Types of Adjectives: Definition and Examples | English Grammar

Types of adjectives that English students must know.

Adjectives modify nouns and pronouns. In general, two main types of adjectives are:

  • Descriptive adjectives describe quality of the noun.
  • While, Limiting adjectives limit the noun being described.

Descriptive Adjectives – Types of Adjectives

What is a descriptive adjective in English?

Generally, a descriptive adjective is probably what you think of when you hear the word “adjective.” Descriptive adjectives describe nouns and pronouns.

In fact, descriptive adjectives can be attributive adjectives or predicate adjectives.

Attributive adjectives

Adjectives which appear directly beside the noun, most commonly before, are called attributive, because they attribute a quality to the noun they modify. And, more than one adjective can modify the same noun.

Examples:

The flowers have a nice smell. (“Nice” is an attributive adjective, as it is placed).

The chatter made the room noisy. (This is an instance in which the attributive adjective appears directly behind the noun. “Noisy” is describing the “room.”)

Predicate Adjectives

Adjectives which appear after a linking verb are predicative adjectives, because they form part of the predicate. Hence, they modify the subject of the sentence or clause (a clause is a portion of a sentence which contains a subject and a predicate).

Examples:

The pickles are salty. (noun: pickle, linking verb: are, adjective: salty (describing the noun”pickles”))

Tornadoes appear menacing. (noun: tornadoes, linking verb: appear, adjective: menacing (describing the noun “tornadoes”))

Limiting adjectives – Types of Adjectives

Limiting adjectives do as their name suggests, they limit the noun being described. Generally, there are nine types of limiting adjectives as follows:

  • Definite & Indefinite Articles
  • Possessive Adjectives
  • Demonstrative Adjectives
  • Indefinite Adjectives
  • Interrogative Adjectives
  • Cardinal Adjectives
  • Ordinal Adjectives
  • Proper Adjectives
  • Nouns used as Adjectives

Types of Adjectives: Definition and Examples

Definite & Indefinite Articles

There is only one definite articlethe. When used before a noun, it specifies a particular noun as opposed to any one.

Examples:

The cat (a specific, identifiable cat)

The cottages (specific, identifiable cottages)

There are two indefinite articlesa and an. These are used with a noun when a specific noun is not being pointed at.

Examples:

A lion  (any lion)

An ant (any ant)

Possessive Adjectives

The possessive adjectives myyourhisheritsour, and their modify nouns by showing possession or ownership.

Examples:

I forgot my key at home.

What is your phone number?

The bookstore sold his favorite book.

After many years, they returned to their homeland.

We’ll make our decision and contact the people involved.

The cat chased its ball down the stairs and into the backyard.

Demonstrative Adjectives

What are demonstrative adjectives in English?

The demonstrative adjectives “this,” “these,” “that,” “those,” and “what” are identical to the demonstrative pronouns, but are used as adjectives to modify nouns or noun phrases.

Examples:

That dog is so adorable.

He lives in this house.

My friend preferred those plates.

These books are too expensive.

The relationship between a demonstrative adjective and a demonstrative pronoun is similar to the relationship between a possessive adjective and a possessive pronoun, or to that between a interrogative adjective and an interrogative pronoun.

Interrogative Adjectives – Types of Adjectives

What is an interrogative adjective in English?

An interrogative adjective (“which” or “what”) is like an interrogative pronoun, except that it modifies a noun or noun phrase rather than standing on its own (see also demonstrative adjectives and possessive adjectives).

Examples:

Which plants should be watered twice a week?

What book are you reading?

Indefinite Adjectives

What is an indefinite adjective in English?

An indefinite adjective is similar to an indefinite pronoun, except that it modifies a noun, pronoun, or noun phrase.

Examples:

Many people believe that corporations are under-taxed.

I will send you any mail that arrives after you have moved to Sudbury.

They found a few goldfish floating belly up in the swan pound.

The title of Kelly’s favorite game is “All dogs go to heaven.”

Cardinal Adjectives

Adjectives that modify the noun by numbering it (stating how many) are cardinal adjectives.

Examples:

Five pens

Three fish

Ordinal Adjectives

An ordinal adjective indicates the position of a noun in a series.

Examples:

The first date

The third day

Proper Adjectives

Adjectives derived from proper names are called proper adjectives. They are easily recognizable in that they are always capitalized.

Examples:

French bread

Russian opera

Nouns used as Adjectives

Sometimes nouns can be used as adjectives to define or describe another noun.

Examples:

The computer exhibition

history teacher

 

1 responses on "Types of Adjectives: Definition and Examples | English Grammar"

  1. good note

    p/s; this is my mother’s laptop

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