Learn useful grammar rules to use the Present Simple Tense in English with examples.
You can jump to any section of this lesson:
- 1 Forming the Present Simple tense
- 2 How to use the Present Simple Tense
- 3 Time Expressions in the Present Simple Tense
- 4 Present Simple Tense | Picture
Forming the Present Simple tense
In English grammar, the present simple is one of the verb forms associated with the present tense.
Present Simple tense with “TO BE” (am/is/are)
S + am/is/are + object…
He is a doctor.
S + am/is/are + not + object…
He isn’t a doctor.
Am/Is/ Are + S + object?
Is he a doctor?
Present Simple tense with other verbs
S + verb + object…
We like tea.
S + don’t/doesn’t + verb + object…
We don’t like tea.
Do/ Does + S + verb + object?
Do you like tea?
The basic form of the simple present is the same as the base form of the verb, unless the subject is third person singular, in which case a form with the addition of -(e)s is used.
- For pronouns I, you, we, they, there is no modification for verbs.
- For pronouns he, she, it, a suffix is added following these rules:
For verbs that end in –o, –ch, –sh, –s, –x, or –z, the suffix –es is added
Do – Does
Touch – Touches
Fix – Fixes
For verbs that end in a consonant + y, the letter y is replaced by the suffix –ies.
Try – Tries
Study – Studies
Carry – Carries
In other cases, the suffix –s is added.
Cook – Cooks
Say – Says
Laugh – laughs
How to use the Present Simple Tense
The Present Simple tense is used to express:
The sun rises in the east.
I play badminton every Tuesday.
Our train leaves at 9 am.
Future after “when”, “until”…
I won’t go out until it stops raining.
He works in a bank.
For newspaper headlines
Man enters space.
I believe that you are innocent.
When telling stories
Suddenly, the window opens and a masked men enters.
For giving directions and instructions
First of all, you break the eggs and whisk with sugar.
Time Expressions in the Present Simple Tense
- This evening
- At 10 am
- As soon as
- Twice a month
- Every Tuesday