Learn how to use the Present Perfect Continuous tense (also known as the Present Perfect Progressive tense) in English with examples.
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Forming the Present Perfect Continuous
The structure of the Present Perfect Continuous tense is:
The subject and the first auxiliary are often contracted when using the Present Perfect Continuous tense in speaking and in informal writing.
Have = ‘ve
Has = ‘s
How to Use the Present Perfect Continuous Tense?
The Present Perfect Continuous tense is used to:
- Express long actions that started in the past and continue until now
I‘ve been living in Ireland for almost 4 years.
I‘ve been studying all day and I’m absolutely exhausted now.
- Express recent actions that have clear evidence or results now
You’ve lost a lot of weight. Have you been going to the gym?
Her eyes are red because she‘s been crying all evening.
- Typically used for shorter, more temporary situations
I‘ve been living in Ireland for 18 months.
My sister‘s been working in that hospital for a few months.
Always use the present perfect simple (not continuous) with the verbs believe, know, understand, like/dislike, belong, own:
We‘ve known each other since we were kids.
I‘ve never understood math very well.
He‘s always liked sports.