Present Continuous Spelling Rules | Useful -ING Rules

Present Continuous Spelling Rules – Learn useful spelling rules (-ING rules) for the Present Continuous tense in English with examples.

Present Continuous Spelling Rules

Basically, the Present Continuous tense is formed by adding -ing to the base verb.

  • Most verbs add -ing

-ING Rules Examples:

Eat – eating

Speak – speaking

Cook – cooking

Start – starting

Do – doing

Stay – staying

Fix – fixing

  • Most verbs ended with -y, add -ing

Examples:

Buy – buying

Enjoy – enjoying

Play – playing

Say – saying

Try – trying

  • Verbs that ended with -e, drop the -e and add -ing

Examples:

Make – making

Write – writing

Drive – driving

Take – taking

Have – having

Shave – shaving

Share – sharing

Shake – shaking

  • Verbs that ended with -ee, add -ing

Examples:

See – seeing

Agree – agreeing

  • Verbs ended with a consonant preceded by a vowel, double the consonant and add -ing

Present Continuous Spelling Examples:

Swim – swimming

Run – running

Get – getting

Stop – stopping

Sit – sitting

Put – putting

Skip – skipping

Travel – travelling

Regret – regretting

  • Do not double the letter if the words ends in two consonants

Examples:

Help – helping

Talk – talking

Work – working

  • Two-syllable verbs: the last consonant is doubled when the last syllable is stressed

Examples:

Forget – forgetting

Upset – upsetting

Prefer – preferring

  • Do not double the letter if the word has two or more syllables and the last part is not stressed.

Examples:

Visit (first part is stressed) – visiting

Benefit (first part is stressed) – benefiting

  • Do not double the letter if the word ends in -y or -w

Examples:

Buy – buying

Enjoy – enjoying

Snow – snowing

  • Verbs ended with -ie, change -ie to -y, add -ing

Examples:

Lie – lying

Die – dying

  • Verbs ended with -c, change -c to -ck

-ING Rules Examples:

Picnic – picnicking

  • Exceptions:

Age – ageing

Dye – dyeing

Singe – singeing

Budget – budgeting

Enter – entering

Present Continuous Spelling Rules | Picture

Present Continuous Spelling Rules - Learn useful spelling rules (-ING rules) for the Present Continuous tense in English with examples.Pin

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Last Updated on January 5, 2021

11 thoughts on “Present Continuous Spelling Rules | Useful -ING Rules”

  1. I want to know why English have exemptions in the spelling rule. For instance

    Dye – dyeing instead of dye – dying

    Thank you

    Reply
  2. Hi. I found your listing of the spelling rules of preent participle very concise and user friendly.
    Any ideas on why we use words like “studies” or ” cries” in the 3rd person singular present simple buy why when the root word is changed to a present participle it is: studying, crying?
    How do you explain to your students why the “y” in the present participle doesn’t change in this form and does for present simple?

    Reply
    • The reason why the spelling of the present participle changes in some cases is due to the spelling rules for adding “-ing” to verbs. When the verb ends in a consonant followed by a “y”, the “y” is changed to an “i” before adding “-ing”. This is because the “y” is considered a vowel sound in this context. For example, “study” becomes “studying” and “cry” becomes “crying”.

      However, in the third person singular present simple, the spelling of the verb changes in some cases due to a different spelling rule. When the verb ends in a consonant followed by a “y”, the “y” is changed to an “ie” before adding “-s”. This is because the “y” is considered a consonant sound in this context. For example, “study” becomes “studies” and “cry” becomes “cries”.

      Reply

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