Parts of A Plant in English with Pictures

If you want to sound like a native speaker when talking about plants, you need to know the English names for the different parts of a plant. This reference covers everything from the names of various plant parts to examples with pictures.

Parts of A Plant

There are four main parts of a plant. The first is the roots, which grow underground and help the plant to absorb water and minerals. Then, there is the stem, which is a green tube-like part that grows out of the ground and supports the plant. The leaves are the parts that grow off the stem and perform photosynthesis, which is the process by which light is taken into the plant and transformed into chemical energy to keep the plant healthy and oxygenated. And finally, flowers are parts of a plant that also grow from the stem, but they have petals and help the plant’s reproduction.

Parts of A Plant
Parts of A Plant – Created by 7ESL

A plant is made up of many different parts. The three main parts are: the roots, the leaves, and the stem. Each part of a plant has very important functions.

List of Plant Parts

Different Parts of a Plant

  • Seed
  • Sprout
  • Stem
  • Leaf
  • Berry
  • Bud
  • Flower

Parts of a Flower

  • Pollen
  • Stigma
  • Sepal
  • Stalk
  • Petal

Parts of a Tree

  • Trunk
  • Branch
  • Root
  • Ring
  • Thorn
  • Bark
  • Log

Plant Parts Names with Pictures and Examples

Plant Parts Names
Plant Parts Names – Created by 7ESL

Seed

  • A seed is a small, embryonic plant enclosed in a protective outer covering. It contains all the necessary nutrients and genetic information to grow into a mature plant.
  • I planted a seed in the soil and watched as it sprouted into a beautiful flower.

Seed

Sprout

  • A sprout is a young shoot or growth that emerges from a seed or plant. It is the initial stage of growth for a plant.
  • The tiny sprouts in the garden bed were a sign that the seeds had successfully germinated and were beginning to grow.

Sprout

Stem

  • A stem is the main structural part of a plant that supports leaves, flowers, and fruits. It also transports water, nutrients, and sugars between the roots and the leaves.
  • The tall stem of the sunflower held up the large flower head, allowing it to soak up the sun’s rays.

Stem

Leaf

  • A leaf is a flattened, usually green structure that grows from a stem or branch of a plant. It is responsible for photosynthesis and helps to regulate the exchange of gases between the plant and the environment.
  • The leaves of the maple tree turned brilliant shades of red and orange in the fall, creating a stunning display of color.

Leaf

Berry

  • A berry is a fleshy fruit that is produced from a single ovary of a flower. It is typically small, juicy, and contains seeds.
  • Blueberries, raspberries, and strawberries are all examples of delicious berries that are commonly used in desserts and smoothies.

Berry

Bud

  • A bud is a small, undeveloped or embryonic shoot or flower that is found on the stem or branch of a plant. It has the potential to grow into a new branch or flower.
  • The buds on the apple tree were a sign that spring had arrived and that soon the tree would be covered in beautiful pink and white blossoms.

Bud

Flower

  • A flower is the reproductive structure of a plant that produces seeds. It is typically colorful and fragrant, and attracts pollinators like bees and butterflies.
  • The garden was filled with a variety of flowers, including roses, daisies, and tulips, which provided a beautiful and fragrant display.

Flower

Parts of a Flower

Pollen

  • Pollen is a fine powder produced by flowers that contains the male reproductive cells of plants. It is carried by various means, such as wind or insects, to the female reproductive organs of other plants to fertilize them and produce seeds.
  • Many people suffer from allergies caused by pollen during the spring season.

Pollen

Stigma

  • Stigma is the part of a flower’s female reproductive system that receives pollen during fertilization. It is often sticky or hairy to help trap the pollen and ensure successful fertilization.
  • The stigma of the flower was covered in pollen grains, indicating successful pollination.

Stigma

Sepal

  • Sepals are the leaf-like structures that protect and support the flower bud before it blooms. They are typically green in color and can be found at the base of the flower.
  • The sepals of the rose bud were tightly closed, protecting the delicate petals inside.

Sepal

Stalk

  • Stalk refers to the stem or main supporting structure of a plant that holds the leaves, flowers, and fruits. It provides a pathway for nutrients and water to move from the roots to other parts of the plant.
  • The tall sunflower had a thick stalk that supported its large head of yellow petals.

Stalk

Petal

  • Petals are the colorful, often delicate, leaf-like structures that make up the outer part of a flower. They are often fragrant and serve to attract pollinators to the flower.
  • The rose had soft, velvety petals in shades of pink and red.

Petal

Parts of a Tree

Trunk

  • Trunk refers to the main stem or branch of a tree that supports its branches and leaves.
  • The elephant used its trunk to reach for the leaves on the tall tree.

Trunk

Branch

  • Branch refers to a secondary stem that grows from the main trunk of a tree and supports its leaves and fruits.
  • The bird perched on a branch to rest after flying for a long time.

Branch

Root

  • Root refers to the underground part of a plant that anchors it to the ground and absorbs water and nutrients from the soil.
  • The gardener carefully dug around the roots of the plant to transplant it to a new location.

Root

Ring

  • A ring refers to a circular layer of growth that can be seen in the trunk or branches of a tree, which can be used to determine its age.
  • The forestry expert counted the rings on the trunk of the tree to estimate its age.

Ring

Thorn

  • Thorns are sharp, pointed structures that grow from the stems or branches of some plants. They serve as a defense mechanism against animals that may try to eat the plant or its fruits.
  • Be careful when picking blackberries, their thorns can be quite painful if you’re not careful.

Thorn

Bark

  • Bark is the protective outer layer of a tree’s trunk and branches. It helps to regulate the tree’s temperature and prevent damage from insects, disease, and weather.
  • The bark of the oak tree was rough and deeply grooved, providing a home for many insects and small animals.

Bark

Log

  • A log is a section of a tree trunk that has been cut or fallen off. It is often used for firewood, building materials, or as a natural decoration.
  • We gathered a few logs from the forest to use as seats around the campfire.

Log

Parts of a Plant Video