Different Types of Apples: 75 Popular Apple Varieties List

Different types of apples and popular varieties! Apples are, without question, one of the most commonly eaten fruits around the world and have fascinated people throughout history for a variety of reasons. Apples come in varying colors, shapes, and sizes, and apple lovers never can get enough of their juicy flesh, crisp texture, and sweet flavor. People love apples because they’re so versatile – you can use them in all sorts of foods, from sweet treats like cakes and pies to savory dishes like salads and appetizers.

Apples possess cultural significance in many regions, like being a spiritual symbol of knowledge and temptation in the story of Adam and Eve. But it doesn’t end with culinary and cultural importance as apples are also renowned for their health benefits. They are fiber-rich antioxidants loaded with vitamin C, making them a highly nutritious snack. Whether enjoyed fresh, baked, or in juice form, the enduring appeal of apples is here to stay, and they remain a favorite fruit in many parts of the world.

Types of Apples

Apples can be divided into two main categories: dessert apples and culinary apples.

  • Dessert apples

Dessert apples are typically sweeter and juicier than culinary apples. This makes them ideal for eating raw or as recipes for sweets like tarts, pies, and crumbles. Some of the more common varieties of this kind of apple include Fuji, Gala, and Honeycrisp. Dessert apples are considered unsuitable for cooking because of their thin skin and delicate flesh that can bruise easily. These apples offer a crisp texture and a delightful fruity flavor, which makes them a superb option as a solo snack or a delicious accompaniment to baked goodies.

  • Culinary apples

Culinary apples, on the other hand, are perfect for cooking being less sweet and more acidic than dessert apples. When cooked, culinary apples keep their shape, and their sourness can bring a zesty taste to savory meals, like stews and sauces. The skin on these apples is thicker and the flesh dense, enabling it to withstand the heat of cooking so they don’t end up mushy. Some popular culinary apple varieties include Rome, Bramley, and Granny Smith. These apples are a popular choice for a range of dishes, from apple sauces, chutneys, and pickles to savory meals like pork chops. They can even be stuffed with sausage for a delectable appetizer.

Dessert apples originated in Central Asia and were brought to Europe and North America by traders and settlers while culinary apples are native to Europe.

Both these types of apples can be grown in a variety of climates, but culinary apples are more adaptable to colder regions. Culinary apples are well-suited for regions with harsh winters due to their ability to endure frosts and their longer growing season. Dessert apples, on the other hand, need a more gentle climate and a longer time to grow in order to reach their delicious potential. Unlike culinary apples, they need a bit more TLC to develop their full flavor.

Apple Varieties List

Different Types of Apples and their Location

  • Akane (Japan)
  • Ambrosia (Canada)
  • Anna (Israel)
  • Arkansas Black (USA)
  • Ashmead’s Kernel (England)
  • Aurora Golden Gala (Canada)
  • Baldwin (USA)
  • Belle de Boskoop (Netherlands)
  • Ben Davis (USA)
  • Black Oxford (USA)
  • Braeburn (New Zealand)
  • Bramley (England)
  • Calville Blanc d’Hiver (France)
  • Cameo (USA)
  • Cripps Pink (Australia)
  • Cox’s Orange Pippin (England)
  • Crimson Crisp (USA)
  • Dayton (USA)
  • Delicious (USA)
  • Elstar (Netherlands)
  • Empire (USA)
  • Esopus Spitzenburg (USA)
  • Fiesta (USA)
  • Fortune (China)
  • Fuji (Japan)
  • Gala (New Zealand)
  • Ginger Gold (USA)
  • Golden Delicious (USA)
  • Granny Smith (Australia)
  • Gravenstein (Denmark)
  • Honeycrisp (USA)
  • Idared (Poland)
  • Jazz (New Zealand)
  • Jonagold (USA)
  • Jonathan (USA)
  • Kanzi (Belgium)
  • Kidd’s Orange Red (New Zealand)
  • Kingston Black (England)
  • Knobbed Russet (USA)
  • Lady Alice (USA)
  • Lady Williams (Australia)
  • Liberty (USA)
  • Lodi (USA)
  • Macoun (USA)
  • McIntosh (Canada)
  • Melrose (USA)
  • Mutsu (Japan)
  • Newtown Pippin (USA)
  • Northern Spy (USA)
  • Opal (Czech Republic)
  • Orleans Reinette (France)
  • Pacific Rose (New Zealand)
  • Pink Lady (Australia)
  • Pitmaston Pineapple (England)
  • Pixie Crunch (USA)
  • Red Delicious (USA)
  • Rhode Island Greening (USA)
  • Rome Beauty (USA)
  • Roxbury Russet (USA)
  • Rubinette (Switzerland)
  • Sansa (Japan)
  • Scarlet Surprise (USA)
  • Snow Sweet (USA)
  • Spartan (Canada)
  • Spitzenberg (USA)
  • St. Edmund’s Russet (England)
  • Stayman (USA)
  • Sundowner (Australia)
  • Sweetango (USA)
  • Tydeman’s Red (England)
  • Waltana (USA)
  • Wealthy (USA)
  • Winesap (USA)
  • Winter Banana (USA)
  • Yellow Transparent (Russia)

Dessert Apple Varieties List

  • Honeycrisp
  • Gala
  • Granny Smith
  • Pink Lady
  • Red Delicious
  • Golden Delicious
  • Braeburn
  • Jonagold
  • Fuji
  • McIntosh
  • Rome
  • Empire
  • Jonathan
  • Cortland
  • Northern Spy
  • Stayman
  • Winesap
  • Crispin (also known as Mutsu)
  • Liberty
  • Arkansas Black
  • Pink Pearl
  • Ashmead’s Kernel
  • Cox’s Orange Pippin
  • Gravenstein
  • Belle de Boskoop

Culinary Apple Varieties List

  • Bramley
  • Rome Beauty
  • Cortland
  • Baldwin
  • Rhode Island Greening
  • Northern Spy
  • Honeycrisp
  • Jonathan
  • Winesap
  • Pink Lady
  • Braeburn
  • Gravenstein
  • Ashmead’s Kernel
  • Calville Blanc d’Hiver
  • Bramtot
  • Orleans Reinette
  • Roxbury Russet
  • Lady Apple
  • Kingston Black
  • Esopus Spitzenburg
  • Belle de Boskoop
  • Newtown Pippin
  • Cox’s Orange Pippin

Common Apple Varieties and their Characteristics

Apples are grown in many different parts of the world, and each region has its own unique varieties. But when you go shopping at grocery stores or supermarkets, you’ll likely see some apple varieties more frequently than others. Here are some of the more popular apple varieties and their characteristics:

  • Red Delicious (USA)

One of the most widely recognized types of apples, this variety can be found in most grocery stores. It boasts a deep red skin and a flesh that is both slightly sweet and juicy. Red Delicious apples are often eaten raw and usually found in salads, but they can also be baked or cooked.

  • Golden Delicious (USA)

Golden Delicious apples are characterized by their yellow-green skin and sweet, crisp flesh, making them a favored option for cooking and baking as they are able to retain their shape during cooking. Golden Delicious apples are also great for eating raw and are often used in salads and snacks.

  • Granny Smith (Australia)

Granny Smith apples are awesome with their bright green skin and tangy, crispy insides. They’re so versatile in the kitchen and can be used for cooking and baking to add a yummy twist to your meals. You can also munch on them raw or add them to salads.

  • Gala (New Zealand)

Gala apples have reddish-orange skin with yellow undertones and sweet, juicy flesh. People love snacking on them, but they’re also great for cooking and baking.

  • Honeycrisp (USA)

Honeycrisp apples are a newer variety that has quickly gained popularity for their sweet and juicy flesh and crunchy texture. These apples have red and yellow skin and are great to eat as is, but you can also cook and bake with them if you’re feeling fancy.

  • Fuji (Japan)

Fuji apples have a skin that’s yellow-green in color with some red highlights, and the flesh is really sweet and crisp; also a popular choice for snacking, cooking, and baking.

  • Braeburn (New Zealand)

Braeburn apples are known for their red and green skin and tangy, juicy flesh. People love using them for baking, but they’re also great to snack on or toss into a salad.

  • Cripps Pink or Pink Lady (Australia)

Pink Lady apples have skin that’s pinkish-red and sweet, crunchy flesh. They are a popular snacking apple and, like most other varieties, can also be used in cooking and baking.

Conclusion

Apples are fruits that taste great and are packed with health benefits. There are many different types to choose from. Whether you like them tangy and firm or sweet and crunchy, there’s always one that’s perfect for you. Go ahead and try a new type of apple next time you’re at the grocery store. With so many options, you’re sure to find a new flavor that you’ll love.

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