Types of Vehicles with Names and Useful Pictures

You are often going to find that the different types of vehicles come up during a conversation as well as being frequently used in written works and in movies and TV. For this reason, it is very important that you are able to understand and effectively communicate the names of the various types of vehicles. This is also handy when talking about getting around or asking simple questions such as ‘from where can I catch a bus?’

In this section, you will have the opportunity to learn the names of various types of vehicle.

List of Vehicles

Common Vehicles VocabularyPin

A vehicle is a mobile machine that transports people or cargo. Typical vehicles include wagons, bicycles, motor vehicles, cars, railed vehicles, watercraft, aircraft and spacecraft.

Common Vehicles List

  • Van
  • Taxi
  • Police car
  • Bus
  • Ambulance
  • Skateboard
  • Baby carriage (US)/ Pram (UK)
  • Bicycle
  • Mountain bike
  • Scooter
  • Motorcycle
  • Fire engine
  • Crane
  • Forklift
  • Tractor
  • Recycling truck
  • Cement mixer
  • Dump truck
  • Subway
  • Aerial tramway
  • Helicopter
  • Airplane
  • Balloon
  • Tram (UK)/ Streetcar (US)
  • Carriage
  • Rowboat
  • Boat
  • Train

Types of Vehicles with Names and Useful PicturesPin

Vehicle Names with Pictures and Examples

Learn these vehicle names to enhance your transportation vocabulary in English.


A van is a type of vehicle that is typically larger than a car and designed to transport people or goods.

  • Example: “We rented a van to transport all of our camping gear to the national park.”

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A taxi is a type of vehicle that is used to transport people from one location to another for a fee.

  • Example: “I hailed a taxi to take me to the airport because I didn’t want to deal with the hassle of parking.”

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Police car

A police car is a type of vehicle that is used by law enforcement officers to patrol and respond to emergencies.

  • Example: “The police car turned on its sirens and raced down the street to catch the suspect.”

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A bus is a type of vehicle that is designed to transport a large number of people, typically along predetermined routes.

  • Example: “I take the bus to work every day because it’s more cost-effective than driving my car.”

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An ambulance is a type of vehicle that is used to transport sick or injured people to a hospital for medical treatment.

  • Example: “The ambulance arrived quickly and rushed the injured person to the hospital for emergency medical care.”

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A skateboard is a type of vehicle that is used for transportation and recreation. It consists of a narrow board with four small wheels attached to the bottom.

  • Example: “I love riding my skateboard to the park on weekends.”

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Baby carriage (US)/ Pram (UK)

A baby carriage, also known as a stroller or a pram, is a type of vehicle designed for parents to transport their babies or young children. It typically has four wheels, a handlebar, and a compartment for the child to sit or lie down in.

  • Example: “My sister’s baby looks so comfortable in his new baby carriage.”

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A bicycle is a type of vehicle that is powered by pedals and human energy. It typically has two wheels, a frame, handlebars, and a seat. Bicycles are commonly used for transportation, exercise, and recreation.

  • Example: “I ride my bicycle to work every day to save money on gas and get some exercise.”

Types of Vehicles with Names and Useful Pictures 8Pin

Mountain bike

A mountain bike is a type of bicycle that is designed for off-road terrain, such as dirt trails, rocky paths, and steep hills. It typically has wider tires, a sturdy frame, and a suspension system to absorb shocks.

  • Example: “I love taking my mountain bike on weekend adventures in the mountains.”

Types of Vehicles with Names and Useful Pictures 9Pin


A scooter is a type of vehicle that is powered by a motor or by human energy. It typically has two wheels, a platform for the rider to stand on, and handlebars for steering. Scooters are commonly used for transportation, especially in urban areas.

  • Example: “My nephew got a new electric scooter for his birthday and he loves riding it around the neighborhood.”

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Types of Vehicles with Names and Pictures

Types of Vehicles with Names and Pictures Pin


A motorcycle is a type of vehicle that is powered by an engine and typically has two wheels. It also has handlebars for steering, a seat for the rider, and footpegs for support. Motorcycles are commonly used for transportation, recreation, and racing.

  • Example: “My dad loves taking his motorcycle on long road trips across the country.”

Types of Vehicles with Names and Useful Pictures 11Pin

Fire engine

A fire engine, also known as a fire truck, is a type of vehicle that is used by firefighters to transport personnel and equipment to the scene of a fire. It typically has a large water tank, hoses, ladders, and other firefighting tools.

  • Example: “The fire engine arrived at the burning building within minutes and the firefighters quickly got to work.”

Types of Vehicles with Names and Useful Pictures 12Pin


A crane is a type of vehicle that is used for lifting and moving heavy objects. It typically has a long arm with a hook or a scoop at the end, which can be extended and retracted as needed. Cranes are commonly used in construction, manufacturing, and shipping.

  • Example: “The crane operator carefully lifted the steel beams and placed them into position on the top floor of the building.”

Types of Vehicles with Names and Useful Pictures 13Pin


A forklift is a type of vehicle that is used for lifting and moving heavy objects in warehouses, factories, and other industrial settings. It typically has two forks at the front that can be raised and lowered to lift and transport pallets of goods.

  • Example: “The forklift operator carefully maneuvered the pallet of boxes through the narrow aisle of the warehouse.”

Types of Vehicles with Names and Useful Pictures 14Pin


A tractor is a type of vehicle that is used for farming and other agricultural tasks. It typically has large wheels or tracks for traction, a powerful engine, and a hitch or drawbar for pulling or pushing heavy equipment.

  • Example: “The farmer used his tractor to plow the field and prepare it for planting.”

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Recycling truck

A recycling truck is a type of vehicle that is used for collecting and transporting recyclable materials, such as paper, plastic, and metal. It typically has a large compartment for storing the materials, and separate compartments for different types of recyclables.

  • Example: “The recycling truck comes by our neighborhood every Thursday to collect our paper, plastic, and glass materials.”

Types of Vehicles with Names and Useful Pictures 16Pin

Cement mixer

A cement mixer is a type of vehicle that is used for mixing cement, sand, and water to create concrete. It typically has a rotating drum that mixes the ingredients together, and can be mounted on a truck or trailer for transportation.

  • Example: “The construction crew used a cement mixer to create the concrete foundation for the new building.”

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Dump truck

A dump truck is a type of vehicle that is used for transporting loose materials, such as sand, gravel, and dirt. It typically has a large open bed that can be raised and tilted to dump the materials at the desired location.

  • Example: “The dump truck delivered a load of sand to the construction site and dumped it into the designated area.”

Types of Vehicles with Names and Useful Pictures 18Pin


A subway is a type of vehicle that is used for public transportation in urban areas. It typically runs on tracks underground, and has multiple cars that are connected to each other. Passengers can board the subway at designated stations along the route.

  • Example: “I take the subway to work every day because it’s faster and more convenient than driving through traffic.”

Types of Vehicles with Names and Useful Pictures 19Pin

Aerial tramway

An aerial tramway, also known as a cable car or gondola, is a type of vehicle that is used for transportation in mountainous or urban areas.

  • Example: “The aerial tramway provided breathtaking views of the city skyline as it transported us across the river.”

Types of Vehicles with Names and Useful Pictures 20Pin


A helicopter is a type of vehicle that can fly in the air using rotors.

  • Example: The helicopter flew over the city, providing an aerial view of the skyline.

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An airplane is a type of vehicle that is used for air transportation. It typically has wings, engines, and a cockpit for the pilot and crew. Airplanes can travel long distances and at high speeds, making them a popular mode of transportation for people and goods.

  • Example: The airplane took off from the runway and soared into the clouds.

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A balloon is a type of vehicle that is used for recreational or commercial purposes. It typically consists of a large bag filled with hot air or gas, which causes it to rise into the air. Balloons can be used for sightseeing, advertising, or scientific research.

  • Example: “We went on a hot air balloon ride over the countryside and saw beautiful views of the landscape.”

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Tram (UK)/ Streetcar (US)

A tram, also known as a streetcar or trolley, is a type of vehicle that is used for public transportation in urban areas. It typically runs on tracks on the street or in dedicated lanes, and can carry passengers to different parts of the city.

  • Example: “I took the tram to the museum and it was a convenient and affordable way to get there.”

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A carriage is a type of vehicle that is used for transportation, especially in the past. It typically has four wheels, a body that is enclosed or open, and is pulled by horses.

  • Example: “The princess arrived at the ball in a beautiful carriage pulled by white horses.”

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A rowboat is a type of vehicle that is used for transportation or recreation on water. It typically has a narrow body, two or more oars for rowing, and can be powered by human energy or a small motor.

  • Example: “We rented a rowboat and spent the afternoon exploring the lake and enjoying the peaceful scenery.”

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A boat is a type of vehicle that is used for transportation or recreation on water. It can vary in size and shape, and can be powered by human energy, wind, or a motor. Boats can be used for fishing, water sports, transportation, or leisure activities.

  • Example: “We took a boat tour of the harbor and saw the city from a different perspective.”

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A train is a type of vehicle that is used for transportation on tracks. It typically consists of a locomotive that pulls one or more cars or carriages, and can travel long distances at high speeds.

  • Example: “I took the train to visit my grandparents in the countryside and enjoyed the scenic views along the way.”

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Motorcycles are a popular mode of transportation due to their maneuverability and fuel efficiency. Some common motorcycle vocabulary words include:

  • Chopper: a type of motorcycle with a stretched-out appearance and high handlebars.
  • Sportbike: a high-performance motorcycle built for speed and agility.
  • Cruiser: characterized by a more laid-back riding position, often used for extended trips.


Bicycles are an eco-friendly means of transportation that allow us to exercise while getting around. Here are a few bicycle-related vocabulary words:

  • Mountain bike: designed for off-road cycling, featuring knobby tires and sturdy frames.
  • Road bike: built for speed, these bikes have thin tires and lightweight frames.
  • Hybrid bike: combining elements of both mountain and road bikes, ideal for city commuting!


Scooters are smaller, lightweight two-wheelers that are perfect for zipping around urban areas. Some common scooter vocabulary words include:

  • Moped: a small scooter with an engine, usually less than 50cc, and pedals for manual propulsion.
  • Electric scooter: powered by an electric motor, quiet and easy to maneuver.
  • Kick scooter: propelled by pushing off the ground with one foot, popular among children and adults alike.



Cars come in various shapes and sizes, ranging from small city cars to large luxury sedans. Some common types of cars include hatchbacks, sedans, convertibles, and coupes. Here’s a brief list of car vocabulary:

  • Hatchback: It is a car with a rear door that opens upwards, allowing for easy access to the cargo area. Example: “Our hatchback is fuel-efficient and perfect for city driving.”
  • Sedan: A car with a separate compartment for the engine, passengers, and cargo. Example: “We chose to buy a new sedan because it provides ample space for our family and luggage.”

Some interesting facts about cars:

  • The world’s first cars date back to the late 19th century.
  • Electric cars are becoming more popular due to their environmental benefits.


Trucks are larger and often used for commercial purposes, carrying goods or construction materials. Here are some common truck types and related vocabulary words:

  • Pickup Truck: A vehicle with a cab and an open cargo area with low sides and a tailgate. Example: Our pickup truck can haul large items like a refrigerator or a piece of furniture comfortably.
  • Dump Truck: It is utilized for transporting loose material like sand, gravel, or dirt. Example: The construction site had several dump trucks moving the soil around.

Interesting fact:

  • The first pickup truck was invented by Henry Ford in the early 20th century.


Sport Utility Vehicles (SUVs) have gained popularity due to their ability to carry more passengers and handle off-road driving. Here’s some vocabulary related to SUVs:

  • Crossover: A combination of a car and an SUV – comfortable and spacious but also fuel-efficient. Example: Our new crossover is perfect for family road trips.
  • 4×4: Refers to a vehicle with four-wheel drive, providing extra traction for off-road conditions. Example: We decided to rent a 4×4 during our mountain vacation for better off-road experience.

Interesting fact:

  • SUVs became more popular in the US in the 1990s, partly due to lower fuel prices.


Vans are larger vehicles that provide ample space for passengers or cargo. They are often used for commercial purposes, family trips, or as work vehicles. Some van-related vocabulary:

  • Minivan: A smaller van designed for families, offering extra seating and storage. Example: We purchased a minivan to accommodate our growing family on vacations.
  • Cargo Van: A larger van with no rear seats, primarily used for transporting goods. Example: Our company uses a cargo van for daily deliveries.

Interesting fact:

  • The first minivans emerged in the 1980s as an alternative to station wagons.

Public Transportation Vehicles


Buses are one of the most common and versatile forms of public transportation, serving diverse routes and connecting communities both in urban and rural areas. Here are some bus-related vocabulary words:

  • City bus: We usually find these operating within cities, offering frequent stops and transporting numerous passengers daily.
    • Example: Our city bus system is extensive, reaching every neighborhood.
  • Double-decker: A two-level bus, often used in tourist-frequented cities.
    • Example: We hopped on a double-decker bus for a sightseeing tour.
  • Coach: This type of bus is designed for longer trips, providing more comfortable seating and amenities.
    • Example: We booked seats on a coach bus for our trip to the countryside.

Fun fact: Did you know that the world’s largest bus can carry up to 300 passengers?


Trains provide a comfortable and efficient form of public transportation, often connecting distant cities and countries. Here’s some train-related vocabulary:

  • Passenger train: Designed specifically for transporting people, these trains offer various seat types and can include amenities like dining cars.
    • Example: We took a passenger train to visit our friends in the next state.
  • Commuter train: These trains serve people traveling between suburban areas and city centers.
    • Example: We use the commuter train to get to work on weekdays.
  • High-speed train: A type of railroad vehicle that reaches speeds over 124mph (200kph), providing fast and efficient long-distance travel.
    • Example: We traveled across the country in just hours on the high-speed train.


Trams, also known as streetcars or trolleys, run on tracks and are typically powered by overhead electric wires. They provide a convenient means of public transportation in urban centers. Some tram-related vocabulary includes:

  • Vintage tram: A classic, older-style tram.
    • Example: We enjoyed a ride on the vintage tram during the city’s heritage celebration.
  • Modern tram: A more contemporary design, often boasting energy-efficient technologies and improved accessibility features.
    • Example: We boarded the modern tram to explore the downtown area.
  • Cable car: A type of tram, generally found in hilly cities, that relies on a cable system for propulsion.
    • Example: We took the cable car up the steep hill to the famous viewpoint.

Fun fact: The first-ever tram began operating in New York City in 1832, with a horse providing the pulling power!

Special Purpose Vehicles


We all know ambulances are emergency response vehicles that transport patients to hospitals or medical facilities. When talking about ambulances, you might come across vocabulary like:

  • Stretcher: A wheeled bed that patients are placed on during transportation.
    • Example: “The paramedics carefully moved the patient onto the stretcher.”
  • Siren: A loud noise alerting others to clear the road for an emergency vehicle.
    • Example: “The ambulance siren was heard from blocks away.”

Did you know that some ambulances are equipped with telemedicine capabilities, allowing paramedics to connect with doctors while en route?

Fire Trucks

Fire trucks are essential vehicles for firefighters, allowing them to extinguish fires, rescue people, and transport equipment. Some vocabulary related to fire trucks include:

  • Ladder: A long, extendable part of the truck used to reach high places.
    • Example: “The firefighter climbed the ladder to rescue the cat from the tree.”
  • Hose: A flexible tube that transports water to extinguish fires.
    • Example: “They used the hose to put out the fire quickly.”

An interesting fact is that the first fire trucks were horse-drawn, and steam-powered pumps were used to help firefighters extinguish fires.

Police Cars

Police cars, also known as patrol cars, are used by law enforcement officers for patrolling, pursuing suspects, and transporting detainees. When discussing police cars, you may encounter vocabulary such as:

  • Squad car: Another name for a police car often used in the United States.
    • Example: “The officer returned to her squad car after questioning the witness.”
  • Light bar: A set of flashing lights mounted on the roof of a police car.
    • Example: “The officers turned on the light bar as they pursued the speeding vehicle.”

A lesser-known fact is that there are police cars that are specifically designed for high-speed chases, with powerful engines and enhanced handling capabilities.

Water Vehicles


We frequently come across various types of boats when exploring water transportation. Let’s take a look at some boat categories and related vocabulary:

  • Rowboat: These small, manually-powered boats use oars. Example: We rowed our rowboat to the other side of the lake.
  • Canoe: A narrowed, lightweight boat typically powered by paddles. Example: We enjoyed a relaxing canoe trip down the river.
  • Sailboat: A water vehicle that uses the power of the wind to move, aided by sails. Example: We spent the afternoon watching sailboats effortlessly glide by.


Ships are much larger than boats, and often have more specific uses. Some common types of ships include:

  • Cargo ship: These massive vessels transport goods across oceans. Example: The busy port was filled with cargo ships unloading their goods.
  • Cruise ship: These ships are essentially floating cities, carrying passengers on leisurely vacations. Example: We can’t wait to go on our first cruise ship adventure next summer.
  • Battleship: A large armoured warship equipped with large calibre guns. Example: We visited the historical battleship turned museum during our city tour.


Submarines are unique water vehicles designed to operate underwater. Their stealth and versatility have made them useful in various capacities:

  • Military submarine: These submarines are a crucial part of naval warfare, as they can remain hidden and launch surprise attacks. Example: The military submarine was conducting covert operations in the area.
  • Research submarine: These are used for underwater exploration and scientific research. Example: We used a research submarine to explore the depths of the ocean and study the marine ecosystem.

In this section, we explored different water vehicles and their unique functions. Armed with this knowledge, we hope you enjoy discussing these fascinating modes of aquatic transportation!

Air Vehicles

We’ll start our journey in the sky, exploring different types of air vehicles and their related vocabulary. In this section, we’ll dive into airplanes, helicopters, and drones.


Our first stop is airplanes. These incredible flying machines allow us to travel quickly and efficiently over long distances. Some common airplane vocabulary words include:

  • Jet: A powerful engine that uses jet propulsion for high-speed flight.
  • Propeller: A device with two or more blades that spins to create thrust, propelling the airplane forward.
  • Cockpit: The area in the front of the airplane where the pilot and co-pilot sit and control the aircraft.
  • Wing: A large surface on the sides of an airplane that helps it generate lift and remain in the air.

Example sentences that use airplane vocabulary:

  1. The pilot started the jet engines and prepared for takeoff.
  2. The propeller-driven aircraft was ideal for short regional flights.
  3. We got a tour of the cockpit before the flight.
  4. The extreme turbulence caused the wings to visibly flex during the flight.

Fun Fact: The largest airplane in the world is the Antonov An-225 Mriya, with a wingspan of 88.4 meters!


Next up, we have helicopters. These unique aircraft can hover in place, fly backwards, and even land vertically. Some useful helicopter vocabulary words are:

  • Rotor: The large set of rotating blades on the top of a helicopter that allow it to lift off and maneuver.
  • Tail Rotor: A smaller rotor on the tail of the helicopter that prevents it from spinning uncontrollably.
  • Skids: The landing gear of a helicopter, which often look like long, metal legs.
  • Chopper: A slang term for a helicopter.

Example sentences that use helicopter vocabulary:

  1. The rotor blades began to spin faster as the helicopter prepared to lift off.
  2. The tail rotor helps keep the helicopter stable in flight.
  3. The helicopter landed gently on its skids.
  4. We spotted a police chopper hovering above the city.

Fun Fact: The fastest helicopter in the world is the Eurocopter X3, which can reach speeds of up to 487 km/h!


Last but not least, we’ll take a look at drones. These small, unmanned aerial vehicles are used for various purposes, from photography to package delivery. Here are some drone vocabulary words:

  • Quadcopter: A drone with four rotors, one in each corner.
  • Remote control: The handheld device used to control the drone’s flight.
  • Gimbal: A stabilization system on a drone that keeps the camera steady during flight.
  • First-Person View (FPV): A way of flying drones using goggles that display a live video feed from the drone’s camera.

Example sentences that use drone vocabulary:

  1. The quadcopter is popular for its stability and ease of use.
  2. She expertly maneuvered the drone using its remote control.
  3. The gimbal allowed for smooth video footage even in windy conditions.
  4. The FPV racing league showcases skilled drone pilots competing in high-speed races.

Fun Fact: The smallest drone in the world is the Aerix Black Talon, measuring just 10 cm in diameter!

List of Vehicles Video

Learn different types of vehicles video with American English pronunciation.

Transportation Vocabulary

List of transportation and vehicles vocabulary words in English with different categories.

Frequently Asked Questions

What are common terms used for different modes of transportation?

We often use specific terms to describe various modes of transportation. For instance, cars, buses, and trucks are considered road vehicles. Trains, trams, and subways are types of rail transportation. Airplanes and helicopters belong to air transportation, while boats, ships, and ferries fall under the water transportation category.

What are some examples of land, air, and water vehicles?

Land vehicles include cars, buses, bicycles, motorcycles, and trucks. Air vehicles consist of airplanes, helicopters, gliders, and hot air balloons. Water vehicles comprise boats, ships, ferries, and submarines. These are just a few examples, as there are many more types of vehicles used for transportation.

Which vehicle-related words are frequently taught to preschoolers?

Preschoolers typically learn about basic vehicles like cars, buses, bicycles, trucks, trains, airplanes, and boats. These concepts help them understand the world around them and form essential language skills.

How can vehicles be categorized based on their use?

Vehicles can be classified according to various purposes. Some common classifications include personal use (cars, motorbikes), public transport (buses, trains), goods transportation (trucks, vans, freight trains), emergency services (ambulances, fire trucks, police cars), and recreational use (boats, RVs, sports cars).

What are some unique types of vehicles often found in A-Z lists?

A-Z lists often include unique vehicles like amphibious vehicles, blimps, hovercraft, icebreakers, and zeppelins. These vehicles showcase the diversity of transport engineering and design.

Can you provide examples of vehicles that start with uncommon letters, like X or Z?

Certainly! The X is represented by “xenon ion thruster,” a propulsion system used in spacecraft. For the letter Z, examples include “zeppelin,” a type of rigid airship, and “Zamboni,” a vehicle used to resurface ice rinks. These uncommon vehicle names demonstrate the vast range of transportation modes in the world.

Vehicles Vocabulary Practice


Listening Practice

Drag and Drop