At The Doctor’s Vocabulary: Diseases and Treatments in English

When you pay a visit to the doctors there are a lot of terms that you might need to be able to understand and communicate. The reason that this is so important is because your health is the most important thing you have and so understanding the things that are happening at the doctor will benefit more than your language skills.

In this section, you will be learning all the vocabulary that you will need when attending the doctors in an English speaking country.

At The Doctor’s Vocabulary

At The Doctor's Vocabulary: Illnesses and Treatments in EnglishPin

List of Diseases and Treatments

Diseases

  • Fever
  • High blood pressure
  • Broken arm
  • Injury
  • Diabetes
  • Sore finger
  • Toothache
  • Stomachache
  • Sprain

Treatments

  • Bed rest
  • Blood tests
  • Diet
  • Surgery
  • Exercise
  • Physical therapy
  • Shot (U.S)/ Jab (U.K)
  • Massage
  • X-ray
  • Eye exam
  • Pressure measuring
  • Examination
  • Infusion

Common Disease Names with Examples and Pictures

Illness is generally used as a synonym for disease. Treatments or medical therapies are efforts to cure or improve a disease or other health problems.

Fever

  • A temporary increase in body temperature, often a sign of infection or illness.
  • Example: The person had a fever and felt achy and tired, so they stayed home from work to rest.

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High blood pressure

  • A condition in which the force of blood against the walls of the arteries is too high, which can lead to health problems.
  • Example: The doctor prescribed medication to help lower the patient’s high blood pressure and reduce their risk of heart disease.

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Broken arm

  • A fracture or break in one of the bones of the arm, typically caused by an injury or accident.
  • Example: The person fell off their bike and broke their arm, so they went to the hospital to get it treated.

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Injury

  • Damage or harm caused to the body, often as a result of an accident or physical activity.
  • Example: The athlete suffered an injury during the game and had to sit out for the rest of the season to recover.

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Diabetes

  • A chronic condition in which the body is unable to properly regulate blood sugar levels, leading to a range of health problems.
  • Example: The person was diagnosed with diabetes and had to make significant changes to their diet and lifestyle to manage their condition.

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Sore finger

  • Pain or discomfort in one or more fingers, often caused by overuse or injury.
  • Example: The person accidentally slammed their finger in the car door and had a sore finger for several days.

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Toothache

  • Pain or discomfort in one or more teeth, often caused by dental problems or injury.
  • Example: The person had a toothache and went to the dentist to get it treated and relieve the pain.

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Stomachache

  • Pain or discomfort in the stomach or abdominal area, often caused by digestive problems or illness.
  • Example: The person had a stomachache and had to stay home from work to rest and recover.

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Sprain

  • An injury to a ligament, often caused by stretching or tearing from sudden movements or impact.
  • Example: The athlete suffered a sprain in their ankle and had to wear a brace and rest to allow it to heal.

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Treatment Names with Examples and Pictures

Bed rest

  • A period of time during which a person is required to stay in bed to recover from an illness or injury.
  • Example: The doctor prescribed bed rest for the patient to allow their body to heal after surgery.

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Blood tests

  • Medical tests that analyze a sample of blood to evaluate various aspects of a person’s health.
  • Example: The doctor ordered blood tests to check the patient’s cholesterol levels and liver function.

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Diet

  • The types and amounts of food that a person eats, often prescribed to improve health or treat medical conditions.
  • Example: The nutritionist recommended a low-fat, low-sugar diet to help the patient manage their diabetes.

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Surgery

  • A medical procedure in which a surgeon operates on a person’s body to treat an injury, illness, or deformity.
  • Example: The patient underwent surgery to remove a tumor from their lung and improve their chances of recovery.

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Exercise

  • Physical activity performed to improve health, fitness, and overall well-being.
  • Example: The person went for a run every morning as part of their exercise routine to maintain their cardiovascular health.

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Physical therapy

  • A type of treatment that uses exercises, stretches, and other techniques to help a person recover from an injury or illness.
  • Example: The person went to physical therapy to help regain strength and mobility after a car accident.

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Shot (U.S)/ Jab (U.K)

  • A type of injection that delivers medication or a vaccine into a person’s body.
  • Example: The person received a shot to protect against the flu and other seasonal illnesses.

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Massage

  • A therapeutic technique that involves manipulating the body’s muscles and soft tissues to promote relaxation and relieve pain.
  • Example: The person went to a spa to get a massage to help relieve their muscle tension and stress.

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X-ray

  • A type of medical imaging that uses radiation to produce images of the body’s internal structures.
  • Example: The doctor ordered an X-ray to check for broken bones after the person fell down the stairs.

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Eye exam

  • A medical examination that evaluates a person’s vision and eye health.
  • Example: The person went to the optometrist for an eye exam to update their glasses prescription and check for signs of eye disease.

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Pressure measuring

  • A medical test that measures a person’s blood pressure, often used to evaluate cardiovascular health.
  • Example: The nurse used a sphygmomanometer to take the person’s blood pressure and monitor their cardiovascular health.

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Examination

  • A medical evaluation of a person’s body or a specific part of their body to check for signs of illness or injury.
  • Example: The doctor performed a thorough examination of the patient’s abdomen to check for any signs of digestive problems.

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Infusion

  • A medical treatment that involves delivering fluids, medication, or nutrients directly into a person’s bloodstream through a vein.
  • Example: The person received an infusion of antibiotics to treat a serious bacterial infection.

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Health Vocabulary in English

Learn health vocabulary in English

Learn common diseases and different types of doctors video lessons with American English pronunciation.

Last Updated on November 16, 2023

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