Pronunciation of ED: Past Tense Pronunciation for Regular Verbs 1

Pronunciation of ED: Past Tense Pronunciation for Regular Verbs

ED Pronunciation! Learn useful rules for Pronunciation of ED ending (Past Tense Pronunciation for Regular Verbs) in English with list of common regular verbs, video and ESL printable worksheets.

Regular Verbs

In the English language, most regular verbs are turned into the past tense by adding ‘-ed’ to the end of a base form of the verb.

Regular verbs examples:

  • Wait → Waited
  • Want → Wanted
  • Ask → Asked
  • Wash → Washed
  • Cook → Cooked
  • Walk → Walked
  • Hunt → Hunted
  • Adopt → Adopted

Learn more about Irregular verbs that do not follow the above rules.

For past tense pronunciation for regular verbs, the final -ed ending has three different pronunciations: /t/, /d/, and /id/.

Pronunciation of ED | The /t/ Sound

Past Tense Pronunciation Rules:

  • Final -ed is pronounced /t/ after all voiceless sounds.
  • Voiceless sounds are made by pushing air through your mouth; no sound comes from your throat.
  • Voiceless consonant sounds: p, f, k, s, sh, ch, th

Past Tense Pronunciation Examples with regular verbs list.

  • Announce → Announced
  • Cook → Cooked
  • Walk → Walked
  • Talk → Talked
  • Finish → Finished
  • Type → Typed
  • Dance → Danced
  • Watch → Watched
  • Look → Looked
  • Miss → Missed
  • Rush → Rushed
  • Hope → Hoped
  • Wish → Wished
  • Dress → Dressed
  • Practice → Practiced
  • Cough → Coughed
  • Help → Helped
  • Develop → Developed
  • Knock → Knocked
  • Snatch → Snatched
  • Step → Stepped
  • Punish → Punished
  • Hush (up) → Hushed (up)
  • Mix (up) → Mixed (up)
  • Wrap → Wrapped
  • Stalk → Stalked
  • Fish → Fished
  • Slap → Slapped
  • Force → Forced
  • Discuss → Discussed
  • Hitchhike → Hitchhiked
  • Laugh → Laughed
  • Brush → Brushed
  • Crash → Crashed
  • Work → Worked
  • Like → Liked
  • Attack → Attacked
  • Lock → Locked
  • Stop → Stopped
  • Ask → Asked
  • Wash → Washed
  • Brake → Braked
  • Escape → Escaped
  • Kiss → Kissed
  • Trip → Tripped
  • Jump → Jumped
  • Promise → Promised
  • Slip → Slipped
  • Touch → Touched
  • Fix → Fixed
  • Piss (off) → Pissed (off)
  • Pip → Ripped
  • Check → Checked
  • Pluck → Plucked
  • Coax → Coaxed
  • Rehearse → Rehearsed
  • Curse → Cursed
  • Jinx → Jinxed
  • Banish → Banished
  • Dunk → Dunked
  • Push → Pushed
  • Fake → Faked
  • Flush → Flushed
  • Back (up) → Backed (up)
  • Place → Placed
  • Reduce → Reduced

ED Pronunciation | The /d/ Sound

Pronunciation of ED Rules:

  • Final -ed is pronounced /d/ after voiced sounds.
  • The /d/ is blended together with the previous consonant and not pronounced as an extra syllable.
  • Voiced sounds come from your throat. Touch your neck when you make a voiced sound, you can feel your voice box vibrate.
  • Voiced consonant sounds: b, v, g, z, j, th, l, m, n, r
  • All vowel sounds are voiced.

ED Pronunciation Examples with regular verbs list.

  • Live → Lived
  • Climb → Climbed
  • Phone → Phoned
  • Wave → Waved
  • Arrive → Arrived
  • Clear → Cleared
  • Study → Studied
  • Open → Opened
  • Enjoy → Enjoyed
  • Copy → Copied
  • Mail → Mailed
  • Call → Called
  • Borrow → Borrowed
  • Hurry → Hurried
  • Sign → Signed
  • Play → Played
  • Carry → Carried
  • Move → Moved
  • Pull → Pulled
  • Wonder → Wondered
  • Kill → Killed
  • Marry → Married
  • Believe → Believed
  • Beg → Begged
  • Prefer → Preferred
  • Tease → Teased
  • Close → Closed
  • Accuse → Accused
  • Stroll → Strolled
  • Shrug → Shrugged
  • Praise → Praised
  • Follow → Followed
  • Bog down → Bogged down
  • Encourage → Encouraged
  • Listen → Listened
  • Tour → Toured
  • Consider → Considered
  • Travel → Traveled
  • Stay → Stayed
  • Rescue → Rescued
  • Happen → Happened
  • Destroy → Destroyed
  • Refuse → Refused
  • Die → Died
  • Belittle → Belittled
  • Question → Questioned
  • Discover → Discovered
  • Argue → Argued
  • Try → Tried
  • Cry → Cried
  • Lie → Lied
  • Use → Used
  • Clean → Cleaned
  • Love → Loved
  • Design → Designed
  • Change → Changed
  • Join → Joined
  • Grab → Grabbed
  • Seem → Seemed
  • Explain → Explained
  • Rob → Robbed
  • Continue → Continued
  • Hire → Hired
  • Store → Stored
  • Heal → Healed
  • Foster → Fostered
  • Learn → Learned
  • Sue → Sued
  • Harm → Harmed

Past Tense Pronunciation for Regular Verbs | The /id/ Sound

Final -ed is pronounced /id/ after “T”, and “D” sounds. The sound /id/ adds a whole syllable to a word.

Pronunciation of ED Examples with regular verbs list.

  • Suggest → Suggested
  • Vote → Voted
  • Wait → Waited
  • Want → Wanted
  • Shout → Shouted
  • Hunt → Hunted
  • Adopt → Adopted
  • Emigrate → Emigrated
  • Start → Started
  • Visit → Visited
  • Investigate → Investigated
  • Attend → Attended
  • Affect → Affected
  • Chat → Chatted
  • Heat → Heated
  • Sort → Sorted
  • Regret → Regretted
  • Wast → Wasted
  • Interrupt → Interrupted
  • Mind → Minded
  • Sound → Sounded
  • Count → Counted
  • Demand → Demanded
  • Hesitate → Hesitated
  • Proceed → Proceeded
  • Succeed → Succeeded
  • Accept → Accepted
  • Paint → Painted
  • Contact → Contacted
  • Hate → Hated
  • Include → Included
  • Land → Landed
  • Need → Needed
  • Recommend → Recommended
  • End → Ended
  • Grade → Graded
  • Rate → Rated
  • Hesitate → Hesitated
  • Decide → Decided
  • Interest → Interested
  • Trade → Traded
  • Last → Lasted
  • Insist → Insisted
  • Avoid → Avoided
  • State → Stated
  • Taste → Tasted
  • Admit → Admitted
  • Invent → Invented
  • Create → Created
  • Compete → Competed
  • Intend → Intended
  • Concoct → Concocted
  • Request → Requested
  • Disregard → Disregarded
  • Assist → Assisted
  • Ground → Grounded
  • Lift → Lifted
  • Overreact → Overreacted
  • Bound → Bounded
  • Pretend → Pretended
  • Twist → Twisted
  • Cheat → Cheated
  • Outsmart → Outsmarted
  • Disappoint → Disappointed
  • Scold → Scolded
  • Mistreat → Mistreated
  • Attempt → Attempted
  • Coexist → Coexisted

Pronunciation of ED | Picture

Pronunciation of ED Table: the /t/, /d/ and /id/ sound with regular verbs examples.

Pronunciation of ED

ED Pronunciation Video

Pronunciation of ED: Past Tense Pronunciation for Regular Verbs

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Hoang
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Hoang

Hi,
I have a question, the word “climb”, it is a silent “b”, how come it has the ending sound /b/ to sound /d/ when adding “ed”? Is it a mistake in your infographic? Can you explain to me? And if it is, I would love to have it fixed because I love your infographic.
Thank you.

S. Cal
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S. Cal

The “b” remains silent. the /d/ sound is because of the “m”

Javier LO
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Javier LO

Hello Hoang, yeah, “b” in “climb” is silent
then you have “m” as the final sound in “climb” /klaim/
As “m” is voiced, it produces vibration in your vocal cords, that’s why -ed in “climbed” has an ending sound “d” –> /klaimd/
Javier.

William
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William

Still wrong to put it in the /b/ line though

Elizabeth
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Elizabeth

Hoang, I believe it happens because, even with the final B in CLIMB and BOMB being mute, as the final sound becomes M, it still fits the rule – they’d be pronounced CLIM’D and BOM’D, because final M also has a D sound when added ED.
Hope it helps.

Anonymous
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Anonymous

What about studied

S. Cal
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S. Cal

The “y” of study is a voiced sound, therefore you would use the /d/

jani
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jani

You have Teethed showing up both on voiceless and voiced sounds, which one is correct?

Jen in NYC
Guest
Jen in NYC

Hi, Jani. “To teethe” means to grow teeth or to cut one’s teeth. The final “th” is voiced, like in “this” or “them,” therefore you would use the /d/ sound. Having said all that, you rarely would use this verb in the simple past; instead, it’s almost always used as a present participle, “The baby is teething” or as a gerund: “Teething is painful.”.

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