Plant Names: List of Common Types of Plants and Trees

Last Updated on November 8, 2023

As we all know, there are many different types of plants and even in our native language, it might be difficult to remember them all. But by learning just a few at a time, you will soon have a very good knowledge of plant names in the English language.

Whether you are looking to learn them for fun or maybe because your job requires you to be able to talk about plant names in English, this section will provide you with all the information you will need.

Types of Plants

Plant Names: List of Common Types of Plants and TreesPin

List of plant names and tree names in English with examples and pictures. Learn these types of plants and trees to enhance your vocabulary words about plants and flowers in English.

Plants are one of the two groups into which all living things were traditionally divided; the other is animals. They include familiar types such as trees, herbs, bushes, grasses, vines, ferns, mosses, and green algae.

Plants are organisms that grow outdoors in natural habitats, such as trees, flowers, hedges, shrubs, herbs, grass, moss, and ferns. Plants always have greenery on their leaves because of the green pigment in chlorophyll. Plants grow by absorbing water through their roots and then synthesising nutrients in their leaves by a process called “photosynthesis”.

List of Plant Names

  • Wildflower
  • Thistle
  • Flower
  • Herb
  • Mushroom
  • Weed
  • Fern
  • Cattail
  • Reed
  • Bamboo
  • Ivy
  • Shrub
  • Moss
  • Grass
  • Palm tree
  • Bush
  • Corn
  • Tree

Plant Names: List of Common Types of Plants and TreesPin

Plant Names with Pictures and Examples

Wildflower

A wildflower is a type of plant that grows naturally in the wild, rather than being cultivated by humans.

  • Example: During my hike, I saw a beautiful wildflower with bright purple petals growing alongside the trail.

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Thistle

Thistle is a type of plant that is characterized by its prickly leaves and stems and purple or pink flowers.

  • Example: The thistle is a hardy plant that can grow in a variety of environments, from dry deserts to lush meadows and fields.

Plant Names: List of Common Types of Plants and Trees 3Pin

Flower

A flower is the reproductive structure of a plant that produces seeds. It is typically composed of petals, sepals, stamens, and pistils.

  • Example: The rose is a popular flower that is often used to symbolize love and affection, with its soft petals and sweet fragrance.

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Herb

A herb is a type of plant that is used for culinary, medicinal, or aromatic purposes. It is typically characterized by its green, leafy appearance and strong fragrance.

  • Example: Basil is a popular herb that is often used in Italian cuisine, adding a fresh, aromatic flavor to dishes like pasta and pizza.

Plant Names: List of Common Types of Plants and Trees 5Pin

Mushroom

Mushrooms are characterized by their fleshy caps and stems, and can come in a variety of shapes, sizes, and colors.

  • Example: The portobello mushroom is a popular ingredient in vegetarian dishes, with its meaty texture and rich, earthy flavor.

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Weed

Weed is a term that can refer to any plant that is considered unwanted or invasive in a particular environment. It can include a variety of different plant species, from dandelions to poison ivy.

  • Example: The garden was overrun with weeds, so we had to spend the afternoon pulling them out by hand.

Plant Names: List of Common Types of Plants and Trees 7Pin

Fern

A fern is a type of plant that reproduces via spores rather than seeds. It is characterized by its long, feathery fronds and typically grows in damp, shaded environments.

  • Example: The hiking trail was lined with ferns, creating a lush and verdant atmosphere that was cool and refreshing on a hot summer day.

Plant Names: List of Common Types of Plants and Trees 8Pin

Cattail

Cattail is a tall, reed-like plant that is typically found in wetland environments. It is characterized by its long, cylindrical shape and distinctive brown, cigar-shaped flower heads.

  • Example: The marsh was filled with cattails, their long, slender stalks swaying gently in the breeze as we paddled by in our canoe.

Plant Names: List of Common Types of Plants and Trees 9Pin

Reed

A reed is a tall, thin plant that typically grows in wetland environments. It is characterized by its long, slender stalks and feathery plumes of leaves at the top.

  • Example: The marsh was filled with reeds, their rustling leaves and swaying stalks creating a soothing, peaceful sound that was perfect for relaxation.

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Bamboo

Bamboo is a type of fast-growing grass that is often used for building materials, furniture, and paper products. It is known for its strength and versatility.

  • Example: The panda’s favorite food is bamboo.

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Ivy

Ivy is a type of climbing plant that can grow on walls, trees, and other surfaces. It has small, green leaves and can add a decorative touch to outdoor spaces.

  • Example: The ivy climbed up the side of the house, creating a beautiful natural decoration.

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Shrub

A shrub is a small to medium-sized woody plant with several stems arising from the base. Shrubs are often used for landscaping and can be found in a variety of shapes and sizes.

  • Example: The gardener planted a row of flowering shrubs along the walkway to add color and texture to the garden.

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Moss

Moss is a type of small, non-flowering plant that grows in dense clumps in damp or shady areas. It is known for its soft, velvety texture and can add a natural touch to gardens and landscapes.

  • Example: The forest floor was covered in a thick layer of moss, giving it a lush and green appearance.

Plant Names: List of Common Types of Plants and Trees 14Pin

Grass

Grass is a type of plant that typically has long, narrow leaves and grows in dense clusters. It is often used for lawns, sports fields, and pastures for grazing animals.

  • Example: The children played soccer on the grassy field while their parents watched from the sidelines.

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Palm tree

A palm tree is a type of tropical tree with a tall, slender trunk and large, fan-like leaves. They are often associated with warm, sunny climates and are used for landscaping and decoration.

  • Example: The beach was lined with tall palm trees, providing shade and a tropical atmosphere for the vacationers.

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Bush

A bush is a type of woody plant that is smaller than a tree and has several stems arising from the base. Bushes are often used for landscaping and can provide a natural barrier or privacy screen.

  • Example: The hikers walked through a dense bush, pushing aside branches and leaves as they went.

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Corn

Corn is a type of cereal grain that is grown for its edible seeds or kernels. It is a staple crop in many parts of the world and is used for food, animal feed, and fuel.

  • Example: The farmer harvested the corn crop and stored it in the silo for later use.

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Tree

A tree is a type of perennial plant that has a single stem or trunk, supporting branches and leaves above ground. Trees are known for their height and longevity, and they are often used for shade, timber, and decoration.

  • Example: The park was filled with tall trees, providing a peaceful and natural environment for visitors to enjoy.

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Plants and Trees Video

Learn the names of plants with American English pronunciation video lessons.

Frequently Asked Questions

What are common terms for plant parts?

When talking about plants, there are several terms you might come across related to their various parts. Some common ones include:

  • Root: The part of the plant that is usually below the ground, which helps to anchor the plant and absorb water and nutrients.
  • Stem: The main, usually vertical, structure that supports the leaves, flowers, and fruits of a plant.
  • Leaf: The flat, green parts that serve as the primary site for photosynthesis, where a plant converts light energy into food.
  • Flower: The reproductive structure of many plants that contains the organs for producing seeds.
  • Fruit: The part of a flowering plant that contains seeds and is often edible.
  • Pollen: The fine, powdery substance found in flowers, which contains male reproductive cells and is necessary for plant fertilization.

Which words describe plant growth?

Plant growth can involve various processes and stages, and some common terms associated with it include:

  • Germination: The process by which a seed begins to grow into a new plant.
  • Photosynthesis: The process by which green plants convert sunlight, water, and carbon dioxide into food and oxygen.
  • Transpiration: The loss of water from a plant in the form of vapor, primarily through tiny pores in the leaves called stomata.
  • Respiration: The process by which plants convert stored sugars into energy, releasing carbon dioxide and water.
  • Tropism: The directional growth of a plant in response to external stimuli, such as light (phototropism) or gravity (gravitropism).

What vocabulary is used for plant classification?

When classifying plants, some important terms to be aware of include:

  • Genus: A group of closely related species, which is the first part of a plant’s scientific name.
  • Species: A group of plants that can interbreed and produce fertile offspring, sharing common characteristics. It is the second part of a plant’s scientific name.
  • Variety: A naturally occurring variation of a species, often due to differences in geography or climate.
  • Cultivar: A plant variety that has been selectively bred for particular characteristics, such as size, color, or disease resistance.

What words are used to describe different types of leaves?

Leaves can have a wide variety of shapes, sizes, and arrangements on a plant. Some terms you might encounter when describing leaves include:

  • Simple leaf: A leaf with a single blade, undivided into leaflets.
  • Compound leaf: A leaf with multiple leaflets attached to a single stem.
  • Opposite leaves: Leaves that are directly across from each other on a branch.
  • Alternate leaves: Leaves that are staggered along a branch, not directly across from each other.
  • Margin: The edge of a leaf, which can be described as smooth, toothed, or lobed, depending on its appearance.
  • Venation: The pattern of veins in a leaf, which provide structural support and transport nutrients. 

Plants Vocabulary Practice

1. Flashcard

 

2. Listening Practice

 

3. Drag and Drop

 

Learn more with useful list of flower names and parts of a plant in English.

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