Parts of Speech in English! Learn parts of speech (nouns, articles, verbs, pronouns, adjectives, adverbs, conjunctions, prepositions and interjection) with definition and examples.
Parts of Speech
A noun is a word or phrase that represent a person, a place, a thing or activity, or a quality or idea.
Jeffrey, Korea, pen, New Year, dog, cat, elephant, garden, school, work, music, town, Manila, teacher, farmer, Bob, Sean, Michael, police officer, France, coffee, football, danger, happiness…
Noun example sentences:
- The teacher told the children to stop chattering in class.
- John is good at French but weak at History.
An article is a word used before a noun to modify the noun. “The” is called the definite article and “a“, “an” are called the indefinite article.
An umbrella, the boy, the school, a mouse, an apple, an hour.
Article example sentences:
- I would like an apple.
- He was sitting in a chair.
- The whale is in danger of becoming extinct.
A verb is a word or group of words that describes an action, experience or expresses a state of being.
Walk, is, seem, realize, run, see, swim, stand, go, have, get, promise, invite, listen, sing, sit, laughed, walk…
Verb example sentences:
- Don’t try to run before you can walk.
- Did you kiss anybody?
- Leave me alone!
A pronoun is used instead of a noun or noun phrase in a sentence. A pronoun may take place of the name of a person, place or thing.
I, me, we, you, he, she, yours, himself, its, my, that, this, those, us, who, whom
Pronoun example sentences:
- Richard isn’t at work this week; he‘s gone on holiday.
- Don’t tell her the truth.
- She tried it herself.
- You can’t blame him for everything.
- The woman who called yesterday wants to buy the house.
An adjective describes a noun or a pronoun.
Beautiful, seven, cute, second, tall, blue, angry, brave, careful, healthy, little, old, generous, red, smart, two, small, tall, some, good, big, useful, interesting…
Brown dog, red car, tall boy, fat cat, big garden.
Adjective example sentences:
- The flowers have a nice smell.
- The chatter made the room noisy.
- The pickles are salty.
An adverb describes a verb, an adjective, another adverb, or a whole sentence.
Neatly, in the market, every day, tomorrow, very, badly, fully, carefully, hardly, nearly, hungrily, never, quickly, silently, well, really, almost…
Adverb example sentences:
- She carefully preserved all his letters.
- We usually go to restaurant on Sundays.
- He never turned up.
- David is clearly unhappy to be here.
A conjunction connects words, phrases or clauses in a sentence.
And, however, still, but, or, so, after, since, before, either, neither, because, unless…
Conjunction example sentences:
- I want to get home before it rains.
- I will go shopping, or I will go camping.
- Once you learn it, you never forget.
- I will eat either carrots or peas for dinner.
A preposition is used before a noun, pronoun, or gerund to show place, time, direction,… in a sentence.
In, on, at, about, apropos, according to, after, along, above, except, from, near, of, before, since, between, upon, with, to, after, toward…
Preposition example sentences:
- I always wear these shoes with this dress.
- You should receive a reply within seven days.
- I saw that news in the newspapers.
- Divide it among the children in class.
- The hotel is over the bridge.
An interjection is a word or phrase used to express a strong feeling or emotion.
Ahem!, aha!, gosh!, aw!, great!, hey!, hi!, hooray!, oh!, yeah!, oops!, phew!, eh!, oh!, ouch!, hi!, well!…
Interjection example sentences:
- Bravo, Rena! You’re right.
- Bingo! That’s the one I’ve been looking for.
- Well, what did he say?
- Yeah! She’s going with us tonight!
Parts of Speech in English | Pictures
Parts of Speech in English Image 1
English Parts of Speech Table Image 2
Parts of Speech Video
Learn all parts of speech in English with useful video lesson.