List of vegetables in English with useful pictures. Food is one of the most important parts of our lives and when learning a foreign language, it is vital that we learn how to refer to different types of foods. One of the most important foods is vegetables, with people now living much healthier lives and some even having a plant-based diet, you are likely to need to know a much wider range of English vegetable names.
Like fruits, vegetables are also a type of healthy food. They are either part of a plant or a plant themselves and some are grown underground in soil. While fruits are usually eaten as a healthy snack, vegetables are usually incorporated into meals, though things like carrot sticks are considered to be snacks. Vegetables are typically organized into five groups: dark green, starch, red and orange, dry beans and peas, and others. Eating a balanced diet means that you are getting enough fruits and vegetables to balance out the other things we eat that may be less healthy. Eating ‘five a day’ means that you should have five portions of fruit and vegetables every day.
Root vegetables are plants in which the edible portion is found underground. Some popular root vegetables include:
- Potatoes (Solanum tuberosum)
- Carrots (Daucus carota)
- Beets (Beta vulgaris)
- Radishes (Raphanus sativus)
- Parsnips (Pastinaca sativa)
These vegetables tend to be high in complex carbohydrates and provide a valuable source of energy.
Leafy Greens Vegetables
Leafy greens are vegetables with large, edible leaves. Examples of leafy greens include:
- Spinach (Spinacia oleracea)
- Lettuce (Lactuca sativa)
- Kale (Brassica oleracea var. acephala)
- Swiss chard (Beta vulgaris subsp. cicla)
- Arugula (Eruca vesicaria)
These vegetables are typically rich in vitamins, minerals, and dietary fiber, making them a vital part of a healthy diet.
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Cruciferous vegetables belong to the Brassicaceae family and are known for their beneficial health properties. Some common cruciferous vegetables are:
- Broccoli (Brassica oleracea var. italica)
- Cauliflower (Brassica oleracea var. botrytis)
- Brussels sprouts (Brassica oleracea var. gemmifera)
- Cabbage (Brassica oleracea var. capitata)
- Bok choy (Brassica rapa, variety chinensis)
These vegetables contain compounds that may help reduce inflammation and protect against cancer.
Some vegetables are technically fruits but are commonly considered vegetables due to their culinary uses. Examples of these include:
- Tomatoes (Solanum lycopersicum)
- Cucumbers (Cucumis sativus)
- Bell peppers (Capsicum annuum)
- Eggplant (Solanum melongena)
- Zucchini (Cucurbita pepo)
These vegetables provide a variety of vitamins and minerals, as well as important dietary fiber.
Allium vegetables are part of the Alliaceae family, known for their strong aroma and distinctive flavors. Some examples are:
- Onion (Allium cepa)
- Garlic (Allium sativum)
- Leeks (Allium ampeloprasum var. porrum)
- Shallots (Allium cepa var. aggregatum)
- Chives (Allium schoenoprasum)
Allium vegetables contain sulfur-containing compounds, which may have health benefits, such as supporting heart health and reducing inflammation.
Legumes are plants that produce seeds within pods. Some common types of legumes include:
- Green beans (Phaseolus vulgaris)
- Peas (Pisum sativum)
- Chickpeas (Cicer arietinum)
- Lentils (Lens culinaris)
- Soybeans (Glycine max)
Legumes are often rich in protein and fiber, making them a valuable plant-based source of nutrients in a balanced diet.
List of Vegetables
Common Vegetables List
List of Vegetables | Vegetable Images
Learn vegetable vocabulary in English.
- Red pepper/red bell pepper
- Swede/rutabaga (U.S.)
- Brussels sprout
- Sweet potato
- Courgette (U.K.)/zucchini (U.S.)
- Green chilli
- Green pepper
- French beans
- Beetroot/beet (U.S.)
- Red chillies/red chili peppers (U.S.)
List of Vegetables with Descriptions and Pictures
Learn these vegetable names to increase your vocabulary words about fruits and vegetables in English.
Sweet and juicy kernels that grow on a cob.
Edible fungus with a soft, spongy texture and earthy flavor.
Learn more: Types of Mushrooms
Green vegetable with tightly packed clusters of buds on a stalk.
Crisp and refreshing green vegetable with a mild flavor and high water content.
Red pepper/red bell pepper
Sweet and crunchy vegetable with a bright red color and bell shape.
Sweet and tropical fruit with a spiky exterior and juicy yellow flesh.
Juicy and versatile fruit with a bright red color and slightly tangy flavor.
Root vegetable with a yellowish-orange flesh and slightly sweet taste.
Crunchy and sweet root vegetable with a bright orange color.
Small and leafy green vegetable with a slightly bitter taste.
Large and round orange vegetable with a thick skin and sweet flesh.
Leafy green or purple vegetable with tightly packed layers.
Starchy and versatile vegetable with a neutral flavor and fluffy texture.
Purple or white vegetable with a spongy texture and mild flavor.
Sweet and starchy root vegetable with a bright orange color.
A root vegetable with white or yellowish flesh and slightly bitter taste.
Courgette (U.K.)/zucchini (U.S.)
Green or yellow vegetables with a cylindrical shape and mild flavor.
Spicy and green pepper with a thin skin and elongated shape.
Pungent and flavorful bulb vegetable with multiple layers.
Leafy green vegetable commonly used in salads.
Small and crunchy root vegetable with a slightly spicy taste.
Sweet and tender green vegetable with a round shape.
Tender and flavorful green vegetable with a spear-like shape.
Crisp and fibrous vegetable with a mild flavor.
Mild and crunchy vegetable with a green color and bell shape.
Long and slender green vegetable with a slightly sweet taste.
Leafy green vegetable with a slightly bitter taste and high nutritional value.
A sweet and earthy root vegetable with a deep red color.
Red chilies/red chili peppers (U.S.)
Spicy and red pepper with a thin skin and elongated shape.
Nutritious and versatile legumes with a variety of shapes and colors, such as green, yellow, black, and red.
List of Vegetables (By Types)
List of Root Vegetables
- Sweet potato
- Taro root
- Parsley root
- Daikon radish
- Sweet turnip
- Black radish
- Red radish
- White radish
- Green radish
- Maca root
- Wasabi root
- Elephant garlic
- Chinese chives
- Welsh onion
- Bunching onion
- Egyptian onion
- Japanese bunching onion
- Red onion
- Pearl onion
- Wild garlic
- Wild leek
- Spring onion
Leafy Vegetables List
- Collard greens
- Swiss chard
- Mustard greens
- Bok choy
- Chinese cabbage
- Broccoli rabe
- Turnip greens
- Beet greens
- Carrot greens
- Dandelion greens
- Belgian endive
- Wild spinach
- Wild mustard
- Wild lamb’s quarters
- Plantain leaves
- Mallow leaves
- Stinging nettles
- Curly dock
- Sheep sorrel
- Red-veined sorrel
- Yellow dock
- Cow parsnip
- Wild ginger
- Butternut squash
- Acorn squash
- Spaghetti squash
- Summer squash
- Yellow squash
- Pattypan squash
- Delicata squash
- Hubbard squash
- Buttercup squash
- Kabocha squash
- Calabaza squash
- Turk’s turban squash
- Banana squash
- Carnival squash
- Sweet dumpling squash
- Blue hubbard squash
- Boston marrow squash
- Green striped cushaw squash
- Yellow crookneck squash
- Squash blossom
- Tromboncino squash
- Wild green striped cushaw squash
- Winter squash
- Acorn-shaped winter squash
- Round winter squash
- Long winter squash
- Spaghetti squash
List of Peas and Beans
- Green peas
- Snow peas
- Sugar snap peas
- English peas
- Lima beans
- Butter beans
- Kidney beans
- Black beans
- Pinto beans
- Navy beans
- Mung beans
- Fava beans
- Black-eyed peas
- Runner beans
- Adzuki beans
- Broad beans
- Winged beans
- Borlotti beans
- Red beans
- White beans
- Cannellini beans
- Great Northern beans
- Cranberry beans
- Rice beans
- Hyacinth beans
- Jack beans
- Lima bean
List of Vegetables (A-Z)
Vegetables are an important part of a healthy diet and come in a wide variety of shapes, colors, and flavors. Here is a list of different vegetables from A to Z:
- A: Artichokes, Arugula, Asparagus, Acorn Squash, Adzuki Bean
- B: Bamboo Shoots, Banana Squash, Beets, Belgian Endive, Bell Peppers, Black Beans, Bok Choy, Broccoli, Brussels Sprouts
- C: Cabbage, Carrots, Cauliflower, Celery, Collard Greens, Corn, Cucumbers
- D: Daikon Radish, Dandelion Greens
- E: Endive, Eggplant, Escarole
- F: Fennel, French Beans
- G: Garlic, Ginger, Green Beans, Green Onions, Green Peas
- H: Hot Peppers
- I: Iceberg Lettuce, Indian Corn
- J: Jerusalem Artichoke, Jicama
- K: Kale, Kohlrabi
- L: Leeks, Lettuce, Lima Beans
- M: Mustard Greens, Mushrooms
- N: Napa Cabbage, Navy Beans, Nopales
- O: Okra, Onions
- P: Parsnips, Peas, Peppers, Potatoes, Pumpkins
- Q: Quinoa Greens
- R: Radishes, Red Cabbage, Red Onions, Red Peppers, Rhubarb, Rutabaga
- S: Spinach, Squash, Sweet Corn, Sweet Potatoes, Swiss Chard
- T: Tomatoes, Turnips
- U: Upland Cress
- V: –
- W: Watercress, Watermelon, White Onions
- X: –
- Y: Yellow Beans, Yellow Squash, Yuca
- Z: Zucchini
This list offers a glimpse into the wide variety of vegetables available across the alphabet. They can be used for salads, soups, side dishes, and other culinary creations. Incorporating these vegetables into daily meals adds color and nutrients to diets while also providing opportunities to experiment with new recipes and flavors.
Vegetables List | Video
List of Vegetables with Pictures
Learn vegetable vocabulary in English with pictures.
Vegetable Names in English | Vegetable Images
Vegetables Names in English | Vegetables Images
FAQs on List of Vegetables
What are the main subgroups of vegetables?
Vegetables can be organized into five main subgroups based on their nutrient content. These include dark-green vegetables, beans and peas, starchy vegetables, red and orange vegetables, and other vegetables. Some examples of specific vegetables within each of these subgroups are spinach, broccoli, carrots, and corn.
Are there fruits that are considered vegetables?
Yes, there are a number of fruits that are considered vegetables in culinary context. These include cucumbers, tomatoes, peppers, and pumpkins, which have seeds and come from the flowering part of the plant.
How should I wash fruits and vegetables?
The safest method to clean your fruits and vegetables is by washing them under running water, even if you don’t plan to eat the peel. This helps to remove any dirt or bacteria that may be present on the surface, reducing the risk of foodborne illness.
What are some examples of leaf and stem vegetables?
Leaf and stem vegetables include a wide range of plants, some of which are:
- Amaranth (Amaranthus species)
- Arugula (Eruca vesicaria sativa)
- Asparagus (Asparagus officinalis)
- Bamboo (various species)
- Beet (Beta vulgaris)
- Bok choy (Brassica rapa, variety chinensis)
- Brussels sprouts (Brassica oleracea, variety gemmifera)
Which vegetables are the richest in nutrients?
While all vegetables provide essential nutrients, some have a higher nutrient content than others. For example, dark-green vegetables such as spinach, kale, and collard greens are rich in vitamins A, C, and K, as well as minerals like calcium and iron. Red and orange vegetables, like sweet potatoes and bell peppers, are high in vitamins A and C. Beans and peas, such as lentils and chickpeas, are also nutrient-dense, providing a good amount of protein, fiber, and various vitamins and minerals.
Last Updated on May 16, 2023