Learn 09 Parts of Speech in English – These are nouns, articles, verbs, pronouns, adjectives, adverbs, conjunctions, prepositions and interjection.
Parts of Speech in English
A noun is a word or phrase that represent a person, a place, a thing or activity, or a quality or idea.
Jeffrey, Korea, pen, New Year, dog, cat, elephant, garden, school, work, music, town, Manila, teacher, farmer, Bob, Sean, Michael, police officer, France, coffee, football, danger, happiness
- The teacher told the children to stop chattering in class.
- John is good at French but weak at History.
An article is a word used before a noun to modify the noun. “The” is called the definite article and “a“, “an” are called the indefinite article.
An umbrella, the boy, the school, a mouse, an apple, an hour.
A verb is a word or group of words that describes an action, experience or expresses a state of being.
Walk, is, seem, realize, run, see, swim, stand, go, have, get, promise, invite, listen, sing, sit, laughed, walk
- Don’t try to run before you can walk.
A pronoun is used instead of a noun or noun phrase in a sentence. A pronoun may take place of the name of a person, place or thing.
I, me, we, you, he, she, yours, himself, its, my, that, this, those, us, who, whom
- Richard isn’t at work this week; he‘s gone on holiday.
An adjective describes a noun or a pronoun.
Beautiful, seven, cute, second, tall, blue, angry, brave, careful, healthy, little, old, generous, red, smart, two, small, tall, some, good, big, useful, interesting
- Brown dog, red car, tall boy, fat cat, big garden.
An adverb describes a verb, an adjective, another adverb, or a whole sentence.
Neatly, in the market, every day, tomorrow, very, badly, fully, carefully, hardly, nearly, hungrily, never, quickly, silently, well, really, almost
- She carefully preserved all his letters.
A conjunction connects words, phrases or clauses in a sentence.
And, however, still, but, or, so, after, since, before, either, neither, because, unless
- I want to get home before it rains.
A preposition is used before a noun, pronoun, or gerund to show place, time, direction,… in a sentence.
In, on, at, about, apropos, according to, after, along, above, except, from, near, of, before, since, between, upon, with, to, after, toward
- I always wear these shoes with this dress.
An interjection is a word or phrase used to express a strong feeling or emotion.
Ahem!, aha!, gosh!, aw!, great!, hey!, hi!, hooray!, oh!, yeah!, oops!, phew!, eh!, oh!, ouch!, hi!, well!
- Bravo, Rena! You’re right.