Different Types of Nuts with Useful Facts and Pictures

Last Updated on November 3, 2023

How many types of nuts are there? We typically identify nuts by their edible and culinary names like pecans, cashews, almonds, and walnuts. But in botany, raw nuts are tree fruits. The exception of course is peanuts that grow beneath the ground.

What Are Nuts?

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A majority of the nuts grown worldwide begins when the ovary hardens, ripens, and then turns to a hard shell. Inside the shell, the fruit’s seed, or kernel, develops. Many tree nuts like almonds and hazelnuts start out as beautiful flowers.

There are over 53 types of nuts found in the world. Of the edible type, there are over 20. Mother Nature has packed nuts with powerful and healthy properties. These include:

  • Fiber
  • Healthy unsaturated fats
  • Contains antioxidants to prevent diseases
  • Contains various vitamins, minerals, and protein
  • Lowers cholesterol levels
  • Prevents heart disease

Types of Nuts

Tree Nuts

Here is a list of different types of nuts and how advantageous they are:


Found mainly in West Asia, the U.S. has adopted it as their largest commercial crop. Almonds are gluten-free and are packed with minerals, protein, and vitamins. This nut is also used in certain medications, aromatherapy, in cosmetics for hydrating the skin, and in culinary meals.

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This nut is packed with antioxidants, fiber, minerals, and vitamins for increased energy levels, heart disease, and antibiotics to prevent cancer and diseases. Its native home in Brazil and has found homes in Vietnam, India, and Africa.

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Pecans are native to the U.S. Pecans contain minerals, vitamins, antioxidants, vitamins, monosaturated fats, potassium, calcium, and more.

Pecans Pin


Walnuts are native to southern Europe and Asia. Now there are plantations throughout the U.S., France, Romania, China, and Turkey. Walnuts contain high levels of monosaturated properties that keep the heart-healthy. This nut is power-packed with minerals, vitamins, and antioxidants. Walnut oil is used in cosmetics, aromatherapy, and cooking. Walnuts are also used in hydrating the skin.

Walnuts Pin


Pistachios originated in West Asia and Turkey. It is now cultivated in the U.S., Iran, China, and Syria. This delicious tree nut contains antioxidants, monosaturated fats, minerals, proteins, and vitamins. Pistachio oil is used in many culinary dishes. This nut is also used in the medical field, the cosmetic industry, and aromatherapy fields.

Pistachios Pin

Brazil Nuts

This popular nut originated in Brazil and is now grown in Peru and Bolivia. Brazil nuts are packed with protein, healthy fats, minerals, vitamins, and antioxidants. Brazil nuts are used by the medical field, the cosmetic industry, pharmaceutical companies, and its oil for cooking.

Brazil Nuts Pin

Pine Nuts

Pine nuts originated in Pakistan, India, and Afghanistan. They are packed with healthy vitamins, antioxidants, and minerals. It is gluten-free. Pine nuts are popularly used in cooking, salads, medicine, cosmetics, pharmaceuticals, and aromatherapy.

Pine Nuts Pin

Hazel Nuts

Also nicknamed “Filberts,” hazel nuts originated in Turkey and parts of Europe. This beneficial tree nut is packed with fiber, vitamins, minerals, antioxidants, and is gluten-free. Hazel nut oil helps to moisturize and hydrate the skin. Its oil is popular in many cooking dishes. Its oil is also used by the pharmaceutical industry, the cosmetic industry, massage therapies, and aromatherapy.

Hazel Nuts Pin


Coconuts are both a tree fruit and a nut. It grows in many different tropical countries. Its milky liquid and its white meaty insides are enjoyed around the world. Both its liquid and meat is filled with minerals, vitamins, antioxidants, electrolytes, anti-aging enzymes, and so much more to protect the heart and cholesterol levels.

Coconuts Pin

Ground Nuts


Peanuts were native to Spain but have now found a lucrative home in the U.S. and Africa. This popular nut contains enriched nutrients that include vitamins, protein, antioxidants, amino acids, and a variety of minerals like iron and potassium.

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Seed Nuts

Sunflower Seeds

Sunflower seeds are the edible seeds harvested from the sunflower plant. These seeds are a popular snack worldwide, boasting a high nutritional value. They are an excellent source of vitamin E, magnesium, and selenium.

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Pumpkin Seeds

Pumpkin seeds, also known as pepitas, originate from the pumpkin fruit. Typically found within the flesh of the pumpkin, they can be removed, cleaned, and then roasted or eaten raw. Pumpkin seeds are a powerhouse of nutrients, containing protein, healthy fats, fiber, and a variety of minerals like magnesium, zinc, and iron. 

Pumpkin Seeds Pin

List of Healthiest Nuts

The healthiest nuts are those that provide mobility and versatility in our daily lives. Healthy nuts that be combined to make a great fat-free treat can be used in a variety of ways. The following nuts help to provide over 50% of our daily needs.

Nuts are packed with nutrients that can be eaten and easily digested by diabetics, heart-disease patients, allergy sufferers, liver disease, weight loss diets, Alzheimer, and other ailments that are best for the body’s immune system.

The healthiest nuts favored by physicians and nutritionists include the following:

  • Almonds
  • Brazil nuts
  • Cashews
  • Hazel nuts
  • Macadamia nuts
  • Peanuts
  • Pecans
  • Pine nuts
  • Pistachios
  • Walnuts

Remember, that too much of a good thing is not good. Nuts can and should be part of our daily food requirements. But, as healthy as nuts are, a daily requirement is just a small handful.

Lesser Known Types

Macadamia Nuts

We always hear about almonds, walnuts, and peanuts, but let’s take a moment to appreciate macadamia nuts. These delicious and buttery nuts originated in Australia and are now grown in various parts of the world including Hawaii and California. They are high in healthy fats and are great for heart health. When roasted, they have a fantastic crunch and can be enjoyed on their own, in cookies, or even in salads.

Koala Nuts

Another lesser-known variety of nuts is the Koala nut, also known as the candlenut. They are native to Indonesia, Malaysia, and the Pacific. Koala nuts are rich in oils and have been used for various purposes, such as a source of light in the form of candles, and also as a traditional ingredient in Indonesian and Malaysian cuisines. Please note that Koala nuts must be cooked before consumption since they can be toxic if eaten raw. These nuts also offer great nutritional benefits, including a good amount of protein, fiber, and healthy fats.

Beech Nuts

Beech nuts come from the beech tree, commonly found in Europe, Asia, and North America. These tiny, triangular nuts have a subtle, sweet flavor and are often enjoyed roasted or mixed into other dishes like salads and stuffings. They are packed with nutrients, including protein, healthy fats, and a variety of vitamins and minerals. Beech nuts are also traditionally used to make beech nut oil, which has various applications in cooking and cosmetic products. Just be cautious, as some people might be allergic to these nuts.

Frequently Asked Questions

What are some popular types of nuts?

Some popular types of nuts include almonds, walnuts, pecans, cashews, hazelnuts, and pistachios. These nuts are enjoyed for their distinctive flavors and health benefits, such as improving heart health, providing essential minerals, and supporting weight management. They can be consumed raw, roasted, or as ingredients in various recipes, and are often paired with dried fruits or chocolate in snack mixes.

What are common nuts beginning with S?

Some nuts that start with the letter ‘S’ include sunflower seeds, Sacha Inchi, and shelled raw squash seeds. Sunflower seeds are popular in many dishes and snacks, while Sacha Inchi is known for its high protein content and abundant omega-3 fatty acids. Squash seeds, like pumpkin seeds, can be roasted and enjoyed as a tasty snack.

Which nuts have names starting with the letter M?

Nuts with names beginning with ‘M’ include macadamia nuts and Marcona almonds. Macadamia nuts are known for their rich, buttery flavor, and high levels of monounsaturated fats. Marcona almonds, originally from Spain, have a slightly sweeter taste and softer texture compared to regular almonds.

Can you list nuts that start with the letter E?

We’re unable to find nuts that specifically start with the letter ‘E.’ However, if you ever come across new and unique nuts, we’d love to hear about them too!

Are nuts classified as grains or proteins?

Nuts are not classified as grains or proteins, though they are an excellent source of plant-based protein. Scientifically, nuts are considered seeds or fruits with a hard, inedible shell. They are also rich in healthy fats, fiber, vitamins, and minerals, making them a nutrient-dense food option for many diets.

Peas and Beans Vocabulary Practice



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4 thoughts on “Different Types of Nuts with Useful Facts and Pictures”

  1. Edited – (08/15/2023)
    When it comes to redirecting crows into their natural habitat within the Massachusetts state. To ensure we support the national parks and recreation agricultural grant.That we use to protect our wildlife as a united nation. Can we add sunflower into the farmers almanac and book of yields to support our economy to build sustainability for all.

    As a graduate from the Culinary Institute of America located in Hyde Park, New York. How do we move forward in regards to supporting food service workers to avoid homelessness.

    #ciasafe – 2011

  2. When comes to redirecting crows into their natural habitat. To ensure we protect our wildlife as a united nation. Can we add sunflower butter into the grid including any other new emulsion that many people call nut butter (peanut butter for example) 🧐⚖️💫🎶🍃🌹

  3. Nuts (tree nuts and peanuts) are nutrient dense foods with complex matrices rich in unsaturated fatty and other bioactive compounds: high-quality vegetable protein, fiber, minerals, tocopherols, phytosterols, and phenolic compounds. By virtue of their unique composition, nuts are likely to beneficially impact health outcomes. Epidemiologic studies have associated nut consumption with a reduced incidence of coronary heart disease and gallstones in both genders and diabetes in women. Limited evidence also suggests beneficial effects on hypertension, cancer, and inflammation. Interventional studies consistently show that nut intake has a cholesterol-lowering effect, even in the context of healthy diets, and there is emerging evidence of beneficial effects on oxidative stress, inflammation, and vascular reactivity. Blood pressure, visceral adiposity and the metabolic syndrome also appear to be positively influenced by nut consumption. Thus it is clear that nuts have a beneficial impact on many cardiovascular risk factors. Contrary to expectations, epidemiologic studies and clinical trials suggest that regular nut consumption is unlikely to contribute to obesity and may even help in weight loss. Safety concerns are limited to the infrequent occurrence of nut allergy in children. In conclusion, nuts are nutrient rich foods with wide-ranging cardiovascular and metabolic benefits, which can be readily incorporated into healthy diets.


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