Learn useful grammar rules to use the Present Simple Tense in English with examples.
Forming the Present Simple Tense
In English grammar, the present simple is one of the verb forms associated with the present tense.
Present Simple Tense with “TO BE” (am/is/are)
S + am/is/are + predicate…
He is a doctor.
S + am/is/are + not + predicate…
He isn’t a doctor.
Am/Is/ Are + S + predicate?
Is he a doctor?
Present Simple Tense with Other Verbs
S + verb + object…
We like tea.
S + don’t/doesn’t + verb + object…
We don’t like tea.
Do/ Does + S + verb + object?
Do you like tea?
The basic form of the simple present is the same as the base form of the verb, unless the subject is third person singular, in which case a form with the addition of -(e)s is used.
- For pronouns I, you, we, they, there is no modification for verbs.
- For pronouns he, she, it, a suffix is added following these rules:
For verbs that end in –o, –ch, –sh, –s, –x, or –z, the suffix –es is added
Do – Does
Touch – Touches
Fix – Fixes
For verbs that end in a consonant + y, the letter y is replaced by the suffix –ies.
Try – Tries
Study – Studies
Carry – Carries
In other cases, the suffix –s is added.
Cook – Cooks
Say – Says
Laugh – laughs
How to Use the Present Simple Tense
The Present Simple tense is used to express:
The sun rises in the east.
I play badminton every Tuesday.
Our train leaves at 9 am.
Future after “When”, “Until”…
I won’t go out until it stops raining.
He works in a bank.
For Newspaper Headlines
Man enters space.
I believe that you are innocent.
When Telling Stories
Suddenly, the window opens and a masked man enters.
For Giving Directions and Instructions
First of all, you break the eggs and whisk with sugar.
Time Expressions in the Present Simple Tense
- This evening
- At 10 am
- As soon as
- Twice a month
- Every Tuesday