Present Perfect Tense | Grammar Rules and Examples

Learn how and when to use the Present Perfect Tense in English with examples.

Forming the Present Perfect Tense

In English grammar, the present perfect is a combination of the present tense and perfect aspect that is used to express a past event that has present consequences.

The structure of the Present Perfect:

  • Affirmative Sentence

Subject + have/has + past participle

Example:

I have tried sushi before.

  • Negative Sentence

Subject + have not (haven’t)/has not (hasn’t) + past participle

Example:

I have not tried sushi before.

  • Interrogative Sentence

Have/Has + subject + past participle?

Example:

Have you tried sushi before?

How to Use the Present Perfect Tense

The Present Perfect is used:

  • To express things you have done in your life

Examples:

I’ve been to England.

She has never studied Japanese.

  • To express number of times you have done something

Examples:

I’ve been to Paris three times.

How many times have you tried to call her?

  • To describe recently completed actions which are important now

Examples:

I have some bad news. I’ve lost my job.

I can’t play football tonight – I’ve hurt my leg.

  • To express situations that started in the past and are still true

Examples:

I’ve known James for 4 or 5 years.

She’s been the director of that company since 2007.

  • To describe unfinished actions or situations

Examples:

I’ve known Julie for ten years. (I met her ten years ago and I still know her)

We have lived here since 2004.

  • To express present result

Examples:

I’ve lost my keys.

John has missed the bus, so he’ll be late.

Time Adverbs in Present Perfect Tense

  • Just
  • Already
  • Yet
  • For
  • Since
  • Never
  • Ever
  • Still

Present Perfect Tense | Picture

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