Motorcycle Parts: Useful Parts of a Motorcycle with Pictures

Most obviously, you might need to refer to the various parts of a motorcycle if you get into difficulty with your motorcycle whilst in an English speaking country. You will much more easily be able to communicate what sort of assistance you need if you can name the parts of the motorcycle.

Knowing these intricate details is a great way to advance your English vocabulary and get your well on your way to sounding more like a native speaker.

Motorcycle Parts

A motorcycle often called a motorbike, or cycle is a two or three-wheeled motor vehicle.

Motorcycle Parts: Useful Parts of a Motorcycle with PicturesPin

List of Motorbike Parts

  • Throttle
  • Brake
  • Helmet
  • Pillion (U.K)
  • Taillight
  • Seat
  • Fuel tank
  • Engine
  • Turn signal
  • Headlight
  • Mudguard
  • Suspension
  • Tire
  • Axle
  • Muffler
  • Oil tank
  • Air filter
  • Brake pedal

Motorcycle Parts: Useful Parts of a Motorcycle with PicturesPin

Motorcycle Parts Names with Examples

Learn these motorcycle parts names to enhance your transportation vocabulary words in English.


A throttle is a device that controls the amount of fuel and air that flows into the engine, and thus the speed of the bike.

  • Example: “I had to twist the throttle to accelerate quickly and catch up with the other riders on the highway.”


Brakes on a motorcycle are the components that help slow down or stop the motorcycle. They work by applying friction to the wheels, which reduces their speed and brings the motorcycle to a halt.

  • Example: “I had to slam on the brakes to avoid hitting the car in front of me while riding my motorcycle.”


A helmet is a protective gear worn on the head while riding a motorcycle. It helps absorb the impact of a collision, reducing the risk of head injuries.

  • Example: “It’s important to wear a helmet while riding a motorcycle to protect your head in case of an accident.”

Pillion (U.K)

Pillion refers to the passenger seat on a motorcycle, located behind the rider’s seat. It’s designed to accommodate one passenger.

  • Example: “My friend rode on the pillion seat while I drove the motorcycle to the beach.”


A taillight is a light located at the rear of a motorcycle that illuminates when the brakes are applied. It helps other drivers on the road see the motorcycle and know when it’s slowing down or stopping.

  • Example: “I noticed that my taillight wasn’t working properly, so I had to get it fixed before riding my motorcycle at night.”


The seat on a motorcycle is the part where the rider and passenger sit. It’s typically made of foam or other cushioning material and covered with a durable material like vinyl.

  • Example: “I had to adjust the height of my motorcycle seat to make it more comfortable for my long ride.”

Fuel tank

The fuel tank on a motorcycle is the container that holds the gasoline or other fuel used to power the engine. It’s typically located between the handlebars and the seat.

  • Example: “I had to stop at a gas station to fill up my motorcycle’s fuel tank before continuing my road trip.”


The engine on a motorcycle is the mechanical component that converts fuel into power to propel the motorcycle forward. It’s typically located between the wheels and below the seat.

  • Example: “I had to take my motorcycle to the mechanic to get the engine fixed because it was making a strange noise.”

Turn signal

A turn signal is a device on a motorcycle that indicates to other drivers which direction the rider intends to turn.

  • Example: “Before making a left turn, be sure to activate your motorcycle’s turn signal so that drivers behind you know your intentions.”


A headlight is a light on the front of a motorcycle that illuminates the road ahead and makes the rider more visible to other drivers.

  • Example: “It’s important to always have your motorcycle’s headlight turned on, especially when riding at night or in low visibility conditions.”


A mudguard, also known as a fender, is a protective cover on a motorcycle that helps prevent mud, water, and debris from splashing onto the rider and other parts of the bike.

  • Example: “Riding on muddy roads can be messy, but with a sturdy mudguard, you can keep yourself and your motorcycle clean and protected from debris.”


Suspension is a system on a motorcycle that helps absorb shocks and vibrations from the road, making for a smoother and more comfortable ride.

  • Example: “If you’re planning on taking your motorcycle on a bumpy off-road trail, make sure your suspension is properly adjusted to handle the rough terrain.”


Tires are an essential part of a motorcycle that provide traction and support for the rider. They come in a variety of sizes and types for different riding conditions.

  • Example: “Before going on a long motorcycle trip, check the condition of your tires to make sure they have enough tread and are properly inflated for the road ahead.”


An axle is a rod or shaft that connects the wheels of a motorcycle and helps them rotate smoothly.

  • Example: “If you notice any wobbling or shaking while riding your motorcycle, it could be a sign of a loose or damaged axle that needs to be repaired or replaced.”


A muffler, also known as a silencer, is a device on a motorcycle that reduces the noise produced by the exhaust system.

  • Example: “If your motorcycle’s muffler is damaged or not functioning properly, it can cause excessive noise pollution and potentially lead to a traffic violation.”

Oil tank

An oil tank is a container on a motorcycle that holds the engine oil, which lubricates the engine and helps it run smoothly.

  • Example: “To maintain optimal performance and prevent damage to your motorcycle’s engine, it’s important to regularly check the oil level in the oil tank and change the oil as recommended by the manufacturer.”

Air filter

An air filter is a device on a motorcycle that removes dirt, dust, and other debris from the air before it enters the engine, helping to keep it clean and running smoothly.

  • Example: “If you notice a decrease in your motorcycle’s performance or fuel efficiency, it may be time to clean or replace the air filter to ensure proper airflow to the engine.”

Brake pedal

A brake pedal is a lever on a motorcycle that the rider uses to engage the brakes and slow down or stop the bike.

  • Example: “When approaching a red light or stop sign, be sure to gently apply pressure to the brake pedal to slow down your motorcycle and come to a complete stop.”

Transportation Vocabulary

List of transportation and vehicles vocabulary words in English with different categories.

Frequently Asked Questions

What are the main components of a motorcycle?

A motorcycle is typically made up of several key components, such as the frame, engine, transmission, suspension, wheels, and brakes. Additionally, there are other parts that contribute to its functionality and aesthetics, like the fuel tank, seat, handlebars, lights, and exhaust system. Together, these components form a complete motorcycle that’s ready for the road.

Can you name some common motorcycle engine parts?

Certainly! Some common motorcycle engine parts include the crankshaft, piston, cylinder, valves, camshaft, spark plug, and carburetor or fuel injection system. All these parts work together to create the power needed to drive the motorcycle.

What do different motorcycle parts look like in a diagram?

A motorcycle diagram helps you visualize and understand the location and function of each part. It usually indicates the shape of various components and their relative positions, making it easy for you to identify them. You can find diagrams for specific motorcycles in service manuals or on various websites dedicated to motorcycle maintenance and repair.

How can I find the right motorcycle part and its price?

To find the right motorcycle part and its price, first identify the make, model, and year of your motorcycle. Next, search for the specific component you need either online or at a local motorcycle parts dealership. Be sure to compare prices from multiple sources, and consider factors such as material quality, brand reputation, and warranty coverage. It’s also helpful to read reviews from other riders who have purchased the same part in the past.

What are some basic terms for motorcycle parts in English?

Some basic terms for motorcycle parts in English include chassis, fender, fork, swingarm, throttle, clutch, sprocket, chain, and gear shift lever. These terms are commonly used among motorcycle enthusiasts and professionals, so it’s essential that you familiarize yourself with them to effectively communicate about your bike.

What are some funny or unique motorcycle-related phrases?

Motorcycles often have a language of their own, incorporating slang and colloquial expressions that are unique to the community. Some funny or unique motorcycle-related phrases include “knee-dragger” (a rider who leans low in turns), “squid” (an inexperienced rider), “cager” (someone driving a car), “tarmac surfing” (sliding along the road after a crash), and “ATGATT” (All The Gear, All The Time—referring to a commitment to always wearing safety gear). 

Motorcycle Parts Vocabulary Practice

Listening Practice

Drag and Drop


Last Updated on November 9, 2023

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