Learn how and when to use the Present Continuous Tense in English with useful rules and examples.
Forming the Present Continuous Tense
The present continuous (also the present progressive) is one of the present tenses used in modern English.
Basically, the Present Continuous tense is formed by adding -ing to the base verb.
The structure of the Present Continuous Tense is:
S + am/is/are (not) + V-ing +….
He is playing.
She isn’t cooking.
Am/is/are + S + V-ing +…?
Am I annoying you? (which is to ask whether I am annoying you.)
How to Use the Present Continuous Tense
The present continuous is used:
- To describe something which is happening at the exact moment of speech.
Jim is watching television at the moment.
- To describe an action that is taking place now but not at the exact moment of speech.
John is working in London.
- To describe an event planned in the future.
I’m taking my French class on Tuesday.
- To describe a temporary situation.
I’m staying with a friend for a few days.
- To emphasize the frequency of an action.
That child is always crying for no good reason.
- To describe changing situations.
Her health is improving by leaps and bounds.