Plant Names and List of Plants and Trees with Pictures

Learning plant names in English can be both enjoyable and beneficial. Whether you need this knowledge for work or personal interest, this reference will guide you through the essentials.

The main sections include “types of plants,” which covers a “list of plant names” and “plant names with pictures and examples” to help you deepen your understanding.

Plant Names

Plant Names
Plant Names – Created by 7ESL

Plants are one of the two groups into which all living things were traditionally divided; the other is animals. They include familiar types such as trees, herbs, bushes, grasses, vines, ferns, mosses, and green algae.

Plants are organisms that grow outdoors in natural habitats, such as trees, flowers, hedges, shrubs, herbs, grass, moss, and ferns. Plants always have greenery on their leaves because of the green pigment in chlorophyll. Plants grow by absorbing water through their roots and then synthesising nutrients in their leaves by a process called “photosynthesis”.

List of Plant Names

  • Wildflower
  • Thistle
  • Flower
  • Herb
  • Mushroom
  • Weed
  • Fern
  • Cattail
  • Reed
  • Bamboo
  • Ivy
  • Shrub
  • Moss
  • Grass
  • Palm tree
  • Bush
  • Corn
  • Tree

Plant Names with Pictures and Examples

List of Plants and Trees
List of Plants and Trees – Created by 7ESL

Wildflower

  • A wildflower is a type of plant that grows naturally in the wild, rather than being cultivated by humans.
  • During my hike, I saw a beautiful wildflower with bright purple petals growing alongside the trail.

Wildflower

Thistle

  • Thistle is a type of plant that is characterized by its prickly leaves and stems and purple or pink flowers.
  • The thistle is a hardy plant that can grow in a variety of environments, from dry deserts to lush meadows and fields.

Thistle

Flower

  • A flower is the reproductive structure of a plant that produces seeds. It is typically composed of petals, sepals, stamens, and pistils.
  • The rose is a popular flower that is often used to symbolize love and affection, with its soft petals and sweet fragrance.

Flower

Herb

  • A herb is a type of plant that is used for culinary, medicinal, or aromatic purposes. It is typically characterized by its green, leafy appearance and strong fragrance.
  • Basil is a popular herb that is often used in Italian cuisine, adding a fresh, aromatic flavor to dishes like pasta and pizza.

Herb

Mushroom

  • Mushrooms are characterized by their fleshy caps and stems, and can come in a variety of shapes, sizes, and colors.
  • The portobello mushroom is a popular ingredient in vegetarian dishes, with its meaty texture and rich, earthy flavor.

Mushroom

Weed

  • Weed is a term that can refer to any plant that is considered unwanted or invasive in a particular environment. It can include a variety of different plant species, from dandelions to poison ivy.
  • The garden was overrun with weeds, so we had to spend the afternoon pulling them out by hand.

Weed

Fern

  • A fern is a type of plant that reproduces via spores rather than seeds. It is characterized by its long, feathery fronds and typically grows in damp, shaded environments.
  • The hiking trail was lined with ferns, creating a lush and verdant atmosphere that was cool and refreshing on a hot summer day.

Fern

Cattail

  • Cattail is a tall, reed-like plant that is typically found in wetland environments. It is characterized by its long, cylindrical shape and distinctive brown, cigar-shaped flower heads.
  • The marsh was filled with cattails, their long, slender stalks swaying gently in the breeze as we paddled by in our canoe.

Cattail

Reed

  • A reed is a tall, thin plant that typically grows in wetland environments. It is characterized by its long, slender stalks and feathery plumes of leaves at the top.
  • The marsh was filled with reeds, their rustling leaves and swaying stalks creating a soothing, peaceful sound that was perfect for relaxation.

Reed

Bamboo

  • Bamboo is a type of fast-growing grass that is often used for building materials, furniture, and paper products. It is known for its strength and versatility.
  • The panda’s favorite food is bamboo.

Bamboo

Ivy

  • Ivy is a type of climbing plant that can grow on walls, trees, and other surfaces. It has small, green leaves and can add a decorative touch to outdoor spaces.
  • The ivy climbed up the side of the house, creating a beautiful natural decoration.

Ivy

Shrub

  • A shrub is a small to medium-sized woody plant with several stems arising from the base. Shrubs are often used for landscaping and can be found in a variety of shapes and sizes.
  • The gardener planted a row of flowering shrubs along the walkway to add color and texture to the garden.

Shrub

Moss

  • Moss is a type of small, non-flowering plant that grows in dense clumps in damp or shady areas. It is known for its soft, velvety texture and can add a natural touch to gardens and landscapes.
  • The forest floor was covered in a thick layer of moss, giving it a lush and green appearance.

Moss

Grass

  • Grass is a type of plant that typically has long, narrow leaves and grows in dense clusters. It is often used for lawns, sports fields, and pastures for grazing animals.
  • The children played soccer on the grassy field while their parents watched from the sidelines.

Grass

Palm tree

  • A palm tree is a type of tropical tree with a tall, slender trunk and large, fan-like leaves. They are often associated with warm, sunny climates and are used for landscaping and decoration.
  • The beach was lined with tall palm trees, providing shade and a tropical atmosphere for the vacationers.

Palm tree

Bush

  • A bush is a type of woody plant that is smaller than a tree and has several stems arising from the base. Bushes are often used for landscaping and can provide a natural barrier or privacy screen.
  • The hikers walked through a dense bush, pushing aside branches and leaves as they went.

Bush

Corn

  • Corn is a type of cereal grain that is grown for its edible seeds or kernels. It is a staple crop in many parts of the world and is used for food, animal feed, and fuel.
  • The farmer harvested the corn crop and stored it in the silo for later use.

Corn

Tree

  • A tree is a type of perennial plant that has a single stem or trunk, supporting branches and leaves above ground. Trees are known for their height and longevity, and they are often used for shade, timber, and decoration.
  • The park was filled with tall trees, providing a peaceful and natural environment for visitors to enjoy.

Tree

Plants and Trees Video

Learn the names of plants with American English pronunciation video lessons.