Types of Doctors: Doctor Names List with Pictures

When you go to the hospital, depending on what the problem is will greatly depend on what kind of doctor you will be seen by. Each of these different kinds of doctors will have a different name and it is important to learn these in English so that you know who you will be seeing on your visit to the hospital. You might also need to know this information if your studies or career is based around medicine. In this section, you will be able to learn the English names for the different types of doctors.

Types of Doctors

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Medical practitioners are qualified people who work as doctors in a hospital or private practice.

Medical specialists are doctors who have completed advanced education and clinical training in a specific area of medicine (their speciality area).

List of Doctors

  • Surgeon
  • Paramedic
  • Psychologist
  • Nurse
  • ENT doctor
  • Pharmacist
  • Consulting doctor
  • Attending doctor
  • Duty doctor
  • Family doctor
  • Veterinarian
  • Dentist

Doctor Names with Pictures and Examples

Here are 12 types of doctors and specialists in various areas in health care profession.


  • A medical doctor who performs surgical procedures to treat injuries, diseases, or deformities.
  • Example: The surgeon performed a successful heart transplant surgery on the patient.

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  • A healthcare professional who provides emergency medical care to patients in the field.
  • Example: The paramedic responded quickly to the scene of the accident and provided lifesaving treatment to the injured person.

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  • A mental health professional who diagnoses and treats mental and emotional disorders.
  • Example: The psychologist helped the patient overcome their anxiety and improve their mental health.

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  • A healthcare professional who provides patient care, administers medications, and assists with medical procedures.
  • Example: The nurse monitored the patient’s vital signs and provided comfort and care during their hospital stay.

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ENT doctor

  • A medical doctor who specializes in the diagnosis and treatment of ear, nose, and throat disorders.
  • Example: The ENT doctor treated the patient’s chronic sinusitis and improved their breathing.

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  • A healthcare professional who prepares and dispenses medications and provides medication counseling to patients.
  • Example: The pharmacist filled the patient’s prescription and provided information on how to take the medication safely.

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Consulting doctor

  • A medical doctor who provides expert advice and recommendations to other healthcare professionals.
  • Example: The consulting doctor reviewed the patient’s medical records and provided guidance on the best course of treatment.

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Attending doctor

  • A medical doctor who is responsible for overseeing the care of patients in a hospital or clinic.
  • Example: The attending doctor visited the patient daily to monitor their progress and adjust their treatment plan as needed.

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Duty doctor

  • A medical doctor who is on call or available to provide medical care outside of regular office hours.
  • Example: The duty doctor responded to an emergency call in the middle of the night and provided treatment to the patient.

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Family doctor

  • A medical doctor who provides primary care to patients of all ages, including preventive care, diagnosis, and treatment of common illnesses.
  • Example: The family doctor conducted an annual physical exam and provided recommendations for improving the patient’s health.

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  • A medical doctor who specializes in the diagnosis and treatment of animal illnesses and injuries.
  • Example: The veterinarian treated the injured dog and provided medication to help them recover from their injuries.

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  • A healthcare professional who specializes in the diagnosis and treatment of oral health issues, including teeth and gums.
  • Example: The dentist performed a routine cleaning and checkup on the patient’s teeth and gums, and provided recommendations for improving their oral health.

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Doctor Names List with Meanings

Cardiologist: A doctor who studies or treats heart diseases

Dentist: Someone whose job is to treat people’s teeth

Endocrinologist: A specially trained doctor who has basic training in Internal Medicine as well.

General practitioner: A medical doctor who treats acute and chronic illnesses and provides preventive care and health education to patients

Microbiologist: A scientist who studies microscopic life forms and processes

Nephrologist: A physician who studies and deals with nephrology

Surgeon: A doctor who does operations in a hospital

Obstetrician: A doctor who has special training in obstetrics

ENT Specialist: A surgical subspecialty within medicine that deals with conditions of the ear, nose, and throat and related structures of the head and neck

Parasitologist: A scientist who studies parasites and their biology and pathology, such as the parasitic diseases caused by them

Pathologist: A physician/ medical doctor who specializes in pathology, which is the diagnosing of disease using organs, tissue, and body fluids

Pediatrician: A doctor who deals with children and their illnesses

Podiatrist: A doctor who takes care of people’s feet and treats foot diseases

Psychiatrist: A doctor trained in the treatment of mental illness

Emergency doctor: A doctor works at an emergency department to care for acutely ill patients

Veterinarian: Someone who is trained to give medical care and treatment to sick animals

Health Vocabulary in English

Learn health vocabulary in English

Learn common diseases and different types of doctors with American English pronunciation.

Frequently Asked Questions

What are some common doctor specializations?

There are numerous doctor specializations to suit various patient needs. Some examples include cardiologists, who focus on heart health; dermatologists, who diagnose and treat skin conditions; and gastroenterologists, who handle digestive system disorders. Additionally, surgeons perform various types of procedures, while obstetricians and gynecologists cater to women’s reproductive health needs.

What is a specialist doctor?

A specialist doctor is a medical professional who has completed extensive training in a specific area of medicine. This allows them to diagnose, treat, and manage conditions related to their area of expertise. Specialist doctors often collaborate with primary care physicians to provide comprehensive care and target treatment options for patients.

Which famous doctors have made significant contributions?

Throughout history, numerous doctors have made significant advances in medical knowledge and practice. For instance, Hippocrates established standards for ethical medical treatment, while Sigmund Freud pioneered modern psychoanalysis. In more recent history, Dr. Christiaan Barnard performed the first successful heart transplant, and Dr. Robert Gallo co-discovered HIV as the cause of AIDS.

What is a pediatrician?

A pediatrician is a medical specialist who focuses on the health and well-being of children from infancy through adolescence. They provide routine care, such as immunizations and developmental screenings, in addition to diagnosing and treating common childhood illnesses and conditions. Pediatricians also collaborate with families to ensure the healthy growth and development of children.

What is a psychiatrist?

A psychiatrist is a medical doctor who specializes in the diagnosis, prevention, and treatment of mental health disorders. They assess patients using various methods, including interviews, observations, and diagnostic tests, to create tailored treatment plans. Treatment approaches may consist of medication, therapy, or a combination of both. Psychiatrists work closely with patients and other healthcare professionals to manage mental health conditions and promote well-being.

What is a pain management specialist?

A pain management specialist is a medical doctor with specialized training in the assessment, diagnosis, and treatment of various pain conditions. They administer treatments to alleviate acute and chronic pain resulting from illness, injury, or surgery. Some common treatments include medication, nerve blocks, physical therapy, and therapeutic injections. Pain management specialists work collaboratively with patients and their healthcare teams to improve quality of life and daily functioning.

Doctor Names Vocabulary Practice


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