Relative Clause: Definition and Examples

One of the specific types of clauses which can be seen in the English language is the relative clause. What exactly is a relative clause and how can it be used? In this article, we are going to take a look at the answers to both of these questions by looking at some examples of relative clauses in use. By doing this we are further able to understand its definition and function.

Relative Clause

What Is a Relative Clause?

A relative clause is a type of subordinate clause, it is used in order to modify or adapt or describe a noun or a pronoun. Relative clauses are always dependant. Relative clauses must contain both a verb and a subject and always being with the words who, whom, that, which, when, whose, why or where or any variation of these words.

A relative clause is so called as it relates directly to the noun which it is adapting or describing.

Relative Clause Examples

In order to grasp a better understanding of what a relative clause is, we are now going to take a look at some sentences which feature this type of clause. Within each example sentence, the relative clause will be highlighted in bold.

  • The bedroom, that is upstairs, needs to be redecorated.
  • The dog, which bit my daughter, has been impounded.
  • This book, that I read last week, has really caught the attention of the media.
  • The holiday, which took place in Greece, was very enjoyable.
  • My father, who is from Spain, only speaks a little English.
  • Emma’s cousin, who is very tall, will not fit through this door.
  • I would like to go to a country which is warm.
  • This is the butcher that sells the best meat.
  • My house, which is not very big still feels spacious.
  • The man to whom my mother owes the money is my brother.
  • The movie, which came out last weekend, has already made number one in the box office.
  • This carrot, which is larger than usual, will be enough for two people.
  • They are going to a play whose lead actor is my son.
  • I am giving a present to my sister who helped me with my driving lessons.
  • The bank, which opened over a hundred years ago, is still a thriving business.
  • My wife and I are going on a trip when she has finished her degree.
  • This man, who has sold his house, now has nowhere to live.
  • My grandfather, who fought in the war still remembers it clearly.
  • This is the man who comes to the shop every day.
  • My birthday is the reason why we must celebrate.
  • Winter is the time of year which I enjoy the most.
  • Here is the hole in the wall which was made by the hammer.
  • I walked to the park where I like to read my book.
  • I am from Birmingham which is a large city.
  • That is the woman who has all the cats.
  • I do not like the dog who keeps barking at night.
  • I love my new bed which is very cozy.
  • His uncle, who is in his nineties, still manages to do the gardening.
  • The player, who won the game, was elated to have done so.
  • Do you know the man who walks past my house each morning?
  • Can I have the money which I loaned you last week?
  • A laptop is a type of computer which is portable.
  • The town I come from, which is not very big does have many things to do.
  • Today will be a day when good things happen.
  • The woman, who lives down the street, has passed away.
  • Do you see that bird that is sitting on the tree?
  • She didn’t know how to drive, which was unusual.
  • Is that the boy whose father owns the pub?
  • I do not like this pasta which tastes odd.
  • Saturday was the day when I met my friend.
  • This is the place where I found the kitten.
  • The bike, which belongs to Phillip, has been stolen.
  • A clown is a person who makes people laugh.
  • That is the man who loves my sister.
  • The shop, which sells clothes, is about to close down.

Relative Clause Infographic

Relative Clause