Illnesses and Treatments in English | At The Doctor’s Vocabulary

English vocabulary to use at the doctor's

Illnesses and Treatments vocabulary in English.

Illness is generally used as a synonym for disease. However, this term is occasionally used to refer specifically to the patient’s personal experience of his or her disease.

Treatments or medical therapies are efforts to cure or improve a disease or other health problems. Common treatments include medications, surgery, medical devices, and self-care. Treatments may be provided by an organized health care system, or informally, by the patient or family members.

Common Illnesses and Treatments



– He’s got a headache and a slight fever.

High blood pressure

High blood pressure imposes an extra load on the heart.

Broken arm

– Jackson had a broken arm.


– He suffered a serious injury that obliged him to give up work.


– My doctor wants me to be tested for diabetes.

Sore finger

– He used his sore finger as a pretext for not going to school.


– I have got toothache, so I must go to a dentist.


– He was so nervous that he got a stomachache.


– The most common type of sprain is the ankle sprain.


Bed rest

– The doctor puts his foot in a cast and imposes bed rest.

Blood tests

– They did blood tests on him for signs of vitamin deficiency.


Diet and exercise are equally important.


– Your condition is serious and requires surgery.


– You need to take some exercise to loosen up your muscles.

Physical therapy

– The doctor said she should be given a physical therapy.

Shot (U.S)/ Jab (U.K)

– The nurse is coming to give you a shot. 


Massage may help to increase blood flow to specific areas of the body.


– She was advised to have an X-ray.

Eye exam

– The best way to prevent vision loss is to get routine eye exams.

Pressure measuring

– The doctor required that she needed to take pressure measuring.


– When an examination is in order, the doctors do it.


– Doctors prepared an infusion of medicinal herbs.

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