Indicted Meaning: What Does This Legal Term Mean?

Learning the meaning of the term “indicted” is essential for those seeking to expand their English vocabulary, especially when diving into legal terminology. As you continue learning English, you will encounter the term indicted in various contexts, such as news articles, courtroom dramas, and discussions of legal matters in general. So, let us shed light on the meaning of this word and guide you through how you can use it in various situations.

Key Takeaways

  • Indicted refers to the formal accusation of a crime in legal contexts.
  • Being indicted does not equal a conviction; it is the process of being charged.
  • The term is commonly found in the news, courtroom dramas, and legal discussions.

Indicted Meaning

Indicted Meaning: What Does This Legal Term Mean?

What Does Indicted Mean?

Indicted is a term used in legal contexts and is particularly important to understand if you are learning English for law-related purposes. It refers to the situation when a person has been formally charged with a crime by a grand jury or a court of law. When a person is indicted, they are officially accused of committing a crime and will have to face legal proceedings.

For example, if a person is accused of committing fraud, they may be brought before a grand jury, which would examine the evidence and decide if the person should be indicted. If the grand jury believes there is enough evidence to support the accusation, they will issue an indictment, and the person will be formally charged with the crime.

Origin of Indicted

Indicted is a legal term that has its roots in the English language. It is derived from the verb indict, which is formed from the combination of the prefix in- and the Latin word dictare, meaning ‘to declare’. The original meaning of indict revolved around formally accusing someone of a crime. Over time, its usage has evolved, and the term has become focused solely on the act of officially charging someone with a serious crime.

Commonly Confused Terms with Indicted

Indicted vs. Charged

When learning about legal terminology, it’s crucial to understand the differences between similar terms. Indicted refers to the formal accusation against someone for committing a crime, usually made by a grand jury. The court will present the charges based on evidence to determine if there is probable cause to believe a crime has been committed by the accused.

Charged, on the other hand, means that the police or the prosecution has accused someone of a specific offense. This occurs before the indictment stage and doesn’t necessarily require a grand jury’s involvement. To help you remember the difference, think of charges as the initial accusation and indictment as the formal, legal process involving a grand jury.

Indicted vs. Convicted

Another common confusion is distinguishing between indicted and convicted. As mentioned earlier, being indicted means that a grand jury has formally accused a person of a crime based on the evidence presented. This means that there is enough evidence to move forward with a trial to determine the person’s guilt or innocence.

A conviction, however, occurs when the defendant is found guilty by the court, typically after a trial. A conviction is the final determination of the defendant’s guilt. While an indictment indicates that there is probable cause, a conviction requires evidence beyond a reasonable doubt. Therefore, an indictment is a crucial step in the legal process, but it’s not the same as being convicted of a crime.

Indicted vs. Arrested

Lastly, it’s crucial to distinguish between being indicted and arrested. An arrest happens when the police take a person into custody based on suspicion of criminal activity. This can occur before or after the person has been charged or indicted, depending on the circumstances surrounding the alleged crime. Remember, an arrest is physical, while an indictment is a legal process that involves a grand jury.

Indicted Examples

Examples of Indicted in Conversations

Here are some examples of how you might hear the word “indicted” used in conversations:

Conversation 1

  • Person A: I heard the CEO of that company got indicted for fraud.
  • Person B: Yeah, it’s crazy how many people are being charged these days.

Conversation 2

  • Person A: Did you read about the politician who was indicted for corruption?
  • Person B: It’s so disappointing when people in power abuse their positions.

Conversation 3

  • Person A: The entire board of directors was indicted for embezzlement.
  • Person B: I wonder how this will affect their company’s future.

Examples of Indicted in Texting and Social Posts

You may also see the term “indicted” being used on social media or in text messages. Here are some examples:

  1. Twitter user:Can’t believe my favorite actor was indicted for tax evasion! #shocked #celebritynews”
  2. Reddit post: “In today’s news, a well-known entrepreneur was indicted for insider trading. What are your thoughts on this case?”
  3. Text message: “Hey, did u hear that our old classmate got indicted for racketeering? It’s all over the local news.”

Other Examples of Indicted

Apart from conversations and social media, you might encounter the word “indicted” in various other contexts. Here are some additional examples:

  • In news headlines: “Actor John Doe Indicted on Assault Charges”
  • In professional reports: “The annual financial report disclosed that multiple employees were indicted for their roles in a money laundering scheme.”
  • In legal documents: “The defendant was indicted by the grand jury under the Racketeering Influenced and Corrupt Organizations Act.”

Usage of Indicted in Different Contexts

Indicted is a verb that means to formally accuse or charge someone with a serious crime. It is often used in legal contexts. In this section, you’ll learn how to correctly use “indicted” in various contexts.

  • Legal Context: In a legal context, “indicted” is used to describe the formal charging of someone with a criminal offense by a grand jury or a prosecutor. For example, “The suspect was indicted on charges of fraud and money laundering.”
  • General Context: In a more general context, “indicted” can be used metaphorically to indicate strong criticism or condemnation. For instance, “The report indicted the company’s management for their negligent practices.”
  • Historical Context: In historical contexts, “indicted” can refer to a formal accusation or charge, especially in the context of political or social movements. For example, “The activists were indicted by the government for their role in the protest.”

Remember to use “indicted” appropriately based on context and ensure that your sentences follow the proper grammatical rules, including subject-verb agreement and tense. With these tips, you can confidently use “indicted” in different contexts and enhance your English vocabulary.

More About Indicted Terminology

Terms Related to Indicted

When discussing the term “indicted,” it’s essential to understand some related phrases used in legal contexts. An indictment is the formal document or accusation issued by a grand jury against an individual charged with a crime. A grand jury is a group of citizens that evaluates evidence and determines whether sufficient grounds exist to proceed with a trial. Lastly, due process of law ensures the accused’s fundamental rights are protected during the legal proceedings.

Synonyms for Indicted

There are several synonyms for “indicted” that you may encounter in various situations. Some common synonyms include:

  • Charged: as in, facing an official accusation for committing a crime
  • Accused: similar to charged, but often used when the criminal accusation is not yet formalized
  • Criminate: an older, less common term that means to charge someone with a crime or wrongdoing
  • Impeach: this term can be used when suggesting that someone has done something improper, but it is more often used in political contexts, such as when a public official is charged with misconduct.

Antonyms for Indicted

While there aren’t many direct antonyms for “indicted,” you can use other terms to express opposite ideas:

  • Exonerated: this means that an individual has been cleared of charges or blame
  • Acquitted: refers to a person who has been found not guilty in a court of law
  • Absolved: can be used to indicate that someone has been released from guilt, blame, or responsibility for an action.

Remember to use these terms appropriately within the context of legal discussions to ensure a clear, knowledgeable understanding.

Frequently Asked Questions

What are the possible consequences following an indictment?

Following an indictment, you may face several consequences depending on the nature and severity of the charges against you. If the court finds you guilty, you might be subjected to penalties such as fines, imprisonment, or probation. It is crucial to consult with a legal representative to understand the specific implications of the indictment in your case.

How is the word ‘indict’ used within a sentence?

The word ‘indict’ is used as a verb in a sentence to describe the act of formally charging someone with a crime. You can clearly understand its usage with the help of these examples:

  • The grand jury decided to indict the defendant on charges of fraud and embezzlement.
  • The prosecutor is gathering evidence to indict the suspect for the robbery.

Could you explain the significance of an indictment in a legal context?

In a legal context, an indictment signifies that a grand jury has found enough evidence to formally charge someone with a crime. It is a critical stage in the criminal legal process where the prosecution presents a written statement specifying the alleged offense, intending to take the accused person to trial. An indictment does not necessarily indicate guilt, but rather serves as the formal initiation of a criminal case.