Prepositions of Direction (or Prepositions of Movement) are used to show movement from one place to another. These prepositions are most often used with verbs of motion and are found after the verb.
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Prepositions of Direction Vocabulary
The preposition down indicates movement from a higher to a lower position.
Example: It came down the stairs.
The preposition up indicates movement from a lower to a higher position.
Example: It went up the stairs.
The preposition out of indicates movement from inside a space to outside a space.
Example: She flounced out of the house.
The preposition into refers to movement from the outside to the inside of a three dimensional space and it can be used to express the idea of movement in the direction of something, often resulting in actually hitting it.
Example: We went into the shop on the corner.
The preposition toward is used to say that someone or something moves, looks, faces,… in the direction of someone or something.
Example: He was standing with his back toward me.
The preposition away is used to say that someone leaves a place or person, or stays some distance from a place or person.
Example: She turned away and stared out of the window.
The preposition past describes a movement at the far side of something or beyond something.
Example: Walk past the theater on the right and the bank is on the left.
The preposition over is used to talk about movement from one side of a place to another. It usually refers to movement in relation to two-dimensional surfaces (a lawn, lake, table etc) or to show when something is positioned on the opposite side of a line (a river, bridge, road etc).
Example: The cat jumped over the wall.
The preposition onto used to show movement into or on a particular place.
Example: The cat jumped onto the roof.
The preposition off describes a movement away from something.
Example: We get off the train at the next stop.
The preposition around refers to going along its edge in a circular direction.
Example: You must drive around the city center to reach the cinema.
The preposition under describes a movement below the surface of something.
Example: The cat is under the table.
The preposition along is used to show movement following a line, it is also sometimes used to show a specific position in relation to a line or to show when things are positioned in a line.
Example: He’s walking along the path.
The preposition across is used for describing a position that is stretching from a certain place to the other or from one side to the other.
Example: You must walk across the street at the crosswalk.
The preposition through is used for describing movement from particular point to the other or from one end to the other.
Example: The car went through the tunnel.