There are different types of adverbs expressing different meanings. Generally, adverbs tell us how, where, when, how much and with what frequency. Therefore, types of adverbs are classified according to their functions.
Table of Contents
Types of Adverbs
Adverbs of Frequency
We use adverbs of frequency (always, sometimes, often/frequently, normally/generally, usually, occasionally, seldom, rarely/hardly ever, never, etc.) to say how often we do things, or how often things happen.
He always wears a shirt and tie.
She normally eats three meals a day.
I usually buy all my vegetables at the market.
Adverbs of Manner
Adverbs of manner (such as cheerfully, efficiently, painfully, secretly, quietly, peacefully, carefully, slowly, badly, closely, easily, well, fast, quickly, etc. ) tell us how something happens or is done. They are usually placed either after the main verb or after the object.
The children were playing happily with their toys.
The police dealt with the incident very efficiently.
Birds sang cheerfully in the trees.
Adverbs of Time
Time adverbs (now, yesterday,soon, later, tomorrow, yet, already, tonight, today, then, last month/year,…) tell us about when something happens.
I’m going to hang out with my friends tomorrow.
I’ll call you from home later.
She’d already gone when we got there.
Adverbs of Place
Place adverbs (off, above, abroad, far, on, away, back, here, out, outside, backwards, behind, in, below, down, indoors, downstairs, inside, nearby, near, over, there, towards, under, up, upstairs, where, everywhere, elsewhere, anywhere, nowhere, somewhere…) tell us about where something happens or where something is. They are placed after the main verbs of after the clause that they modify.
Evaluative adverbs are used by the speaker to comment or give an opinion on something. Evaluative adverbs modify the entire clause.
There are several types of adverbs of evaluation, which can be classified according to their function. Some give information about how certain we consider something to be, others express ourattitude (negative or positive) about something, while others are used to pass judgement on someone’s actions. Some of the most common evaluative adverbs for each function are listed below:
Adverbs of Certainty
(Types of adverbs)
We can use the evaluative adverbs to state how certain we are about something, such as apparently, clearly, definitely, doubtfully, doubtlessly, obviously, presumably, probably, undoubtedly, etc.
David is clearly unhappy to be here.
Apparently, we’re going to have to work harder.
Obviously, we don’t want to spend too much money.
Adverbs of Attitude
(Types of adverbs)
We can use the evaluative adverbs to make our attitude about something clear, such as astonishingly, frankly, fortunately, honestly, hopefully, interestingly, luckily, sadly, seriously, surprisingly, unbelievably, etc.
Hopefully, he will reach the top.
Honestly, I could’t eat another bite.
Frankly, I think the Internet is overrated.
Adverbs of Judgement
(Types of adverbs)
We can use the evaluative adverbs to make judgments about someone’s actions, including our own, such as bravely, carelessly, fairly, foolishly, generously, kindly, rightly, spitefully, stupidly, unfairly, wisely, wrongly, etc.
She kindly lent me her bicycle.
The jacket is very generously cut.
I carelessly broke the glass.
Conjunctive Adverbs (Linking adverbs)
Linking adverbs are adverbs that are used to link ideas or clauses in spoken discourse or written text. (Such as accordingly, besides, comparatively, conversely, equally, further, hence, in comparison, incidentally, namely, next, now, rather, undoubtedly, additionally, anyway, certainly, elsewhere, finally, in addition, in contrast, indeed, moreover, nonetheless, similarly, subsequently, thereafter, yet, also, meanwhile, consequently, nevertheless, finally, next, furthermore, otherwise, however, still, indeed, then, instead, therefore, likewise, thus, etc). They could also be called conjunctive adverbs in so far as they perform the same sort of function as conjunctions.
Furthermore, they had not consulted with her.
Some of the laws were contradictory. Accordingly, measures were taken to clarify them.