Weather Vocabulary: Useful Words to Describe Weather

In this article, we’ll explore some of the most common weather terms, as well as provide tips for how to incorporate them into your everyday conversations. So, let’s get started and take your weather vocabulary to the next level!

Weather Vocabulary

Weather Vocabulary: What's the Weather Like Today?

Weather is the state of the atmosphere, describing for example the degree to which it is hot or cold, wet or dry, calm or stormy, clear or cloudy.

Weather is an integral part of our daily lives, and being able to talk about it accurately and fluently is essential. Whether you’re planning a trip, discussing the day’s forecast with a colleague, or simply making small talk with a friend, having a strong grasp of weather vocabulary can make all the difference.

Basic Weather Words

  • Sunny
  • Rainy
  • Windy
  • Hot
  • Cloudy
  • Stormy
  • Cold
  • Snowy
  • Rain
  • Drizzle
  • Rainbow
  • Snow

Basic Weather Terms with Pictures and Examples


Weather characterized by clear skies and bright sunshine.

  • Example: The beach was crowded with people enjoying the sunny weather.

Weather Vocabulary: Useful Words to Describe Weather 1


Weather characterized by frequent or heavy rainfall.

  • Example: The streets were flooded due to the rainy weather.

Weather Vocabulary: Useful Words to Describe Weather 2


Weather characterized by strong winds.

  • Example: The trees swayed in the windy weather.

Weather Vocabulary: Useful Words to Describe Weather 3


Weather characterized by high temperatures.

  • Example: The pool was crowded with people trying to beat the hot weather.

Weather Vocabulary: Useful Words to Describe Weather 4


Weather characterized by a covering of clouds in the sky.

  • Example: The sky was cloudy and overcast, blocking out the sun.

Weather Vocabulary: Useful Words to Describe Weather 5


Weather characterized by strong winds, heavy rain, thunder, and lightning.

  • Example: The boats were docked in the harbor to avoid the stormy weather.

Weather Vocabulary: Useful Words to Describe Weather 6


Weather characterized by low temperatures.

  • Example: The children bundled up in warm clothes to play outside in the cold weather.

Weather Vocabulary: Useful Words to Describe Weather 7


Weather characterized by falling snow or a covering of snow on the ground.

  • Example: The town was transformed into a winter wonderland after a snowy weather.

Weather Vocabulary: Useful Words to Describe Weather 8


Precipitation in the form of liquid water droplets falling from the atmosphere.

  • Example: The children played outside in the rain and jumped in puddles.

Weather Vocabulary: Useful Words to Describe Weather 9


Light rain falling in very fine drops.

  • Example: The windshield wipers were turned on to clear the drizzle from the windshield.

Weather Vocabulary: Useful Words to Describe Weather 10


A meteorological phenomenon caused by reflection, refraction, and dispersion of light in water droplets.

  • Example: The rainbow appeared in the sky after the rain stopped.

Weather Vocabulary: Useful Words to Describe Weather 11


Precipitation in the form of ice crystals that falls from clouds.

  • Example: The children built a snowman in the front yard after a heavy snow.

Weather and Natural Disasters Vocabulary in English

Useful Words to Describe the Weather

Advanced Weather Terms List


  • Bright – The weather was bright and sunny.
  • Blazing – The sun was blazing down that afternoon.
  • Sunlight – I was dazzled by the sunlight.
  • Sunshine – It was a cool day with fitful sunshine.


  • Drizzling– It’s been drizzling all day.
  • Pouring – It was absolutely pouring with rain.
  • Raining – It is raining cats and dogs.
  • Lashing – The rain was lashing the windows.


  • Cloudy – It was so cloudy that the top of the mountain was invisible.
  • Gloomy – It was a wet and gloomy day.
  • Foggy – It was foggy and the sun shone feebly through the murk.
  • Overcast – The sky was soon overcast.
  • Clear – His visit came out of a clear sky.


  • Mist – The sun will evaporate the mist.
  • Haze – The sun was surrounded by a golden haze.
  • Dense fog – The airport was closed in by the dense fog.
  • Patchy fog – Drizzle and patchy fog are forecast.


  • Snowfall – There was very little snowfall last year.
  • Sleet – The rain was turning to sleet.
  • Snowstorm – The snowstorm will last till tomorrow afternoon.
  • Snowflake – A single snowflake landed on her nose.
  • Blizzard – Eleanor arrived in the midst of a blizzard.


  • Breeze – A cold breeze was blowing hard.
  • Blustery – The day was cold and blustery.
  • Windy – It was windy and Jake felt cold.
  • Windstorm – The sea was choppy today because of the windstorm.
  • Hurricane – A hurricane hit the city yesterday at 5 p.m.


  • Hot – The weather was hot, without a breath of wind.
  • Warm – It is nice and warm today.
  • Cool – It was a lovely cool evening.
  • Cold – The cold weather exhilarated the walkers.
  • Freezing – It is freezing cold now.

Natural Disasters

  • Landslide – The railroad was blocked by a landslide.
  • Avalanche – They were killed by an avalanche in the Swiss Alps.
  • Storm – The weather forecast is for severe storms tonight.
  • Drought – They are preparing against a drought.
  • Earthquake – We had an awful earthquake last week.

Useful Weather Words & Terms Image

Weather Vocabulary: Useful Weather Words & Terms

Weather Vocabulary | Video

Frequently Asked Questions

What are common words to describe temperature?

When talking about temperature, you may come across words like hot, warm, cool, and cold. Specific terms can include “below freezing” for temperatures less than 0 degrees Celsius (32F) or “scorching” for extremely hot conditions.

How can we describe different types of precipitation?

Precipitation can be described using various terms, such as rain, drizzle, sleet, and snow. Additionally, you could use “downpour” for heavy rain or “flurries” for light snowfall.

Which terms are used for various wind conditions?

Wind conditions can be described using words like breeze, blustery, windy, or gusts. A more extreme term is “windstorm,” referring to exceptionally strong winds.

What are some expressions for sunny and cloudy weather?

For sunny weather, you might use phrases such as “clear sky,” “bright sunshine,” or “sunny day.” When describing cloudy weather, terms like “overcast,” “cloudy,” or “partly cloudy” are commonly used.

How can weather conditions be described during different seasons?

Different seasons bring various weather conditions. For example, in spring, you could mention “mild weather” or “drizzle,” while in summer, you might say “hot” or “summers storms.” During autumn, you could describe the weather as “cool” or “crisp,” and in winter, terms like “cold,” “icy,” or “snowy” may fit best.

What are some extreme weather events vocabulary?

Extreme weather events can be referred to using terms like “hurricane,” “tornado,” “blizzard,” “drought,” or “flood.” When discussing such events, it is crucial to use accurate and non-exaggerated language to convey the severity and potential impacts.

Related: Phrases to describe the weather.