Present Simple Tense | Grammar Rules and Examples

Learn useful grammar rules to use the Present Simple Tense in English with examples.

Forming the Present Simple Tense

In English grammar, the present simple is one of the verb forms associated with the present tense.

Present Simple Tense with “TO BE” (am/is/are)

Affirmative sentence:

S + am/is/are + predicate…

Example:

He is a doctor.

Negative Sentence:

S + am/is/are + not + predicate…

Example:

He isn’t a doctor.

Interrogative Sentence:

Am/Is/ Are + S + predicate?

Example:

Is he a doctor?

Present Simple Tense with Other Verbs

Affirmative sentence:

S + verb + object…

Example:

We like tea.

Negative sentence:

S + don’t/doesn’t + verb + object…

Example:

We don’t like tea.

Interrogative sentence:

Do/ Does + S + verb + object?

Example:

Do you like tea?

Notes

The basic form of the simple present is the same as the base form of the verb, unless the subject is third person singular, in which case a form with the addition of -(e)s is used.

  • For pronouns Iyouwethey, there is no modification for verbs.
  • For pronouns hesheit, a suffix is added following these rules:

For verbs that end in –o, –ch, –sh, –s, –x, or –z, the suffix –es is added

Examples:

Do – Does

Touch – Touches

Fix – Fixes

For verbs that end in a consonant + y, the letter y is replaced by the suffix –ies.

Example:

Try – Tries

Study – Studies

Carry – Carries

In other cases, the suffix –s is added.

Examples:

Cook – Cooks

Say – Says

Laugh – laughs

How to Use the Present Simple Tense

The Present Simple tense is used to express:

General Truth

Example:

The sun rises in the east.

Habits

Example:

I play badminton every Tuesday.

Future Timetables

Example:

Our train leaves at 9 am.

Future after “When”, “Until”…

Example:

I won’t go out until it stops raining.

Permanent Situations

Example:

He works in a bank.

For Newspaper Headlines

Example:

Man enters space.

With Non-progressive

Example:

I believe that you are innocent.

When Telling Stories

Example:

Suddenly, the window opens and a masked man enters.

For Giving Directions and Instructions

Example:

First of all, you break the eggs and whisk with sugar.

Time Expressions in the Present Simple Tense

  • This evening
  • At 10 am
  • When
  • Until
  • As soon as
  • After
  • Before
  • Twice a month
  • Every Tuesday
  • Often
  • Sometimes

Present Simple Tense | Picture

Present Simple Tense

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