Parts of a Cow with Pictures

When it comes to understanding the anatomy of a cow, visual vocabulary plays a crucial role. As a farmer or a student of veterinary science, it is important to be familiar with the different parts of a cow and how they function. In this article, you are going to be able to learn the English names for the various parts of a cow which will help you greatly in any situation where these animals are the topic of conversation.

Parts of a Cow: Useful Cow Anatomy with PicturesPin

Parts of a Cow

  • Ear
  • Horn
  • Forehead
  • Eye
  • Nostril
  • Muzzle
  • Neck
  • Dewlap
  • Shoulder
  • Brisket
  • Knee
  • Hoof
  • Dewclaw
  • Chest floor
  • Elbow
  • Fore udder
  • Teat
  • Toes
  • Heel
  • Hock
  • Stifle
  • Switch
  • Flank
  • Thigh
  • Tail
  • Back
  • Withers
  • Hook
  • Loin

Parts of a Cow: Useful Cow Anatomy with PicturesPin

Cow Body Parts Words with Pictures and Examples


The ear of a cow is also used by farmers to monitor the health and well-being of their animals.


Horns are an important part of a cow’s anatomy, as they help regulate body temperature and blood flow.


The dairy farmer wiped the cow’s forehead with a damp cloth to keep it cool during hot weather.


The veterinarian prescribed eye drops to treat the cow’s conjunctivitis.


The rancher noticed a tick on the cow’s nostril and removed it with tweezers.


The farmer put a muzzle on the cow to prevent it from eating too much.


The farmer put a tag on the cow’s neck to identify it in the herd.


The dewlap is a characteristic feature of many vertebrates, including cows.


When buying beef, I always ask for a shoulder cut because it is more affordable than other cuts.


The brisket is located in the lower chest area of the cow and is known for its rich, beefy flavor.


The knee of a cow is often inspected for signs of injury or disease during meat processing.


The hoof of a cow is made up of a tough and durable material called keratin.


In some breeds of cows, such as the Jersey, the dewclaws may be more pronounced and may even have small hooves attached.

Chest floor

The chest floor of a cow contains several important muscles that are used for movement and support.


The elbow of a cow can be injured if the animal falls or experiences trauma to the front leg.

Fore udder

Milking the fore udder requires a different technique than milking the rear udder of the cow.


The teats of a cow can be sensitive, and rough handling can cause discomfort or pain.


The toes of a cow can vary in shape and size depending on the breed of the animal.


Cows can suffer from foot problems like heel erosion if their hooves are not properly cared for.


The hock of a cow is an important part of their anatomy that helps them to move and maintain balance.


Injury to the stifle joint can cause lameness in cows.


A healthy switch is an important indicator of a cow’s overall well-being.


The flank is also a popular cut of meat in beef production.


The butcher carefully trimmed the excess fat from the cow’s thighs before packaging them for sale.


The cow’s tail is a source of gelatin, which is used in many food products.


The back of the cow is sometimes referred to as the sirloin.


When cooking a roast, it’s important to leave the withers intact to help keep the meat juicy and flavorful.


The hooks are located on the underside of the cow’s ribcage.


The loin is a tender and flavorful cut of meat from the cow.

Animal Body Parts | Video

Frequently Asked Questions

What are the external parts of a cow?

Some of the external parts of a cow include horns, forehead, nostril, muzzle, neck, shoulder, elbow, toe, hoof, teat, fore udder, tail, pin, back, ear, and eye. These parts can be used for their specific functions, such as sensing their surroundings or walking, and can vary slightly among breeds.

How do dairy cow parts differ?

Dairy cow parts are mostly similar to those of beef cattle; however, they differ in the udder area. Dairy cows have larger udders and teats, making them more capable of producing a larger volume of milk. Some breeds, such as Holstein and Jersey, have been bred specifically for their desirable dairy traits.

What are the main internal organs of a cow?

The main internal organs of a cow include the digestive organs like the rumen, reticulum, omasum, abomasum (the four compartments of the cow’s stomach), intestines, liver, pancreas, respiratory organs such as the lungs, and the circulatory system, which includes the heart and blood vessels. These organs work together to maintain the cow’s health and to process the food they consume.

What is the term for a male cow?

A male cow is commonly referred to as a bull. If a male cow is castrated (removal of testicles), it is called a steer. Bulls are often used for breeding purposes, while steers are used primarily for meat production.

What is the name for a cow’s back?

The name for a cow’s back is simply called the back. It is an important part of the cow’s anatomy, as it supports the animal’s weight and houses essential muscles that allow the cow to move and carry out daily activities. A strong and healthy back is crucial for the overall well-being of the cow.

12 thoughts on “Parts of a Cow with Pictures”

  1. Cows or bovines have knees but they are in the hind leg not the front. Some people often call the knee the stifle. It’s usually not visible with the tissue on the animal. The front leg of a bovine doesn’t have a knee, it’s called the wrist. I think the nomenclature is important, so please, use correct terminology.


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