Present Perfect Tense: Useful Rules & Examples 1

Present Perfect Tense: Useful Rules & Examples

Present Perfect Tense! Learn how and when to use the Present Perfect Tense in English with useful grammar rules, example sentences and ESL printable worksheets.

Present Perfect Tense

In English grammar, the present perfect is a combination of the present tense and perfect aspect that is used to express a past event that has present consequences.

The structure of the Present Perfect (formula):

  • Affirmative Sentence

Subject + have/has + past participle


I have tried sushi before.

  • Negative Sentence

Subject + have not (haven’t)/has not (hasn’t) + past participle


I have not tried sushi before.

  • Interrogative Sentence

Have/Has + subject + past participle?


Have you tried sushi before?

How to Use the Present Perfect Tense?

The Present Perfect is used:

  • To express things you have done in your life


I’ve been to England.

She has never studied Japanese.

  • To express number of times you have done something


I’ve been to Paris three times.

How many times have you tried to call her?

  • To describe recently completed actions which are important now


I have some bad news. I’ve lost my job.

I can’t play football tonight – I’ve hurt my leg.

  • To express situations that started in the past and are still true


I’ve known James for 4 or 5 years.

She’s been the director of that company since 2007.

  • To describe unfinished actions or situations


I’ve known Julie for ten years. (I met her ten years ago and I still know her)

We have lived here since 2004.

  • To express present result


I’ve lost my keys.

John has missed the bus, so he’ll be late.

Time Adverbs in Present Perfect Tense

The present perfect tense is commonly used with the indefinite time adverbs (time expressions):

  • Just
  • Already
  • Yet
  • For
  • Since
  • Never
  • Ever
  • Still

Present Perfect Tense Chart | Picture

Present Perfect Tense

All Tenses in English

Learn all (12) tenses in English with useful grammar rules, examples and ESL worksheets.

Verb Tenses Chart

Present Perfect Tense Video

Leave a Reply

Send this to a friend