english nouns

NOUNS: What is a Noun? Useful Rules, List & Examples

English Nouns List! What is a noun? Learn noun definition and useful list of nouns in English with different types. Learn noun examples and handy grammar rules with ESL printable worksheets.

What Is A Noun?

What is a noun? Noun is described as words that refer to a personplacethingeventsubstancequalityquantity, etc.

Noun is a part of speech typically denoting a person, place, thing, animal or idea.

There are many different types of nouns in English, each designed to serve a different purpose in an English sentence.

types of nouns

List of Nouns in English with Different Types

Learn useful list of nouns in English with different types and relevant noun examples.

Concrete Nouns

What is a Concrete Noun?

Concrete nouns are people, places, or things that we can experience with our five senses. Concrete nouns can be divided into common nouns and proper nouns.

List of Nouns – Concrete Noun Examples

  • Armchair
  • Aunt
  • Ball
  • Bermudas
  • Beans
  • Balloon
  • Bear
  • Blouse
  • Bed
  • Baby
  • Book
  • Blender
  • Bucket
  • Bakery
  • Bow
  • Bridge
  • Boat
  • Car
  • Cow
  • Cap
  • Cooker
  • Cheeks
  • Crest
  • Chest
  • Chair
  • Candy
  • Cabinet
  • Cat
  • Coffee
  • Charlie
  • Dog
  • Deer
  • Donkey
  • Desk
  • Desktop
  • Dentist
  • Drum
  • Dresser
  • Designer
  • Detective
  • Frog
  • Fan
  • Freezer
  • Fish
  • Film
  • Foot
  • Flag
  • Guest
  • Hamburger
  • Jewelry

List of Nouns – Concrete Nouns Image

Concrete Noun Examples

Abstract Nouns

What are Abstract Nouns?

Abstract nouns refer to abstract objects which you cannot see, hear, touch, smell, or taste (ideas or concepts).

List of Nouns – Abstract Noun Examples

  • Awareness
  • Awe
  • Beauty
  • Belief
  • Childhood
  • Clarity
  • Cleverness
  • Confusion
  • Contentment
  • Courage
  • Crime
  • Growth
  • Happiness
  • Hate
  • Hatred
  • Inflation
  • Insanity
  • Intelligence
  • Joy
  • Justice
  • Kindness
  • Laughter
  • Law
  • Liberty
  • Love
  • Luck
  • Luxury
  • Maturity
  • Need
  • Opinion
  • Opportunity
  • Pain
  • Principle
  • Reality
  • Relaxation
  • Sanity
  • Satisfaction
  • Self-control
  • Speed
  • Strenght
  • Strictness
  • Tiredness
  • Tolerance
  • Trend
  • Union
  • Unreality
  • Victory
  • Wariness
  • Warmth
  • Wealth

List of Nouns – Abstract Nouns Image

Abstract Noun Examples

Countable and Uncountable Nouns

Countable and Uncountable nouns vary from language to language. In some languages, there are no countable nouns. In addition, some nouns that are uncountable in English may be countable in other languages.

Countable and Uncountable Nouns

Countable Nouns

Countable nouns are individual objects, people, places, etc. which can be counted.

Countable Noun Examples

  • Apple
  • School
  • Student
  • Picture
  • House
  • Tree
  • Box
  • Book
  • Customer
  • Friend

Uncountable Nouns

Uncountable Nouns Definition

Uncountable Nouns are substances, concepts, materials, information… that we cannot divide into separate elements. They can’t be counted.

List of Nouns – Uncountable Nouns List

  • Access
  • Adulthood
  • Alcohol
  • Business
  • Blood
  • Botany
  • Bacon
  • Chaos
  • Clothing
  • Confidence
  • Compassion
  • Calm
  • Cotton
  • Childhood
  • Coffee
  • Danger
  • Data
  • Dancing
  • Distribution
  • Dirt
  • Duty
  • Education
  • Economics
  • Equipment
  • Fame
  • Freedom
  • Glass
  • Grass
  • Golf
  • Hair
  • Hardware
  • Hydrogen
  • Hatred
  • Hunger
  • Honey
  • Importance
  • Intelligence
  • Industry
  • Jealousy
  • Jam
  • Jewelery
  • Innocence
  • Iron
  • Linguistics
  • Light
  • Loneliness
  • Music
  • Meat
  • Nurture
  • Psychology

NOTE: Some nouns are both countable and uncountable. They have been put in bold.

List of Nouns – Uncountable Noun Examples

Uncountable Noun Examples

Collective Nouns

What are Collective Nouns?

Collective nouns are names for a collection or a number of people or things. Words like group, herd, and array are collective noun examples.

Collective Noun Examples

  • Herd
  • Pack
  • Flock
  • Swarm
  • Shoal
  • Group
  • Crowd
  • Gang
  • Mob
  • Staff
  • Crew
  • Choir
  • Orchestra
  • Panel
  • Board
  • Troupe
  • Bunch
  • Pile
  • Heap
  • Set
  • Stack
  • Series
  • Shower
  • Fall

List of Nouns – Collective Nouns Image

Collective Noun Examples

Compound Nouns

Compound Nouns Definition

Compound nouns are words for people, animals, places, things, or ideas, made up of two or more words. Most compound nouns are made with nouns that have been modified by adjectives or other nouns.

List of Nouns – Compound Noun Examples

  • Airline
  • Airport
  • Aircraft
  • Armchair
  • Boyfriend
  • Battlefield
  • Briefcase
  • Butterfly
  • Countdown
  • Comeback
  • Background
  • Cupboard
  • Chopstick
  • Classmate
  • Daredevil
  • Daydream
  • Dragonfly
  • Everybody
  • Everything
  • Fireworks
  • Football
  • Footprint
  • Greenhouse
  • Hallway
  • Handcuff
  • Haircut
  • Homework
  • Horsefly
  • Houseboat
  • Inside
  • Moonlight
  • Myself
  • Notebook
  • Overdue
  • Pancake
  • Partnership
  • Photocopy
  • Raincoat
  • Rattlesnake
  • Ringworm
  • Skyscraper
  • Sandcastle
  • Snowboard
  • Sunshine
  • Teardrop
  • Teacup
  • Teapot
  • Thunderstorm
  • Timetable
  • Yourself

Compound Nouns List

Compound Noun Examples

Possessive Nouns

Possessive Nouns Definition

Possessive nouns are nouns that show ownership or possession. Normally these words would be a singular or plural noun, but in the possessive form they are used as adjectives to modify another a noun or pronoun.

Possessive Noun Examples

  • Cat’s toy
  • Charles’s car
  • Chris’s exam
  • Children’s clothes
  • Men’s shoes
  • Babies’ shoes
  • Lemons’ acidity
  • Owls’ eyes
  • Sister’s room
  • Jim’s pen
  • My mom’s bag

Possessive Noun Examples

Forming Possessive Nouns

Regular Plural Nouns

Forming Regular Plural Nouns

How to form regular plural nouns in English.

  • Most singular nouns are made plural by adding -s to the end of the singular form.
  • When a noun ends in a sibilant sound – /s/, /z/, /ʃ/, /ʒ/, /tʃ/ or /dʒ/ – the plural is formed by adding -es, or -s if the singular already ends in -e.
  • The plural form of some nouns that end in ‘f’ or ‘fe’ is made by changing the ending to -V(es).
  • When a noun ends in “o” preceded by a consonant, the plural in many cases is spelled by adding -es.
  • Nouns that end in ‘o’ preceded by a vowel are made plural by adding -s.
  • When the ‘y’ follows a consonant, changing ‘y’ to ‘i’ and adding -es.
  • When the ‘y’ follows a vowel, the plural is formed by retaining the ‘y’ and adding -s.

Regular Plural Noun Examples

  • car – cars
  • bag – bags
  • table – tables
  • house – houses
  • dog – dogs
  • kiss – kisses
  • dish – dishes
  • witch – witches
  • judge – judges
  • half – halves
  • hoof – hooves
  • calf – calves
  • elf – elves
  • shelf – shelves
  • leaf – leaves
  • loaf – loaves
  • thief – thieves
  • wolf – wolves
  • life – lives
  • knife – knives
  • scarf – scarves
  • wife – wives
  • cuff – cuffs
  • knockoff – knockoffs
  • chef – chefs
  • belief – beliefs
  • roof – roofs
  • chief – chiefs
  • potato – potatoes
  • tomato – tomatoes
  • hero – heroes
  • echo – echoes
  • veto – vetoes
  • domino – dominoes
  • mosquito – mosquitoes
  • volcano – volcanoes
  • piano – pianos
  • photo – photos
  • halo – halos
  • soprano – sopranos
  • radio – radios
  • stereo – stereos
  • video – videos
  • country – countries
  • family – families
  • cherry – cherries
  • lady – ladies
  • puppy – puppies
  • party – parties
  • holiday – holidays

Irregular Plural Nouns

Irregular Plural Nouns Definition

Irregular plural nouns are nouns that do not become plural by adding -s or -es, as most nouns in the English language do. For example, the plural form of man is men, not mans. The plural form of woman is women, not womans.

Irregular Plural Noun Examples

  • Aircraft – aircraft
  • Barracks – barracks
  • Deer – deer
  • Gallows – gallows
  • Moose – moose
  • Salmon – salmon
  • Hovercraft – hovercraft
  • Spacecraft – spacecraft
  • Series – series
  • Species – species
  • Means – means
  • Offspring – offspring
  • Deer – deer
  • Fish – fish
  • Sheep – sheep
  • Offspring – offspring
  • Trout – trout
  • Swine – swine
  • Person – people
  • Ox – oxen
  • Man – men
  • Woman – women
  • Caveman – cavemen
  • Policeman – policemen
  • Child – children
  • Tooth – teeth
  • Foot – feet
  • Goose – geese
  • Mouse – mice
  • Louse – lice
  • Penny – pence
  • Index – indices /indexes
  • Matrix – matrices
  • Vertex – vertices
  • Appendix – appendices
  • Alumnus – alumni
  • Corpus – corpora
  • Census – censuses
  • Focus – foci
  • Genus – genera
  • Prospectus – prospectuses
  • Radius – radii
  • Campus – campuses
  • Succubus – succubi

Irregular Plural Noun Examples

Irregular Plural Noun Examples

Gender of Nouns in English

Learn the Gender of Nouns and List of Masculine and Feminine Words in English:

  • Masculine – Feminine
  • Sir – Madam
  • Uncle – Aunt
  • Nephew – Niece
  • Wizard – Witch
  • Hart – Roe
  • Drake – Duck
  • Lion – Lioness
  • Priest – Priestess
  • Prophet – Prophetess
  • Patron – Patroness
  • Host – Hostess
  • Viscount – Viscountess
  • Shepherd – Shepherdess
  • Steward – Stewardess
  • Heir – Heiress
  • Baron – Baroness
  • Peer – Peeress
  • Abbot – Abbess
  • Emperor – Empress
  • Traitor – Traitress
  • Actor – Actress
  • Benefactor – Benefactress
  • Hunter – Huntress
  • Tempter – Temptress
  • Master – Mistress
  • Tiger – Tigress
  • Duke – Duchess
  • Enchanter – Enchantress
  • Songster – Songstress
  • Hero – Heroine
  • Sultan – Sultana
  • Czar – Czarina
  • Signor – Signora
  • Manservant – Maidservant
  • He-goat – She-goat
  • Cock-sparrow – Hen-sparrow
  • Bull-calf – Cow-calf
  • Grandfather – Grandmother
  • Landlord – Landlady
  • Milkman – Milkmaid
  • Peacock – Peahen
  • Giant – Giantess
  • Count – Countess

Gender of Nouns

Gender of Nouns

NOUNS: Useful Grammar Rules, List & Examples

English Nouns

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