Learn extensive list of linking words and phrases in English with pictures. They can be used at the start of new paragraphs in your essays.
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Linking Words and Phrases in English
Linking Words – RESULT
Function: To provide the result of what has been stated or has occurred
As a result
- His wife left him. As a result, he became very depressed.
As a consequence (of)
- She has lived in France, and as a consequence speaks French fluently.
- We do not have enough money. Therefore we cannot afford to buy the new car.
- We do not own the building. Thus, it would be impossible for us to make any major changes to it.
- There has been a great deal of rain and consequently the reservoirs are full.
- The customer was displeased with her meal, hence the chef prepared a replacement.
For this reason
- For this reason, they are not a good choice for exterior use.
- Due to a broken wing, this bird can’t fly.
Transition Words – EMPHASIS
Function: To put forward a point or idea more forcefully
- Undoubtedly, the story itself is one of the main attractions.
- I don’t mind at all. Indeed, I would be delighted to help.
- Obviously, we don’t want to spend too much money.
Particularly / in particular
- I love silver earrings, in particular ones from Mexico.
- The car is quite small, especially if you have children.
- Clearly, this will cost a lot more than we realized.
- More importantly, can he be trusted?
- He’s an absolutely brilliant cook.
- I definitely remember sending the letter.
Without a doubt
- We still believe we can win this series without a doubt.
- I’m never surprised at what I do.
It should be noted
- It should be noted that if you have something to note, then note it.
- Unquestionably, teaching has been a paramount part of his career.
- Above all, this forest is designed for wear and tear.
- This is positively the worst thing that I can even imagine.
Transition Words – ADDITION
Function:: To add to what has been previously stated
Additionally / an additional
- Additionally, the bus service will run on Sundays, every two hours.
- He said he had not discussed the matter with her. Furthermore, he had not even contacted her.
- We are unable to repair this watch. Also, this is the fourth time this has happened.
- I love wearing earrings. I design and make them too.
As well as that
- We went to the park today. As well as that, we did some shopping.
- Along with parties and parliaments, elections have lost their charm.
- I can’t afford to go to the concert. Besides, I don’t really like classical music.
- You haven’t paid the rent yet. In addition, you owe me money.
- The report is badly presented. Moreover, it contains inaccuracies.
Not only…but also
- If the project fails this will have terrible consequences not only on our department, but also on the whole organization.
In addition to this
- John’s grades are terrible because he has been so lazy these days. In addition to this, his relationship to his parents got worse.
Apart from this
- Apart from this paragraph, the report contains a number of sensible initiatives.
Transition Words – REASON
Function: To provide reasons for what has been stated or has occurred
- We were unable to go by train because of the rail strike.
With this in mind
- With this in mind, we must ensure more job security.
- In fact, the fighting became even more brutal on Sunday.
In order to
- In order to achieve this, we need a budget.
- The event is off due to a scheduling error.
Transition Words – ILLUSTRATION
Function: To provide examples
For example/ For instance
- There are many interesting places to visit in the city, for example/ for instance, the botanical garden or the art museum.
- I prefer to wear casual clothes, such as jeans and a sweatshirt.
- Including Christmas Day and Boxing Day, I’ve got a week off work.
- We need to concentrate on our target audience, namely women aged between 20 and 30.
In this case
- I think I would have made a difference in this case.
Proof of this
- This building are a living proof of this existence, so we must preserve it.
- I also make other jewellery like rings and bracelets.
To demonstrate/ To clarify
- Regarding my previous email, I would like to clarify one of my sentences which was not that clear.
Linking Words – CONTRAST
Function: To show how things are different
- Unlike most systems, this one is very easy to install.
- There is little chance that we will succeed in changing the law. Nevertheless, it is important that we try.
On the other hand
- Laptops are convenient; on the other hand, they can be expensive.
- The problems are not serious. Nonetheless, we shall need to tackle them soon.
Despite / in spite of
- Despite/ In spite of the rain, I went for a walk.
In contrast (to)
- In contrast to the diligent bee, the butterfly flies hither and yon with no apparent purpose.
- While London is exciting, it is much too busy.
- Life in the city is fast, whereas life in the countryside is slow.
- The agency will make travel arrangements for you. Alternatively, you can organize your own transport.
- Northern European countries had a great summer. On the contrary/conversely, southern Europe had poor weather.
- Even so, many old friends were shocked at the announcement.
- Differing from his white colleagues, he preferred instructing his scholars to the ambition of acquiring personal renown.
- The situation in Ireland is quite contrary to this principle.
Linking Words – COMPARISON
Function: To show how things are similar
- Similarly, the basketball and hockey games draw nearly full attendance.
- Equally, not all customers are honest.
- Her second marriage was likewise unhappy.
- She’s just as smart as her sister.
- Working with housecats is just like working with lions or tigers.
- Some people say I have a running style similar to him.
- Having a power is not the same as using the power.
Compare / compare(d) to (with)
- He gets the ball off quickly compared to two years ago.
By the same token
- Teenagers should be more respectful; by the same token, parents should be more understanding.
In the same way
- Alex enjoys telling jokes; in the same way/similarly, his son adores funny stories.
- Correspondingly, the roles each of them played were soon different.
Linking Words – ORDER
1. Function: To indicate the order of what is being said
- Firstly, I prefer the train because I can see the landscape
- Secondly, I have control over my luggage.
- Thirdly, it is better for the environment.
- Finally, I got an A in Math.
At this time
- At this time, the young man leapt into the air and flew off towards sunset.
- They arrived on Monday evening and we got there the following day.
- I had visited them three days previously.
- Your name is before mine on the list.
- Subsequently, new guidelines were issued to all employees.
2. Function: To mark the end of an ascending order
- Above all, keep in touch.
Lastly and most importantly
- Lastly, and most importantly, you should be optimistic.
Last but not least
- Last but not least, I find I seriously cannot relate to women.
3. Definition: To mark the beginning of a descending order
First and foremost…
- We will continue to focus on our players first and foremost.
Linking Words – SUMMARY
Function: To sum up what has been previously stated
- In conclusion, walking is a cheap, safe, enjoyable and readily available form of exercise.
- To summarise, this is a clever approach to a common problem.
- The food was good and we loved the music. Altogether it was a great evening.
- His novels belong to a great but vanished age. They are, in short, old-fashioned.
To sum up
- To sum up, there are three main ways of tackling the problem…
- In summary, this was a disappointing performance.
- Briefly, our team is now one of the best in the world.
- To conclude, I want to wish you all a very happy holiday season.
Linking Words – CONDITION
Function: To provide a condition to what has been stated
- If anyone calls, tell them I’m not at home.
In that case
- I’ve made up my mind.’ ‘In that case, there’s no point discussing it.
- Take an umbrella in case it rains.
- Unless I’m mistaken, she was back at work yesterday.
Linking Words – CONCESSION
Function: To accept a point or idea with reservation
- Admittedly, it is rather expensive but you don’t need to use much.
All the same
- My parents treated us all the same when we were kids.
Up to a point
- Their plan worked up to a point.
- Even so, many old friends were shocked at the announcement.
In spite of
- In spite of the fact that he is rich, he lives in a small house.
- Although/ Even though he is rich, he lives in a small house.
- He is poor and has no house, but even if he had money, he wouldn’t buy a house.
- She has the window open, however cold it is outside.
Transition Words – GENERALISATION
Function: To make a general statement
As a rule
- As a general rule vegetable oils are better for you than animal fats.
For the most part
- For the most part, there are two types of lyric generators.
In general/ Generally
- In general, Japanese cars are very reliable and breakdowns are rare.
On the whole
- On the whole, I think it is a good idea but I would still like to study it further.
- Overall, this is a very useful book.
In most cases
- In most cases they escape the attention of the wider public.
Transition Words – RESTATEMENT
Function: To express an alternative to what has been previously stated
In other words
- In other words, the elephant is already dancing with the dragon.
To put it differently
- To put it differently, we use one ear to listen to one another, the other ear to listen to the water.
Useful Linking Words and Phrases | Picture
Useful linking words and phrases in English.