight fever.

High blood pressure

High blood pressure imposes an extra load on the heart.

Broken arm

– Jackson had a broken arm.


– He suffered a serious injury that obliged him to give up work.


– My doctor wants me to be tested for diabetes.

Sore finger

– He used his sore finger as a pretext for not going to school.


– I have got toothache, so I must go to a dentist.


– He was so nervous that he got a stomachache.


– The most common type of sprain is the ankle sprain.

Treatment Names with Examples and Pictures

Bed rest

– The doctor puts his foot in a cast and imposes bed rest.

Blood tests

– They did blood tests on him for signs of vitamin deficiency.


Diet and exercise are equally important.


– Your condition is serious and requires surgery.


– You need to take some exercise to loosen up your muscles.

Physical therapy

– The doctor said she should be given a physical therapy.

Shot (U.S)/ Jab (U.K)

– The nurse is coming to give you a shot. 


Massage may help to increase blood flow to specific areas of the body.


– She was advised to have an X-ray.

Eye exam

– The best way to prevent vision loss is to get routine eye exams.

Pressure measuring

– The doctor required that she needed to take pressure measuring.


– When an examination is in order, the doctors do it.


– Doctors prepared an infusion of medicinal herbs.

At The Doctor’s Vocabulary | Image

At The Doctor's Vocabulary: Illnesses and Treatments in English

Health Vocabulary in English

Learn health vocabulary in English

Learn common diseases and different types of doctors video lessons with American English pronunciation.

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