30+ Common Suffixes in English with Meaning and Examples

Learn 30+ common suffixes in English with meaning and examples.

List of English Suffixes

NOUN SUFFIXES

-acy

  • Meaning: State or quality
  • Example: Democracy, accuracy, lunacy

-al

  • Meaning: The action or process of
  • Example: Remedial, denial, trial, criminal

-ance, -ence

  • Meaning: State or quality of
  • Example: Nuisance, ambience, tolerance

-dom

  • Meaning: Place or state of being
  • Example: Freedom, stardom, boredom

-er, -or

  • Meaning: Person or object that does a specified action
  • Example: Reader, creator, interpreter, inventor, collaborator, teacher

-ism

  • Meaning: Doctrine, belief
  • Example: Judaism, scepticism, escapism

-ist

  • Meaning: Person or object that does a specified action
  • Example: Geologist, protagonist, sexist, scientist, theorist, communist

-ity, -ty

  • Meaning: Quality of
  • Example: Extremity, validity, enormity

-ment

  • Meaning: Condition
  • Example: Enchantment, argument

-ness

  • Meaning: State of being
  • Example: Heaviness, highness, sickness

-ship

  • Meaning: Position held
  • Example: Friendship, hardship, internship

-sion, -tion

  • Meaning: State of being
  • Example: Position, promotion, cohesion, ambition

VERB SUFFIXES

-ate

  • Meaning: Become
  • Example: Mediate, collaborate, create

-en

  • Meaning: Become
  • Example: Sharpen, strengthen, loosen

-ify, -fy

  • Meaning: Make or become
  • Example: Justify, simplify, magnify, satisfy

-ise, -ize

  • Meaning: Become
  • Example: Publicise, synthesise, hypnotise

ADJECTIVE SUFFIXES

-able, -ible

  • Meaning: Capable of being
  • Example: Edible, fallible, incredible, audible

-al

  • Meaning: Having the form or character of
  • Example: Fiscal, thermal, herbal, colonial

-esque

  • Meaning: In a manner of or resembling
  • Example: Picturesque, burlesque, grotesque

-ful

  • Meaning: Notable for
  • Example: Handful, playful, hopeful, skilful

-ic, -ical

  • Meaning: Having the form or character of
  • Example: Psychological, hypocritical, methodical, nonsensical, musical

-ious, -ous

  • Meaning: Characterised by
  • Example: Pious, jealous, religious, ridiculous

-ish

  • Meaning: Having the quality of
  • Example: Squeamish, sheepish, childish

-ive

  • Meaning: Having the nature of
  • Example: Inquisitive, informative, attentive

-less

  • Meaning: Without
  • Example: Meaningless, hopeless, homeless

-y

  • Meaning: Characterised by
  • Example: Dainty, beauty, airy, jealousy

ADVERB SUFFIXES

-ly

  • Meaning: Related to or quality
  • Example: Softly, slowly, happily, crazily, madly

-ward, -wards

  • Meaning: Direction
  • Example: Towards, afterwards, backwards, inward

-wise

  • Meaning: In relation to
  • Example: Otherwise, likewise, clockwise

Suffixes in English | Picture

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